Jules Bache

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Jules Bache

Jules Semon Bache (November 9, 1861 – March 24, 1944) was an American banker, art collector and philanthropist.

Biography[edit]

Julius Bache was born to a Jewish family[1][2] in New York City.[3] His father, Semon Bache [né Bach] (1826-1891), emigrated to the United States from his native Nuremberg[4] Bavaria, settling in New York City where he started the glassmaking firm Semon Bache & Company. In 1881, he started work as a cashier at Leopold Cahn & Co., a stockbrokerage firm founded by his uncle. In 1886, he was made a minority partner and in 1892 took full control of the business, renaming it J. S. Bache & Co. Jules Bache built the company into one of the top brokerage houses in the United States, outranked only by Merrill Lynch. In the process, he became an immensely wealthy individual, a patron of the arts, and a philanthropist.

During World War I, Jules Bache donated money to the American Field Service in France and his wife was the honorary treasurer of the "War Babies' Cradle," a charity that provided aid for mothers and children in distress in war-torn Northern France and Belgium to provide them with food, clothing, heating fuel and medical care.

Jules Bache was a shareholder of a number of prominent corporations and sat on the board of directors of many of them. Among his personal holdings, Bache had sizeable interests in Canadian mining companies. His equity in these companies were held by his Bahamas based corporation that allowed him to legally avoid some of the high personal U.S. surtaxes, a fact which he would be publicly criticized for as a result of the Federal investigations during the 1930s into the causes of the Wall Street Crash of 1929. Bache however believed that high taxation was a hindrance to economic growth and published a booklet titled "Release business from the slavery of taxation." A major shareholder in Dome Mines Limited, Bache served as company president from 1919 until 1942 and was Chairman of the Board at the time of his passing. After the brokerage firm of Dillon, Read & Co. acquired the Dodge Brothers Automobile Company in 1923, Jules Bache acquired a substantial position in Chrysler Corporation.

The mausoleum of Jules Bache

In addition to his high profile in the business world, Jules Bache would also become well known for his art collecting that received much press attention in 1929 when he purchased the portrait of "Giuliano de Medici," then attributed to Raphael. He would acquire numerous other important works including those by or attributed to Rembrandt, Titian (including The Bache Madonna), Albrecht Dürer, Diego Velázquez, Gerard David, Giovanni Bellini, and Sandro Botticelli, amongst others. In 1937 he opened his magnificent art collection to the public, and in 1943 donated some of his works to the Detroit Institute of Arts.

Gift to the Metropolitan Museum of Art[edit]

Bache was a major donor to the Department of Decorative Arts at the Metropolitan Museum of Art.[5] At the time of his death in 1944, most of his picture collection - up to that time gifted to the Jules Bache Foundation, was given to the Museum; the remaining works of art from his estate from his house at 814 Fifth Avenue were sold at auction.[6] Presumably his portrait by Austrian artist Wilhelm Viktor Krausz (1878-1959) was retained by one of Bache's daughters.

image title painter date accession number The Met url
Madonna and Child with Saints MET DP104372.jpg
Madonna and Child with Saints Giovanni Bellini 49.7.1 MET
Madonna and Child MET DT301874.jpg
Madonna and Child Workshop of Giovanni Bellini 1510 49.7.2 MET
Jacometto Veneziano 001.jpg
Portrait of a Young Man Jacometto Veneziano 49.7.3 MET
The Coronation of the Virgin MET DT350031.jpg
The Coronation of the Virgin Follower of Botticelli 1500s 49.7.4 MET
Carlo Crivelli 068.jpg
Madonna Lenti Carlo Crivelli 1472 49.7.5 MET
Uccello Portrait of a Lady MET.jpg
Portrait of a Woman Master of the Nativity of Castello 1450s 49.7.6 MET
Francesco Sassetti (1421–1490) and His Son Teodoro MET DT1369.jpg
Francesco Sassetti and His Son Teodoro Domenico Ghirlandaio 1488s 49.7.7 MET
Descent from cross Tempera and gold leaf.jpg
Descent from the Cross Girolamo da Cremona 49.7.8 MET
Fra Filippo Lippi 012.jpg
Madonna and Child Enthroned with Two Angels Filippo Lippi 1440s 49.7.9 MET
Vierge et l'enfant de Lippi.jpg
Madonna and Child Filippino Lippi 1483s 49.7.10 MET
Rodolfo Gonzaga (1451–1495) MET EP358.jpg
Rodolfo Gonzaga (1451–1495) Style of Andrea Mantegna 1500s 49.7.11 MET
Giuliano de' Medici (1479–1516), Duke of Nemours MET DP265692.jpg
Giuliano de' Medici (1479–1516), Duke of Nemours Copy after Raphael 1600s 49.7.12 MET
Madonna and Child MET DT1344.jpg
Madonna and Child Luca Signorelli 49.7.13 MET
Portrait of a Man MET ep49.7.14.bw.R.jpg
Portrait of a Man Lambert Sustris 49.7.14 MET
Madonna and Child MET DT5274.jpg
Madonna and Child Titian 1510 49.7.15 MET
Venus and Adonis MET DT5111.jpg
Venus and Adonis Titian 1560 49.7.16 MET
Cosmè Tura - Flight to Egypt (from the predella of the Roverella Polyptych) - WGA23121.jpg
The Flight into Egypt Cosimo Tura 49.7.17 MET
Virgin and Child MET ep49.7.18.bw.R.jpg
Virgin and Child Workshop of Dieric Bouts 1475 49.7.18 MET
Christus carthusian.jpg
Portrait of a Carthusian Petrus Christus 1446 49.7.19 MET
Gerard David - Triptych with the Nativity - WGA06016.jpg
The Nativity with Donors and Saints Jerome and Leonard Gerard David 49.7.20a–c MET
Gerard David - The rest on the flight into Egypt (Metropolitan Museum of Art).jpg
The Rest on the Flight into Egypt Gerard David 1513s 49.7.21 MET
Virgin and Child MET DT245520.jpg
Virgin and Child Workshop of Hans Memling 1490 49.7.22 MET
Young Woman with a Pink MET DT200206.jpg
Young Woman with a Pink Hans Memling 1485 49.7.23 MET
Portrait of a Man in a Turban DT200207.jpg
Portrait of a Man in a Turban Netherlandish Painter 1460s 49.7.24 MET
Anthony van Dyck - Self portrait.jpg
Self-Portrait Anthony van Dyck 1620 49.7.25 MET
Robert Rich by van Dyck.jpg
Portrait of Robert Rich, second earl of Warwick Anthony van Dyck 1634 49.7.26 MET
Portrait of an Italian Woman MET DP280389.jpg
Portrait of an Italian Woman German painter 1600s 49.7.27 MET
Portrait of a Man (Sir Ralph Sadler?) MET DP278970.jpg
Portrait of a Man (Sir Ralph Sadler?) Workshop of Hans Holbein the Younger 1535 49.7.28 MET
Derich Berck, by Hans Holbein.jpg
Derick Berck of Cologne Hans Holbein 1536 49.7.29 MET
Portrait of a Young Woman MET DP280856.jpg
Portrait of a Young Woman Workshop of Hans Holbein the Younger 1540 49.7.30 MET
Edward VI (1537–1553), When Duke of Cornwall MET DP164833.jpg
Edward VI (1537–1553), When Duke of Cornwall Workshop of Hans Holbein the Younger 1545 49.7.31 MET
Portrait of a Young Woman MET DP321072.jpg
Portrait of a Young Woman an anonymous Netherlandish painter 1535 49.7.32 MET
Frans Hals - Claes Duyst van Voorhout.jpg
Portrait of Claes Duyst van Voorhout Frans Hals 1638 49.7.33 MET
Portrait of a Bearded Man with a Ruff MET DP145927.jpg
Portrait of a Bearded Man with a Ruff Frans Hals 1625 49.7.34 MET
The Standard Bearer (Floris Soop, 1604–1657), by Rembrandt van Rijn.jpg
Portrait of Floris Soop Rembrandt 1654 49.7.35 MET
Rembrandt A Presumed Sketch for the Male Sitter in the ‘Jewish Bride’.jpg
Man in a Red Cloak Rembrandt 1650s 49.7.36 MET
Rembrandt The Apostle James the Less.jpg
Christ with a Staff Rembrandt 1661 49.7.37 MET
Gerard ter Borch (II) - Curiosity - WGA22128.jpg
The Curious Gerard ter Borch 1660 49.7.38 MET
Portrait of a Young Boy MET ep49.7.39.bw.R.jpg
Portrait of a Young Boy Sébastien Bourdon 1700s 49.7.39 MET
A Young Woman Reading MET DP143178.jpg
A Young Woman Reading Han van Meegeren 1926s 49.7.40 MET
Don Manuel Osorio Manrique de Zunica.jpg
Don Manuel Osorio de Zuniga Francisco de Goya 1787 49.7.41 MET
Portrait of a Man MET DP221248.jpg
Portrait of a Man Diego Velázquez 1630s 49.7.42 MET
Velazquez-TeresaNY51.jpg
María Teresa (1638–1683), Infanta of Spain Diego Velázquez 1651 49.7.43 MET
Charles de Cossé (1506–1563), Comte de Brissac MET ep49.7.44.bw.R.jpg
Charles de Cossé (1506–1563), Comte de Brissac Corneille de Lyon 1600s 49.7.44 MET
Portrait of a Man with a Black-Plumed Hat MET ep49.7.45.bw.R.jpg
Portrait of a Man with a Black-Plumed Hat Corneille de Lyon 1535 49.7.45 MET
François Boucher - Le sommeil interrompu.jpg
The Interrupted Sleep François Boucher 1750 49.7.46 MET
Marie Rinteau, called Mademoiselle de Verrières MET DP-406-01.jpg
Marie Rinteau, called Mademoiselle de Verrières François-Hubert Drouais 1761 49.7.47 MET
Boy with a Black Spaniel MET DP324600.jpg
Boy with a Black Spaniel François-Hubert Drouais 49.7.48 MET
Jean-Honoré Fragonard - La lettre d'amour.jpg
The Love Letter Jean-Honoré Fragonard 1770s 49.7.49 MET
The Cascade MET DP-1015-001.jpg
The Cascade Jean-Honoré Fragonard 49.7.50 MET
A Shaded Avenue (Fragonard).jpg
A Shaded Avenue Jean-Honoré Fragonard 49.7.51 MET
Jean Baptiste Joseph Pater 1730.JPG
The Fair at Bezons Jean-Baptiste Pater 49.7.52 MET
Alexandre Charles Emmanuel de Crussol-Florensac (1743–1815) MET DP320090.jpg
Alexandre Charles Emmanuel de Crussol-Florensac (1743–1815) Louise Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun 1787 49.7.53 MET
Antoine Watteau - Actors from the Comédie Française - WGA25475.jpg
The French Comedians Antoine Watteau 49.7.54 MET
Queen Charlotte MET DP162155.jpg
Queen Charlotte Thomas Gainsborough 49.7.55 MET
Anne Elizabeth Cholmley (1769–1788), Later Lady Mulgrave MET DP169398.jpg
Anne Elizabeth Cholmley (1769–1788), Later Lady Mulgrave Gainsborough Dupont 49.7.56 MET
Lady Elizabeth Hamilton (1753–1797), Countess of Derby.jpg
Lady Elizabeth Hamilton (1753–1797), Countess of Derby George Romney 49.7.57 MET
Henri d'Albret (1503–55), King of Navarre MET DT572.jpg
Henri d'Albret (1503–55), King of Navarre enamels highlighted in The MET collection 1556 49.7.108 MET
Jules Semon Bache Jo Davidson 1936 49.7.120 MET

A supporter of American theatre and Broadway, in 1941 Jules Bache helped found the New York branch of the Escholier Club.

In 1927, his daughter, Kathryn Bache Miller, married the theatrical producer Gilbert Miller, in Paris, France.[7][8]

Death[edit]

Jules Bache died in 1944 in Palm Beach, Florida and was interred in the Woodlawn Cemetery in the Bronx, New York. His tomb is a replica of the Trajan's Kiosk at Philae.

He told The Literary Digest his name was pronounced Baitch, "A rhyme with aitch." (Charles Earle Funk, What's the Name, Please?, Funk & Wagnalls, 1936.)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ New York Social Diary: "Best Friends: Jewish Society in Old Palm Beach" 2008
  2. ^ The American Hebrew: "Jule S. Bache Operated On February 17, 1922
  3. ^ "Jules Bache". 20th Century American Leaders Database. Harvard University. Retrieved December 17, 2013. 
  4. ^ ,[1]
  5. ^ Finding aid for the Preston Remington records, 1925-1970, Metropolitan Museum of Art. Retrieved 25 July 2014.
  6. ^ New York Herald Tribune, Sunday, April 1, 1945, p. 20 'Jules S. Bache Art Collection is Going on Sale: Works Not Donated to the Metropolitan Museum To Be Sold April 19, 20, 21.' The auction was held at the Kende Galleries of Gimbel Brothers. The New York Times, Sunday, April 1, 1945 adds that 'oil paintings and terracotta statuary' were to be sold on April 25.
  7. ^ "Kathryn B. Miller, Philanthropist, 83". The New York Times. October 16, 1979. 
  8. ^ "Miss Bache Weds Gilbert Miller". The New York Times. July 17, 1927.