Jules Maigret

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Jules Maigret
Bruno Crémer.jpg
Bruno Cremer as Jules Maigret
First appearanceThe Strange Case of Peter the Lett
Created byGeorges Simenon
Portrayed by
Information
GenderMale
OccupationPolice officer
Family
  • Evariste Maigret (father)
  • Hernance Maigret (mother)
Spouse(s)
Louise Léonard (m. 1912)
NationalityFrance French

Jules Amedée François Maigret [ʒyl mɛɡʁɛ], simply Jules Maigret or Maigret to most people, is a fictional French police detective, actually a commissaire or commissioner of the Paris Brigade Criminelle (Direction Régionale de Police Judiciaire de Paris), created by writer Georges Simenon.

Seventy-six novels and twenty-eight short stories about Maigret were published between 1931 and 1972, starting with Pietr-le-Letton (Peter the Lett) and concluding with Maigret et Monsieur Charles (Maigret and Monsieur Charles). The Maigret stories were also adapted for television and radio.

An ambitious project by Penguin Books will see the publication of new translations of 75 books in Georges Simenon’s Maigret series over as many months beginning in November 2013, by translators David Bellos, Anthea Bell, and Ros Schwartz.[1]

Description[edit]

The character of Maigret was invented, but after the first few novels was influenced by Chief Inspector Marcel Guillaume [fr], said to be the greatest French detective of his day, who became a long-time friend of Simenon.[2]

Maigret is described as a large, broad shouldered man — he is gruff, but patient and fair. Recurring characters in the series include Maigret's wife Louise (usually referred to simply as Madame Maigret) and in particular "The Faithful Four", a group consisting of his four loyal police colleagues (Sgt./Inspector Lucas, Janvier, Lapointe, and Torrence).

List of novels[edit]

List of Maigret novels with date of French-language publication as well as the Penguin reissue dates and titles.[3]

Title Date Penguin UK Reissue Date Reissue # Reissue Title Other English title(s)
Pietr-le-Letton 1931 7 Nov 2013 1 Pietr the Latvian The Strange Case of Peter the Lett
The Case of Peter the Lett
Maigret and the Enigmatic Lett
Le Charretier de la Providence 1931 6 Feb 2014 4 The Carter of La Providence The Crime at Lock 14
Maigret Meets a Milord
Lock 14
M. Gallet décédé 1931 5 Dec 2013 2 The Late Monsieur Gallet The Death of Monsieur Gallet
Maigret Stonewalled
Le Pendu de Saint-Pholien 1931 2 Jan 2014 3 The Hanged Man of Saint-Pholien The Crime of Inspector Maigret
Maigret and the Hundred Gibbets
La Tête d'un homme
(L'Homme de la Tour Eiffel)
1931 5 Jun 2014 9 A Man's Head A Battle of Nerves
Maigret's War of Nerves
Le Chien jaune 1931 6 Mar 2014 5 The Yellow Dog A Face for a Clue
Maigret and the Concarneau Murders
Maigret and the Yellow Dog
La Nuit du carrefour 1931 3 Apr 2014 6 Night at the Crossroads Maigret at the Crossroads
The Night at the Crossroads
Un Crime en Hollande 1931 1 May 2014 7 A Crime in Holland Maigret in Holland
Au Rendez-vous des Terre-Neuves 1931 5 Jun 2014 8 The Grand Banks Cafe The Sailors' Rendezvous
Maigret Answers a Plea
La Danseuse du Gai-Moulin 1931 7 Aug 2014 10 The Dancer at the Gai Moulin At the Gai Moulin
Maigret at the Gai Moulin
La Guinguette à deux sous 1932 4 Sep 2014 11 The Two-Penny Bar Guinguette by the Seine
Maigret and the Tavern by the Seine
Maigret to the Rescue
A Spot by the Seine
The Bar on the Seine
L'Ombre chinoise 1932 2 Oct 2014 12 The Shadow Puppet The Shadow in the Courtyard
Maigret Mystified
L'Affaire Saint-Fiacre 1932 6 Nov 2014 13 The Saint-Fiacre Affair Maigret and the Countess
Maigret Goes Home
Maigret on Home Ground
Chez les Flamands 1932 4 Dec 2014 14 The Flemish Shop Maigret and the Flemish Shop
The Flemish House
Le Port des brumes 1932 5 Feb 2015 16 The Misty Harbour Death of a Harbour Master
Maigret and the Death of a Harbor Master
The Port of Shadows
Le Fou de Bergerac 1932 1 Jan 2015 15 The Madman of Bergerac
Liberty Bar 1932 5 Mar 2015 17 Liberty Bar Maigret on the Riviera
L'Écluse nº 1 1933 2 Apr 2015 18 Lock No. 1 The Lock at Charenton
Maigret Sits It Out
La femme rousse 1933 The Redhead
Maigret 1934 7 May 2015 19 Maigret Maigret Returns
La Maison du juge 1942 6 Aug 2015 22 The Judge's House Maigret in Exile
Les Caves du Majestic 1942 2 Jul 2015 21 The Cellars of the Majestic Maigret and the Hotel Majestic
The Hotel Majestic
Cécile est morte 1942 4 Jun 2015 20 Cecile is Dead Maigret and the Spinster
Signé Picpus 1944 3 Sep 2015 23 Signed, Picpus Maigret and the Fortuneteller
Félicie est là 1944 5 Nov 2015 25 Félicie Maigret and the Toy Village
L'Inspecteur Cadavre 1944 1 Oct 2015 24 Inspector Cadaver Maigret's Rival
Maigret se fâche August 1945 3 Dec 2015 26 Maigret Gets Angry Maigret in Retirement
Maigret à New York March 1946 7 Jan 2016 27 Maigret in New York Inspector Maigret in New York's Underworld
Maigret in New York's Underworld
Les Vacances de Maigret November 1947 4 Feb 2016 28 Maigret's Holiday A Summer Holiday
No Vacation for Maigret
Maigret on Holiday
Maigret et son mort January 1948 3 Mar 2016 29 Maigret's Dead Man Maigret's Special Murder
La Première enquête de Maigret, 1913 October 1948 7 Apr 2016 30 Maigret's First Case
Mon ami Maigret February 1949 5 May 2016 31 My Friend Maigret The Methods of Maigret
Maigret chez le coroner July 1949 2 Jun 2016 32 Maigret at the Coroner's
L'Amie de Mme Maigret December 1949 4 Aug 2016 34 Madame Maigret's Friend Madame Maigret's Own Case
The Friend of Madame Maigret
Les Mémoires de Maigret September 1950 1 Sep 2016 35 Maigret's Memoirs
Maigret et la vieille dame December 1950 7 Jul 2016 33 Maigret and the Old Lady
Maigret au "Picratt's" December 1950 6 Oct 2016 36 Maigret at Picratt's Maigret and the Strangled Stripper
Maigret in Montmartre
Inspector Maigret and the Strangled Stripper
Maigret en meublé February 1951 3 Nov 2016 37 Maigret Takes a Room Maigret Rents a Room
Maigret et la grande perche May 1951 1 Dec 2016 38 Maigret and the Tall Woman Inspector Maigret and the Burglar's Wife
Maigret and the Burglar's Wife
Maigret, Lognon et les gangsters September 1951 5 Jan 2017 39 Maigret, Lognon and the Gangsters Inspector Maigret and the Killers
Maigret and the Gangsters
Le Revolver de Maigret June 1952 2 Feb 2017 40 Maigret's Revolver
Maigret et l'homme du banc 1953 2 Mar 2017 41 Maigret and the Man on the Bench Maigret and the Man on the Boulevard
The Man on the Boulevard
Maigret a peur March 1953 6 Apr 2017 42 Maigret is Afraid Maigret Afraid
Maigret se trompe August 1953 4 May 2017 43 Maigret's Mistake
Maigret à l'école December 1953 1 Jun 2017 44 Maigret Goes to School
Maigret et la jeune morte January 1954 6 Jul 2017 45 Maigret and the Dead Girl Inspector Maigret and the Dead Girl
Maigret and the Young Girl
Maigret chez le ministre August 1954 3 Aug 2017 46 Maigret and the Minister Maigret and the Calame Report
Maigret et le corps sans tête January 1955 7 Sep 2017 47 Maigret and the Headless Corpse
Maigret tend un piège July 1955 5 Oct 2017 48 Maigret Sets a Trap
Un échec de Maigret March 1956 2 Nov 2017 49 Maigret's Failure
Maigret s'amuse September 1956 7 Dec 2017 50 Maigret Enjoys Himself Maigret's Little Joke
None of Maigret's Business
Maigret voyage August 1957 4 Jan 2018 51 Maigret Travels Maigret and the Millionaires
Les scrupules de Maigret December 1957 1 Feb 2018 52 Maigret's Doubts Maigret Has Scruples
Maigret et les témoins récalcitrants October 1958 1 Mar 2018 53 Maigret and the Reluctant Witnesses
Une confidence de Maigret May 1959 5 Apr 2018 54 Maigret's Secret Maigret Has Doubts
Maigret aux assises November 1959 3 May 2018 55 Maigret in Court
Maigret et les vieillards June 1960 7 Jun 2018 56 Maigret and the Old People Maigret in Society
Maigret et le voleur paresseux January 1961 Maigret and the Lazy Burglar
Maigret and the Idle Burglar
Maigret et les braves gens September 1961 Maigret and the Black Sheep
Maigret et le client du samedi February 1962 Maigret and the Saturday Caller
Maigret et le clochard May 1962 Maigret and the Dosser
Maigret and the Bum
La colère de Maigret June 1962 Maigret Loses His Temper
Maigret et le fantôme June 1963 Maigret and the Ghost
Maigret and the Apparition
Maigret se défend July 1964 Maigret on the Defensive
La Patience de Maigret March 1965 The Patience of Maigret
Maigret Bides His Time
Maigret et l'affaire Nahour February 1966 Maigret and the Nahour Case
Le voleur de Maigret November 1966 Maigret's Pickpocket
Maigret and the Pickpocket
Maigret à Vichy September 1967 Maigret Takes the Waters
Maigret in Vichy
Maigret hésite January 1968 Maigret Hesitates
L'ami d'enfance de Maigret June 1968 Maigret's Boyhood Friend
Maigret et le tueur April 1969 Maigret and the Killer
Maigret et le marchand de vin September 1969 Maigret and the Wine Merchant
La Folle de Maigret May 1970 Maigret and the Madwoman
Maigret et l'homme tout seul February 1971 Maigret and the Loner
Maigret et l'indicateur June 1971 Maigret and the Flea
Maigret and the Informer
Maigret et Monsieur Charles February 1972 Maigret and Monsieur Charles

List of short stories[edit]

List of Maigret short stories by date of publication.

Title Date English title(s)
"Une erreur de Maigret" 1938 "Maigret's Mistake"
"L'amoureux de Madame Maigret" 1938 "The Stronger Vessel"
"Madame Maigret's Admirer"
"Stan le tueur" 1938 "Stan the Killer"
"L'auberge aux noyés" 1938 "The Inn of the Drowned"
"The Drowned Men's Inn"
"La péniche aux deux pendus" 1938 "The Barge with Two Hanging Bodies"
"Inspector Maigret Thinks"
"Dead Man's Barge"
"Two Bodies on a Barge"
"L'affaire du boulevard Beaumarchais" 1938 "The Affair of the Boulevard Beaumarchais"
"The Mysterious Affair in the Boulevard Beaumarchais"
"Monsieur Lundi" 1938 "Mr. Monday"
"Inspector Maigret Hesitates"
"Jeumont, 51 minutes d'arrêt" 1938 "Jeumont, 51 Minutes Wait!"
"Inspector Maigret Deduces"
"Jeumont, 51 Minutes Stop"
"Les larmes de bougie" 1938 "Journey Into Time"
"Journey Backward Into Time"
"Death of a Woodlander"
"Rue Pigalle" 1938 "Rue Pigalle"
"Inspector Maigret Investigates"
"In the Rue Pigalle"
"La vieille dame de Bayeux" 1938 "The Old Lady of Bayeux"
"L'Étoile du Nord" 1938 "At the Étoile du Nord"
"Tempête sur la Manche" 1938 "Storm in the Channel"
"Storm over the Channel"
"Mademoiselle Berthe et son amant" 1938 "Maigret and the Frightened Dressmaker"
"Mademoiselle Berthe and her Lover"
"L'improbable Monsieur Owen" 1938 "The Unlikely Monsieur Owen"
"Ceux du Grand Café" 1938 "The Group at the Grand-Café"
"Le notaire du Châteauneuf" 1938 "Inspector Maigret and the Missing Miniatures"
"The Three Daughters of the Lawyer"
"La fenêtre ouverte" 1938 "The Open Window"
"Inspector Maigret Smokes His Pipe"
"L'homme dans la rue" 1939 "The Man on the Run"
"Inspector Maigret Pursues"
"The Man in the Street"
"Vente à la bougie" 1939 "Under the Hammer"
"Inspector Maigret Directs"
"Sale by Auction"
"Menaces de mort" 1942 "Death Threats"
"La pipe de Maigret" June 1945 "Maigret's Pipe"
"Le témoinage de l'enfant de choeur" 1946 "Elusive Witness"
"According to the Altar Boy"
"Crime in the Rue Sainte-Catherine"
"The Evidence of the Altar-Boy"
"Le client le plus obstiné du monde" May 1946 "The Most Obstinate Man in Paris"
"The Most Obstinate Customer in the World"
"The Most Obstinate Man in the World"
"Maigret et l'inspecteur malgracieux" May 1946 "Maigret and the Surly Inspector"
"On ne tue pas les pauvres types" August 1946 "Death of a Nobody"
"Sous peine de mort" November 1946 "Inspector Maigret's War of Nerves"
"Death Penalty"
"Un noël de Maigret" May 1950 "Maigret's Christmas"

In other media[edit]

Film[edit]

The cinematic potential of Maigret was realized quickly: the first screen Maigret was Pierre Renoir in 1932's Night at the Crossroads, directed by his brother Jean Renoir; the same year brought The Yellow Dog with Abel Tarride, and Harry Baur played him in 1933's La Tête d'un homme, directed by Julien Duvivier.

Charles Laughton played the first English-language Maigret in the 1950 film, The Man on the Eiffel Tower (adapted from the 1931 novel La Tête d'un homme (A Battle of Nerves). The film co-starred Franchot Tone, Burgess Meredith, and Wilfrid Hyde-White.

In France, Jean Gabin played the part in three films, released in 1957, 1959, and 1963.

Television[edit]

There have been numerous incarnations of Maigret on the small screen all around the world. He has been portrayed by French, British, Irish, Austrian, German, Italian, Dutch, Japanese, and Russian actors.

A French version, Les Enquêtes du Commissaire Maigret, starred Jean Richard in more than 80 episodes of a long-running series from 1967 to 1990 on French television — however, Simenon himself is said to have disliked Richard's Maigret because he would not take his hat off when entering a room.[citation needed] Later, Bruno Cremer played the character in 54 adaptations during 1991–2005.

The Italian actor Gino Cervi played the character on Italian television, starting from 1964 up to 1972; Simenon himself considered Cervi's interpretation of the character to be possibly the best.[citation needed] This series resulted in 14 novels and 2 short stories being adapted.

In the Soviet Union, Russian theater actor Boris Tenin portrayed Maigret in a number of TV films in the 1970s. In Soviet cinema, apart from Boris Tenin, Maigret was portrayed by cinema actors Vladimir Samoylov and Armen Dzigarkhanyan.

In Japan, Kinya Aikawa played Megure, a Japanese-born equivalent to the French Maigret, reinvented in a modern Japanese setting, in Tōkyō Megure Keishi,[4] a 25-episode TV series aired from 14 April to 29 May 1978 on Asahi TV. Megure's wife was played by Etsuko Ichihara, who earned the praises of Simenon himself: "The best 'Madame Maigret' in my opinion, even including the French ones, was the 'Madame Maigret' on Japanese television. She was exactly right".[5]

The title role in the 1960s British Maigret TV series was played by the actor Rupert Davies who made his debut on 31 October 1960. Davies took over the part after Basil Sydney, who appeared as Maigret in the original transmitted pilot, proved unavailable due to ill-health. Davies went on to star in 52 adaptations for BBC TV in that decade. His portrayal won two of the highest accolades: his versions were dubbed into French and played across the Channel; and Simenon himself presented Davies with a novel inscribed to his "perfect Maigret". The theme tune to the TV series was composed by Ron Grainer.

Granada Television produced an adaptation of Maigret for ITV in 1992 and 1993, in which Michael Gambon starred as Maigret; there were 12 adaptations in the two series. An earlier version (1988) on ITV cast Richard Harris in the lead role, with a somewhat idiosyncratic reading of the character.[according to whom?]

Rowan Atkinson plays Maigret in Maigret for TV-films made by ITV from 2016. The first two episodes were adapted from Maigret Sets a Trap and Maigret's Dead Man. Two further episodes were broadcast in 2017, adapted from Maigret at the Crossroads and Inspector Maigret and the Strangled Stripper.[6]

Radio[edit]

Maigret statue by Pieter d'Hont in Delfzijl. The unveiling was made by Simenon himself on 3 September 1966, at the place where he had written the first Maigret novel, and was attended by Maigret actors from various countries.[7]
Jules Maigret memorial plaque

Maurice Denham played Chief Inspector Maigret in a series of three-quarter-hour dramatizations of the novels on BBC Radio 4 from 1992 to 2002, with Michael Gough playing Georges Simenon.

The format of each play would begin with Maigret and Simenon sitting together discussing some fact or event which would then lead into Maigret's recounting a particular case, with Simenon asking questions or commenting from time to time.

After Denham's death, the series was continued in 2003 with Nicholas Le Prevost playing a gruffer, more earthy Maigret and Julian Barnes playing Simenon.

Comics[edit]

Jacques Blondeau adapted the novels into the comic series Maigret (1950–53), published in Samedi Soir and Paris Journal.[8] Rumeu (drawings) and Camille Dulac (script) adapted the Maigret story L'Affaire Nahour into the comic strip Maigret in 1969. Between 1992 and 1997 the series Maigret inspired five albums, drawn by Philippe Wurm and Frank Brichau.[9]

Other appearances[edit]

Inspector Juzo Megure from Detective Conan is loosely based on Maigret, in both appearance and name. Both are police inspectors, and are known for wearing hats and overcoats. The rendering in the Japanese syllabary for Megure and Maigret is the same (me-gu-re; in other words, the names are pronounced the same in Japanese).

Maigret himself was also highlighted in volume 5 of the Detective Conan manga's edition of "Gosho Aoyama's Mystery Library", a section of the graphic novels where the author introduces a different detective (or occasionally, a villain) from mystery literature, television, or other media.

The character of Detective Marcel Guillaume appears as a visiting investigator on the fourth-season episode "Monsieur Murdoch" of "Murdoch Mysteries".

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.thebookseller.com/news/penguin-publish-75-maigret-novels
  2. ^ [1][dead link]
  3. ^ "List of Penguin Reissues". Penguin. Retrieved 2017-12-29.
  4. ^ Tôkyo Megure Keishi on the Japanese Wikipedia (in Japanese)
  5. ^ A picture of Kinya Aikawa as Maigret/Megure, and Simenon's quote from La Revue du Cinéma nº 454, November, 1989. Article retrieved on Trussel.com
  6. ^ Rowan Atkinson on IMDb
  7. ^ The Maigret Statue at Delfzijl
  8. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/b/blondeau_j.htm
  9. ^ https://www.lambiek.net/artists/w/wurm_philippe.htm

External links[edit]