Jules-André Peugeot

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Jules-André Peugeot
A photo of Jules Andre Peugeot.jpg
Born(1893-06-11)June 11, 1893
Etupes, France
DiedAugust 2, 1914(1914-08-02) (aged 21)[1]
Joncherey, France
Etupes Cemetery Doubs, France
Service/branchFrench Army
Years of service1913–1914
Unit14th Infantry Division, 27th Infantry Brigade, 44th Regiment, 6th Company
Battles/warsSkirmish at Joncherey

Jules-André Peugeot (French: [pøʒo]; June 11, 1893 – August 2, 1914) was the first French soldier to die in World War I. He died one day before war was formally declared on France by Germany, in the same skirmish in which Albert Mayer became the first German soldier to die.

Early life[edit]

Before being called up for compulsory military service in 1913, Jules Andre Peugeot was a teacher.


On mid morning on August 2, 1914, a German cavalry patrol led by Leutnant Albert Mayer patrolled into France before war had been officially declared. Upon crossing into French territory Albert Mayer slashed a French sentry with his saber before going deeper into France.

Around 9:30 Peugeot and his fellow soldiers were eating breakfast in a billet house owned by a certain Louis Doucourt. The owner of the house's daughter, Adrienne, came in and told the soldiers that a German patrol had entered the town at which Peugeot and his comrades arose from breakfast to meet them. At 9:59 Peugeot yelled at Mayer and his patrol to stop, as they were under arrest, but Mayer pulled out a pistol and shot Peugeot in the shoulder. Peugeot stumbled and shot his pistol, missing Mayer, but Peugeot's comrades returned fire, hitting Mayer in the stomach and head, killing him. Peugeot went back to the billet house where at 10:37 am he died on the steps of the house.


On the seventh anniversary of Peugeot's death, the French government erected a monument on the Alsatian border to commemorate the place where he died.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Jordan, Daniel (11 March 1916). "First to fall for France" (PDF). The New York Times. Retrieved 18 April 2012.
  2. ^ James, Edwin L. (27 February 1921). "France Will Honor With a Monument Her First Soldier Killed in the War" (PDF). The New York Times. Retrieved 28 February 2021.

External links[edit]