Julia King, Baroness Brown of Cambridge
|The Baroness Brown of Cambridge
|Born||Julia Elizabeth King
11 July 1954
|Alma mater||University of Cambridge (BA, PhD)|
|Thesis||Fracture mechanisms in embrittled alloy steels (1979)|
Julia Elizabeth King, Baroness Brown of Cambridge, DBE, FREng (born 11 July 1954) has been the Vice-Chancellor of Aston University since 2006. In 2015, she became a crossbench member of the House of Lords.
King was born on 11 July 1954. She was educated at Godolphin and Latymer Girls' School and New Hall, Cambridge, and graduated from Cambridge with a first degree in natural sciences in 1975, then with a research degree, also from Cambridge, in fracture mechanics, graduating PhD in 1978.
King continued at Cambridge as a Rolls-Royce research fellow for 2 years before taking a post as a lecturer at the University of Nottingham from 1980 to 1987. In 1987 she became the first Royal Academy of Engineering Senior Research Fellow. She then returned to Cambridge, holding a series of research and teaching positions from 1987 to 1994. In 1994 she moved to Rolls Royce where she held a number of senior positions including Head of Materials, Managing Director of Fan Systems and Engineering Director of the Marine Business. She was appointed chief executive of the Institute of Physics in September 2002. From September 2004 to December 2006 she was Principal of the Engineering Faculty at Imperial College London, after which she joined Aston University as Vice-Chancellor.
King has held a number of senior public appointments and works closely with Government on education and technology issues. She is a member of the Committee on Climate Change, the Airports Commission, is the UK's Low Carbon Business Ambassador and was previously a non-executive Director of the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills.
She was an inaugural member of the Governing Board of the European Institute of Innovation and Technology and is a former member of the World Economic Forum Automotive Council. She was a Board member of the Engineering and Technology Board (now EngineeringUK) from 2004 to 2008 and led a Royal Academy of Engineering Working Party on "Educating Engineers for the 21st Century" which published its final report in June 2007. King has advised the Ministry of Defence as Chair of the Defence Science Advisory Council and the Cabinet Office as a member of the National Security Forum. She was also a non-executive member of the Technology Strategy Board for five years.
She was a non-executive Director of Angel Trains and is a non-executive director of the Green Investment Bank. She was a member of the Greater Birmingham and Solihull Local Enterprise Partnership, the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, and the Board of Universities UK, chairing its Innovation and Growth Policy Network.
King was appointed by Gordon Brown, the then Chancellor of the Exchequer, in March 2007 to lead the King Review to examine the vehicle and fuel technologies that, over the next 25 years, could help to reduce carbon emissions from road transport. The interim analytical report was published in October 2007, and the final recommendations in March 2008. She has published over 160 papers on fatigue and fracture in structural materials and developments in aerospace and marine propulsion technology, and has been awarded the Grunfeld, John Collier, Lunar Society, Constance Tipper, Bengough and Kelvin medals as well as the Erna Hamburger Prize and the 2012 President's Prize of the Engineering Professors' Council.
Honours and awards
In 1997 she was elected to Fellowship of the Royal Academy of Engineering and was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) for services to materials engineering in the 1999 Birthday Honours. She is a Liveryman of the Goldsmiths Company, an Honorary Graduate of Queen Mary, University of London, the University of Manchester, the University of Exeter and an Honorary Fellow of Murray Edwards College, Cambridge, Cardiff University and of the Institutions of Engineering and Technology, the Society for the Environment and the British Science Association. In 2006 she presented the Higginson Lecture. On 5 May 2010, she discussed the challenges and opportunities that surround low-carbon transport when she delivered the Institution of Chemical Engineers 6th John Collier memorial lecture. She is the UK government's low carbon business ambassador. She has been named as an Inspiring Women Engineer by the Royal Academy of Engineering She was promoted to Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire (DBE) in the 2012 Birthday Honours for services to higher education and technology.
On 13 October 2015 her appointment to become a life peer in the House of Lords was announced by the House of Lords Appointments Commission. She will sit as a Crossbencher. On 30 October 2015, her title was gazetted as Baroness Brown of Cambridge, of Cambridge in the County of Cambridgeshire.
- "Interview with Julia King • UK Centre for Materials Education".
- Kumai, S.; King, J. E.; Knott, J. F. (1990). "SHORT AND LONG FATIGUE CRACK GROWTH IN a SiC REINFORCED ALUMINIUM ALLOY". Fatigue & Fracture of Engineering Materials and Structures. 13 (5): 511. doi:10.1111/j.1460-2695.1990.tb00621.x.
- Julia King, Baroness Brown of Cambridge's publications indexed by the Scopus bibliographic database, a service provided by Elsevier. (subscription required)
- Davis, C. L.; King, J. E. (1994). "Cleavage initiation in the intercritically reheated coarse-grained heat-affected zone: Part I. Fractographic evidence". Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A. 25 (3): 563. doi:10.1007/BF02651598.
- Debrett's People of Today Julia King
- The Engineer Aston Vice-Chancellor Julia King
- 'King, Dame Julia (Elizabeth) (born 11 July 1954)' in Who's Who 2015 (London: A. & C. Black, 2015)
- "Vice-Chancellor of Aston University, Prof. Dame Julia King -".
- "Membership of the Committee".
- Airports Commission Julia King
- Press Release Aston University
- "Angel Trains new non-exec".
- Green Investment Bank
- "Vice Chancellor joins the GBSLEP Board".
- "EPSRC website".
- UUK Board
- Julia King career biography
- King Review of low-carbon cars issues analytical report
- "Aston Vice Chancellor awarded Lunar Society medal".
- "Vice Chancellor receives Achievement Award".
- The London Gazette: . 12 June 1999.
- Falklands War veteran Simon Weston, author and screenwriter Professor Jeanette Winterson and scientist and academic leader Professor Dame Julia King will be awarded honorary degrees at The University of Manchester, University of Manchester 2014-10-22
- Higginson Lecture speakers
- The Chemical Engineer, June 2010 page 24
- IChemE news 7 May 2010
- "Julia Elizabeth King".
- The London Gazette: . 16 June 2012.
- "Four new non-party-political peers". House of Lords Appointments Commission. Retrieved 13 October 2015.
- The London Gazette: . 5 November 2015. Retrieved 6 November 2015.
- "EPSRC Appointments Assurance Committee Members Conflicts of Interest 2014/15" (PDF). Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
Michael T. Wright
|Vice-Chancellor of Aston University