Julia Lubomirska

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Julia Lubomirska
Princess
Julia Potocka.jpg
Coat of arms Lubomirski
Consort Jan Potocki
Issue
Family Lubomirski
Father Stanisław Lubomirski
Mother Elżbieta Czartoryska
Born 1764
Died 1794
Kraków

Princess Julia Lubomirska (1764 – 22 August 1794) was a Polish noble lady.

She was the daughter of Izabela Lubomirska, one of the richest people in the Commonwealth and cousin of the king Stanisław August Poniatowski, and the Grand Marshal of the Crown Stanisław Lubomirski. She was considered one of the most beautiful women of her time, for which she was called "Guiliatta la bella".

In 1785[1] in Wilanów, she married Jan Nepomucen Potocki, travel writer best known for his novel The Manuscript Found in Saragossa and for being the first person in Poland to fly on a hot-air balloon. Soon after the wedding they went together to Italy, France, Britain, and the Netherlands for three years. During this time, she gave birth to Alfred and Artur while staying with her mother.

They returned in 1788, when Jan became an envoy at the Four-Year Sejm and Julia supported the Constitution of 3 May. It was during this time that she met Eustachy Erazm Sanguszko, also an envoy at said Sejm, with whom she had an affair well known socially. They were separated by his participation in the Polish–Russian War of 1792 and the Kościuszko Uprising, though they continued to correspond.[2] Following the triumph of Russia over the Constitution and the accession of the king to the Targowica Confederation, Julia and her husband returned to France, where he had links with the Jacobins. While there, she provided Tadeusz Kościuszko with organisational and financial help in January 1793.[3] After this, Jan went to Germany while Julia returned to Poland.

She died of tuberculosis, with her husband and two sons by her deathbed.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tracki, Krzysztof. ""Giuletta la bella" czyli rzecz o życiu oświeconej Polki". 
  2. ^ Marszalska, J. M. (1998). Eustachy Erazm Sanguszko i Julia z Lubomirskich Potocka na tle wydarzeń 1794 roku. Tarniny. 
  3. ^ Tracki, Krzysztof. ""Giuletta la bella" czyli rzecz o życiu oświeconej Polki". 
  4. ^ Tracki, Krzysztof. ""Giuletta la bella" czyli rzecz o życiu oświeconej Polki".