Jules Delsart

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Jules Delsart, portrait by Julien Decle

Jules Delsart (24 November 1844 – 3 July 1900)[1] was a 19th-century French cellist and teacher. He is best known for his arrangement for cello and piano of César Franck's Violin Sonata in A major. Musicologist Lynda MacGregor described Delsart as "one of the foremost French cellists of the period, with faultless technique, a precise bow and a sweet, though not large, tone."[1] He was the owner of the 1689 'Archinto' Stradivari.[1]

Life and career[edit]

Born in Valenciennes in 1844, Delsart began his studies at the Académie de Musique in his native city before transferring to the Conservatoire de Paris, where he earned a premiere prix in cello performance in 1866.[2] His principal teacher was Auguste Franchomme, whom he succeeded as professor of cello at the Conservatoire upon Franchomme's death in 1884.[3][4][5] He remained in that position for the rest of his life. His students included Paul Bazelaire,[3][4] Horace Britt,[6] Marcel Casadesus,[1] Louis Feuillard(this is probably Louis Feuillade),[7] Louis Fournier,[1] Víctor Mirecki Larramat, Henri Mulet,[8] and Georges Papin.[1]

Following his graduation from the Paris Conservatoire, Delsart embarked on several successful tours throughout Europe. On 26 February 1881 he premiered in the Salle Pleyel the cello sonata of Marie Jaëll, with the composer playing the piano.[9] In 1882 she dedicated her cello concerto to him.[10] He made numerous appearances in London, including performing in the world premiere of David Popper's Requiem for three cellos and orchestra alongside the composer and Edward Howell as his fellow cellists at St James's Hall on 25 November 1891.[1][3] In 1892, at La Trompette, accompanied by Louis Breitner, he premiered Chant saphique, Op. 91, a piece for cello and piano by Camille Saint-Saëns, which was dedicated to him.[5] Other works dedicated to Delsart included David Popper's Nocturne, Léon Boëllmann's Cello Sonata,[11] and Benjamin Godard's On the Lake.

Delsart was also active as a chamber musician. From 1875, along with the founder Martin Pierre Marsick, Louis van Waefelghem and Guillaume Rémy, he was the cellist of the Quatuor Marsick, one of the best and most famous string quartets in Paris of the time.[12] With André Messager and Guillaume Rémy, he played in a piano trio which premiered Ernest Chausson's Trio in G minor, Op. 3, in 1882.[13] He also played in a trio led by Pablo de Sarasate.[14]

In addition to the cello, Delsart occasionally performed on the viola da gamba, which he began studying in 1887.[1] His interest in this instrument led him to found the Société des Instruments Anciens (SIA)[3][4] with Louis Diémer (harpsichord), van Waefelghem (viola d'amore) and Grillet (vielle) in 1889.[1] The SIA performed successfully throughout Europe for a decade, although Delsart was only a member during its early years. He was succeeded in the Société by two of his pupils, Papin and Casadesus.[1]

Delsart died in Paris in 1900, aged 55, and was buried at Père Lachaise Cemetery.[1] During his lifetime, his portrait was painted by Jean-André Rixens and Julien Decle; both paintings are in the Musée des Beaux Arts, Valenciennes.[15] There is a Rue Jules Delsart in Valenciennes.

Arrangements[edit]

Delsart's arrangement for cello and piano of César Franck's Violin Sonata in A major was sanctioned by the composer,[16][17][18] and has become a standard part of the cello repertoire.[19] After thorough historical study based on reliable documents, Delsart's transcription for cello (the piano part remains the same as in the violin sonata) was published by G. Henle Verlag as Urtext edition.[20] He also arranged for cello and piano the Méditation from Massenet's Thaïs (normally played by violin and orchestra);[21] and Fauré's Three Romances sans paroles, Op. 17, for piano.[22][23]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k MacGregor, "Jules Delsart", Grove Music Online (Subscription Access)
  2. ^ Van der Straeten, pg 535
  3. ^ a b c d Jeffrey Solow (2001). "Who Was That Guy, Anyway? / Historical Editors of Cello and Chamber-Music Repertoire, Part I". Strings magazine, No. 94. Retrieved 25 February 2011. 
  4. ^ a b c "Teacher: Jules Delsart". cellist.nl. 6 December 2003. Retrieved 24 February 2011. 
  5. ^ a b Teller Ratner, Sabina (2002). Camille Saint-Saëns: A Thematic catalogue of his complete works, Volume 2. Oxford University Press. p. 196. ISBN 0-19-816320-7. 
  6. ^ "Principal Cellos of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra: 1905-1907 Horace Britt". Chicago Symphony Orchestra. Retrieved 25 February 2011. 
  7. ^ "Stephen Sensbach Shares a 'Forgotten Box of Treasures' with WCS Cello Day Attendees" (PDF). Wisconsin Cello Society. Fall 2004. Retrieved 25 February 2011. 
  8. ^ "Henri Mulet: French organist-composer". The Diapason. 2008. Retrieved 24 February 2011. 
  9. ^ "Marie Jaëll (1846-1925) / Sonate für Violoncello und Klavier" (in German). Klassika. Retrieved 25 February 2011. 
  10. ^ "Jaëll Marie [née Trautmann] (1846 - 1925)" (in French). musicologie.org. Retrieved 25 February 2011. 
  11. ^ "Léon Boëllmann (1862–1897) / Cellosonate a-moll" (in German). Klassika. Retrieved 26 February 2011. 
  12. ^ Cobbett, page 435
  13. ^ Cobbett, page 266
  14. ^ Applebaum, page 283
  15. ^ Collections: Delsart pp. 1, 2 at Culture:fr, retrieved 26 February 2011 (French)
  16. ^ "César Franck: Violin Sonata in A, M.8". Classical Archives. 2011. Retrieved 24 February 2011. 
  17. ^ Steven Paul (2011). "César Franck: Srauss – Franck – Finckel". artistled.com. Retrieved 24 February 2011. 
  18. ^ Peter Jost (2014). "'Pour Piano et Violon ou Violoncelle' – Is there a cello sonata by César Franck?". Henle Verlag. Retrieved 13 March 2014. 
  19. ^ "Unconventional Style, Unusual Power in Beethoven's Sonatas" (PDF). Chicago Classical Music. 22 January 2011. Retrieved 25 February 2011. 
  20. ^ (Editor) Peter Jost (2014). "Cesar Franck Sonata in A major, Edition for Violoncello, Urtext Edition". Henle Verlag. Retrieved 13 March 2014. 
  21. ^ "Thaïs (Massenet, Jules) For Cello and Piano (Delsart)". IMSLP. Retrieved 24 February 2011. 
  22. ^ "Gabriel Fauré Composer - 3 Romances sans paroles, Op.17". Classical Archives. 2011. Retrieved 25 February 2011. 
  23. ^ Roy Howat. "Three Romances sans paroles / Urtext Edition / By Gabriel Faure". sheetmusicplus.com. Retrieved 24 February 2011. 

Sources[edit]

  • Samuel Applebaum and Sada Applebaum. The Way They Play, Volume 4, Paganiniana Publications, 1972
  • Walter Willson Cobbett. Cobbett's Encyclopedic Survey of Chamber Music, Volume 1, Oxford University Press, 1929
  • Lynda MacGregor, ed. Stanley Sadie, "Jules Delsart," The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, Second Edition, 29 vols. (London: Macmillan, 2001). ISBN 1-56159-239-0.
  • Edmund Sebastian Joseph van der Straeten. History of the violoncello, the viol da gamba, their precursors and collateral instruments: with biographies of all the most eminent players of every country, Volume 2, AMS Press, 1976

External links[edit]