Jules Joseph Lefebvre

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Jules Joseph Lefebvre.
Jules Lefebvre in his studio.

Jules Joseph Lefebvre (French: [ʒyl ʒɔzɛf ləfɛːvʁ]) (14 March 1834 – 24 February 1912) was a French figure painter, educator and theorist.

Early life[edit]

Lefebvre was born in Tournan-en-Brie, Seine-et-Marne, on 14 March 1834.[1] He entered the École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts in 1852 and was a pupil of Léon Cogniet.


He won the prestigious Prix de Rome in 1861. Between 1855 and 1898, he exhibited 72 portraits in the Paris Salon. In 1891, he became a member of the French Académie des Beaux-Arts.

He was professor at the Académie Julian in Paris.[2] Lefebvre is chiefly important as an excellent and sympathetic teacher who numbered many Americans among his 1500 or more pupils. Among his famous students were Fernand Khnopff, Kenyon Cox,[3] Félix Vallotton, Ernst Friedrich von Liphart,[4] Georges Rochegrosse, the Scottish-born landscape painter William Hart, Walter Lofthouse Dean, and Edmund C. Tarbell, who became an American Impressionist painter.[5]

Many of his paintings are single figures of beautiful women. Among his best portraits were those of M. L. Reynaud and the Prince Imperial (1874).[3]

Lefebvre died in Paris on 24 February 1912.[1]

Significant milestones[edit]

Selected works[edit]

Jules Lefebvre: Vittoria Colonna, (1861)
Clémence Isaure
Graziella, 1878 (depicting the protagonist of Alphonse de Lamartine's novel Graziella)

Undated works[edit]


Lefebvre's students included:


  1. ^ a b "Art Renewal Center Museum™ Artist Information for Jules Joseph Lefebvre". Art Renewal Center. 
  2. ^ a b Collier, Peter; Lethbridge, Robert (1994). Artistic Relations: Literature and the Visual Arts in Nineteenth-century France. London: Yale University Press. p. 50. ISBN 9780300060096. 
  3. ^ a b Oxford Art Online, "Lefebvre, Jules"
  4. ^ http://www.rusartnet.com/biographies/russian-artists/19th-century/late-19th-century/baron-ernst-friedrich-von-liphart
  5. ^ Kathleen Luhrs American Paintings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art 1980 "...... on to Paris and studied for a year at the Académie Julian under Gustave Boulanger and Jules Lefebvre."

External links[edit]