Jujhautiya Brahmin

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The Jujhautiya Brahmin (also spelled Jijhotia, Jajautia or Jujautia) are an endogamous Brahmin community found the Chambal and Yamuna river valleys in the north, and the Narbada valley in the south. Chhatarpur District in Madhya Pradesh is the centre and cultural focus of this community. They are a sub-group of the Kanyakubja Brahmins.[1]

Origin[edit]

According to the community's traditions, they acquired the name Jujhautiya, when a group of Kanyakubja Brahmins performed a yajna for Jhujhar Singh, the Bundela Rajah.[2] In Uttar Pradesh, they are found mainly in the districts Hamirpur, Jhansi and Banda.[1]

Social organization[edit]

The practice endogamy and clan exogamy, like most Brahmin castes. Their clans are known as pata, are placed into two groupings, Teen Ghars, consisting of the Tiwari, Chanke and Pande, and the Tera Ghar consisting of the Rawat, Richhariya, Misra, Pathak, Patairiya, Bhandairiya, Vajpai, Chaube, Nayak, Arjariya, Sullere, Dikhsit and the Tiwari of Aijhi.

The Jujhautiya were at one time substantial landowners, and zamindars of the estates of Gawrihar, Paldes, Navagaon, Bhesaunda, and Chaubepur Pahra.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b People of India Uttar Pradesh Volume XLII Part Two edited by A Hasan & J C Das pages 658 to 665 Manohar Publications
  2. ^ The tribes and castes of the central provinces of India (1916) editted by Russell, Robert Vane, 1873-1915; Lal, Hira, Rai Bahadur, 1867
  3. ^ Sengupta, Nirmal (1982). "Agrarian Movements in Bihar". In Das, Arvind N. Agrarian Movements in India: Studies on 20th Century Bihar. Psychology Press. p. 51. ISBN 9780714632162.