Julián Felipe

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Julián Felipe
PH nhi julian felipe.jpg
Julián Felipe, Composer of the Philippine national anthem
BornJanuary 28, 1861
Cavite City, Cavite, Captaincy General of the Philippines
DiedOctober 2, 1944 (aged 83)
Manila, Commonwealth of the Philippines
OccupationComposer
Known forComposer of the National Anthem of the Philippines
Monument at Cavite City

Julián Felipe (January 28, 1861 – October 2, 1944), was the composer of the music of the Philippine national anthem, formerly known as "Marcha Nacional Filipina", now known as Lupang Hinirang.[1]

Early life[edit]

Julián Felipe was born in Cavite City. A dedicated music teacher and composer, he was appointed by then-President Emilio Aguinaldo as Director of the National Band of the First Philippine Republic. He died in Commonwealth of the Philippines.

He studied at a public school in Cavite and Binondo, Manila for his primary education. At an early age, he showed his talent in music. He also learned how to play the piano and the organ. Later, he became an organist in St. Peter's Parish Church. As an organist, Felipe was given the chance to hone his gift. Soon after he was composing songs.

Among his early popular compositions were Moteti el Santesisimo, Sintos y Floras Rogodones, Amorita Danza, and Reina de Cavite (In honor of Nuestra Señora de la Soledad de Porta Vaga). He impressed many music enthusiasts with the said pieces. Though still young, his works were already at par with the seasoned musicians.

In recognition of his remarkable contributions in the field of music, he was given awards and accolades.

Involvement in the Philippine Revolution[edit]

When the revolution broke out, Felipe joined his fellow Cavitenos who fought against the Spaniards. He was arrested and jailed at Fort San Felipe in Cavite.

When freed, he again joined Emilio Aguinaldo's troop. He composed nationalistic songs that inspired his compatriots to continue fighting against the Spaniards. A bust of Felipe can be found in Cavite City, located near San Sebastian College – Recoletos de Cavite.

National Anthem[edit]

Aguinaldo asked him to provide a stirring composition to be played in the historic proclamation of Philippine independence. His composition 'Marcha Nacional Filipina', played on June 12, 1898 in Aguinaldo's home in Kawit, was adopted as the Philippine national anthem on September 5, 1938.

In popular culture[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lim, Josh. "Philippines "Lupang Hinirang" (Beloved Land)". Retrieved 2007-08-02.

External links[edit]