Jules Suriray

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Jules Pierre Suriray was a Parisian bicycle mechanic, who patented, in 1869, the use of ball bearings in bicycles.[1]

Suriray was awarded the patent on 2 August 1869.[2] The bearings were then fitted to the winning bicycle ridden by James Moore in the world's first bicycle road race, Paris–Rouen, in November 1869.[1] The bicycle is believed to have been built by Tribout.[3]


  1. ^ a b Mozer, D. "Bicycle History (& Human Powered Vehicle History)". iBike. Retrieved 2010-04-23. 
  2. ^ See:
    • Suriray, "Perfectionnements dans les vélocipèdes" (Improvements in bicycles), French patent no. 86,680, issued: August 2, 1869 , Bulletin des lois de la République française (1873), series 12, vol. 6, page 647.
    • Louis Baudry de Saunier, Histoire générale de la vélocipédie [General history of cycling] (Paris, France: Paul Ollendorff, 1891), pages 62-63. De Saunier points out that ball bearings had been patented both in France in 1857 by Mssrs. Courtois, Tihay and Defrance, and in the United States in 1861 (patent no. 32,604 ; issued: 18 June 1861).
  3. ^ Jules Pierre Suviray. On trouve sa statue dans la cours du musée des Arts et Métiers à Paris.