Julia Cartwright Ady
Julia Mary Cartwright Ady (née Cartwright) (1851 – 28 April 1924) was an English art critic and historian of Italian renaissance.
Cartwright was born at Edgcote, Northamptonshire, the daughter of Richard Aubrey Cartwright and Hon Mary Fremantle, daughter of Thomas Fremantle, 1st Baron Cottesloe. She was educated privately. Her uncle William Cornwallis Cartwright was an art collector, and allowed her early access to his library and gallery at Aynhoe Park, Northamptonshire. In 1868, she toured France, Austria, and Italy with her family.
In 1871 Cartwright contributed an article in Aunt Judy's Magazine, and also wrote for the Monthly Packet, and for a series of "The Lives of the Saints". She read works on Renaissance art, including those of Anna Jameson, John Ruskin, Charles Lock Eastlake, Walter Pater, and particularly the New History of Painting in Italy by Joseph Archer Crowe and Giovanni Battista Cavalcaselle. In 1873 she submitted an article on Giotto to Macmillan's Magazine, which was turned down at the time, but appeared in the New Quarterly in 1877. Cartwright continued to write art criticism for journals such as The Portfolio and the Magazine of Art. She visited Italy at least three times in the 1870s and on one of these occasions met Rev William Henry Ady whom she persuaded to take up the post of rector at Edgcote and married in 1880. In 1881, Cartwright, now known as Mrs Henry Ady, published her first art history, Mantegna and Francia. In 1894 she met Bernard Berenson and in 1897 toured Siena with Berenson's future wife Mary Costelloe under the guidance of Herbert Horne. In 1903 her book on Botticelli was first published, and in 1905 she published a book on Raphael.
Biographies of women
Ady was able to raise the prominence of women as art writers through art criticism and her biographies of women. Her subjects included Dorothy Sidney mistress of Edmund Waller, Henrietta, Duchess of Orléans, sister of Charles II, Isabella d'Este the renaissance art patron, and her younger sister, Beatrice d'Este, Baldassare Castiglione and Christina of Denmark, the art-loving Danish expatriate. In 1914 Ady published a collection of her articles as The Italian Gardens of the Renaissance and other Studies.
Ady's initial interest in renaissance art expanded to include contemporary artists, in particular Turner, Landseer, and Whistler and moved on the Pre-Raphaelites Dante Gabriel Rossetti, Edward Burne-Jones and Watts, Millet, Bastien-Lepage, and Puvis de Chavannes. She was positive about some forms of modern art, but was shocked at the 1912 Post-impressionism exhibition mounted by Roger Fry at the Grafton Galleries. Her views of art were those of Victorian England which appreciated Raphael and disparaged Post-Impressionism. Her art criticism reflects that of Pater and Giovanni Morelli whom she read in the 1880s, and her friendship with the writer and art author Vernon Lee.
After her husband's death in 1915, Ady moved to Oxford and died there in 1924. Her daughter, Cecilia Ady (1881–1958) was also a Renaissance historian.
- Raphael in Rome. London: Seeley, 1895
- Beatrice d'Este, Duchess of Milan, 1475-1497: a Study of the Renaissance. 3rd edition. 1903
- Sandro Botticelli. London: Duckworth & Co., 1903
- Isabella d'Este, Marchioness of Mantua, 1474-1539: a Study of the Renaissance. 2 vols. New York : E.P. Dutton, 1903
- Baldassare Castiglione, the Perfect Courtier: his Life and Letters, 1478-1529. New York: E. P. Dutton and Co., 1908
- Christina of Denmark, Duchess of Milan and Lorraine, 1522-1590. London: J. Murray, 1913
- Italian Gardens of the Renaissance, and Other Studies. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1914
- Painters of Florence from the Thirteenth to the Sixteenth Century. New York, E. P. Dutton & Co., 1916
- Christ and his Mother in Italian Art. London: Bliss, Sands, 1917
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