Jugular foramen

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Jugular foramen
Base of skull. Inferior surface. (label for jugular foramen is at right, third from the bottom)
Latin Foramen jugulare
Gray's p.181
TA A02.1.00.054
FMA 56432
Anatomical terminology

The jugular foramen is a large aperture in the base of the skull. It is located behind the carotid canal and is formed in front by the petrous portion of the temporal, and behind by the occipital; it is generally larger on the right than on the left side.


Cranial nerves IX, X, and XI and the internal jugular vein pass through the jugular foramen.

The jugular foramen may be subdivided into three compartments, each with their own contents.

An alternative imaging based subclassification exists, delineated by the jugular spine which is a bony ridge partially separating the jugular foramen into two parts:

Clinical significance[edit]

Obstruction can result in "Vernet's syndrome".[1][2]

Additional images[edit]

See also[edit]


This article incorporates text in the public domain from the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)

  1. ^ "Parapharyngeal Masses: Their Diagnosis and Management". 
  2. ^ Erol FS, Kaplan M, Kavakli A, Ozveren MF (June 2005). "Jugular foramen syndrome caused by choleastatoma". Clin Neurol Neurosurg 107 (4): 342–6. doi:10.1016/j.clineuro.2004.08.006. PMID 15885397. 

External links[edit]