Jules Paul Benjamin Delessert

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Benjamin Delessert circa 1800-1810

Jules Paul Benjamin Delessert (14 February 1773 – 1 March 1847) was a French banker and naturalist.


He was born at Lyon, the son of Étienne Delessert (1735–1816), the founder of the first fire insurance company and the first discount bank in France. Young Delessert was travelling in England when the French Revolution broke out, but he hastened back to join the Paris National Guard in 1790, becoming an officer of artillery in 1793. His father bought him out of the army, however, in 1795 in order to entrust him with the management of his bank.

Gifted with remarkable energy, he started many commercial enterprises, founding the first cotton factory at Passy in 1801, and a sugar factory in 1802 where Jean-Baptiste Quéruel developed the industrial manufacture of sugar from sugar beet, and for which he was created a baron of the Empire. He sat in the chamber of deputies for many years, and was a strong advocate for many humane measures, notably the suppression of the Tours or revolving box[clarification needed] at the foundling hospital, the suppression of the death penalty, and the improvement of the penitentiary system. He was made regent of the Bank of France in 1802, and was also member of, and, indeed, founder of many, learned and philanthropic societies. In 1818 he founded with Jean-Conrad Hottinger the first savings bank in France, the Groupe Caisse d'Epargne and maintained a keen interest in it until his death in 1847.

He was also an ardent botanist and conchologist; his botanical library contained 30,000 volumes, of which he published a catalogue Musée botanique de M. Delessert (1845).[1] He also wrote Des avantages de la caisse d'épargne et de prévoyance (1835), Mémoire sur un projet de bibliothèque royale (1836), Le Guide de bonheur (1839), and Recueil de coquilles décrites par Lamarck (1841–42).

His major botanical collaborators were Augustin Pyramus de Candolle and Pedro Cláudio Dinamarquez Clausen.[2]


  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Delessert, Jules Paul Benjamin". Encyclopædia Britannica. 7 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 953–954.
  1. ^ The author of the catalogue was Antoine Lasègue. See FA Stafleu, 'Benjamin Delessert and Antoine Lasègue', Taxon 19:920-936 [1] for biographical details of the two men and their relationship, and the historical importance of the book.
  2. ^ "Delessert, Jules Paul Benjamin (1773-1847)", JSTOR Global Plants, retrieved 2 May 2017
  3. ^ IPNI.  Deless.