|Died||October 2, 1944 (aged 83)|
|Known for||Composer of the National Anthem of the Philippines|
Julián Reyes Felipe (Spanish: [xuˈljan feˈlipe]: January 28, 1861 – October 2, 1944) was a Filipino composer of the music of the Philippine national anthem, formerly known as "Marcha Nacional Filipina", now known as "Lupang Hinirang".
Julián Felipe was born in Cavite Nuevo (the present-day Cavite City). A dedicated music teacher and composer, he was appointed by then-President Emilio Aguinaldo as Director of the National Band of the First Philippine Republic.
He studied at a public school in Cavite and Binondo, Manila for his primary education. At an early age, he showed his talent in music. He also learned how to play the piano and the organ. Later, he became an organist in St. Peter's Parish Church. As an organist, Felipe was given the chance to hone his gift. Soon after he was composing songs.
Among his early popular compositions were "Moteti el Santesisimo", "Sintos y Floras Rogodones", "Amorita Danza", and "Reina de Cavite", the latter written in honor of Our Lady of Porta Vaga. In recognition of his contributions in the field of music, he was given awards and accolades.
Involvement in the Philippine Revolution
When the revolution broke out, Felipe joined his fellow Caviteños who fought against the Spaniards. He was arrested and jailed at Fort San Felipe in Cavite.
After he was freed, he rejoined Emilio Aguinaldo's troops. He composed various nationalistic songs that inspired his compatriots to continue fighting against the Spaniards.
Aguinaldo asked him to provide a stirring composition to be played in the historic proclamation of the Philippine independence. His composition Marcha Nacional Filipina was first played as incidental music on June 12, 1898 in Aguinaldo's home in Kawit.
It was adopted as the Philippine national anthem on September 5, 1938 by the Commonwealth Government
In popular culture
- Josh Lim &, Bill Mitchell. "Philippines "Lupang Hinirang" (Chosen Land)". Retrieved 2007-08-02.
- Historia de la Marcha Nacional Filipino Full text document written by Julián Felipe on the history of the Philippine National Anthem.