April 7, 1944
New York City, New York, U.S.
January 1, 2002 (aged 57)|
West Hollywood, California, U.S.
|Occupation||Film producer, author|
|Spouse(s)||Michael Phillips (1966–74)|
|Parent(s)||Tanya and Adolph Miller|
Julia Phillips (April 7, 1944 – January 1, 2002) was an American film producer and author. She co-produced with her husband, Michael (and others), three prominent films of the 1970s — The Sting, Taxi Driver, and Close Encounters of the Third Kind — and was the first female producer to win an Academy Award for Best Picture, for The Sting.
In 1991, Phillips published an infamous tell-all memoir of her years as a Hollywood producer, entitled You'll Never Eat Lunch in This Town Again, which became a bestseller.
Born Julia Miller to a Polish Jewish family in New York City, the daughter of Tanya and Adolph Miller. Her father was a chemical engineer who worked on the atomic bomb project; her mother was a writer who became addicted to prescription drugs. She grew up in Brooklyn, Great Neck, New York, and Milwaukee. In 1965, she received a bachelor's degree in political science from Mount Holyoke College and in 1966, she married Michael Phillips. After school, she worked as book section editor at the Ladies' Home Journal and then as a story editor for Paramount Pictures. In 1971, she and her husband, who had been a securities analyst for two years, moved to California to produce their first film, Steelyard Blues with Jane Fonda and Donald Sutherland, released in 1973.
In 1972, Phillips along with her husband, Michael Phillips, and producer Tony Bill commissioned David S. Ward to write the screenplay, The Sting, for $3,500. In 1973, The Sting won the Academy Award for Best Picture and made Phillips the first woman to win an Oscar as a producer (an award shared by Tony Bill and Phillips' then-husband Michael Phillips). In 1977, Taxi Driver, produced by the Phillipses, was nominated for Best Picture. Her third major film, Close Encounters of the Third Kind, was produced with Michael Phillips. One of the film's stars, François Truffaut, publicly criticized Phillips as incompetent, a charge she rejected, writing that she had essentially nursed Truffaut through his self-created nightmare of implied hearing loss, sickness and chaos during the production. Phillips was also a notorious drug user (cocaine especially), which she herself chronicled in detail in her memoirs. The side-effects of cocaine addiction caused her to be fired from Close Encounters of the Third Kind during post-production. Periods of drug abuse, gratuitous spending, and damaging boyfriends took their toll over the next several years before the publication of her first memoir.
Phillips's early work in a producing team with her husband continues to receive acclaim within the industry. Twenty-five years after its Oscar success, The Sting was inducted into the Producers Guild of America's Hall of Fame, granting each of its producers a Golden Laurel Award. In June 2007, Taxi Driver was ranked as the 52nd-best American feature film of all time by the American Film Institute. In December 2007, Close Encounters was deemed "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant" by the United States Library of Congress and selected for preservation in the National Film Registry.
In 1991, Phillips published You'll Never Eat Lunch in This Town Again about her experiences in Hollywood. The book topped the New York Times bestseller list, but its revelations about high-profile film personalities, Hollywood's drug culture, and casting couch sensibilities drew ire from many former colleagues. Her follow-up book, Driving Under the Affluence, was released in 1995. It was mostly an account of how the success of her first book changed her life. In 2000, she also helped Matt Drudge write his Drudge Manifesto.
Phillips died in West Hollywood, California, at the age of 57, from cancer on New Year's Day, 2002, and was interred in the Hillside Memorial Park Cemetery in Culver City, California. She has one daughter, Kate Phillips-Wiczyk, who is married to Modi Wiczyk, co-founder of independent film and television studio Media Rights Capital.
- 1973 - Steelyard Blues
- 1973 - The Sting
- 1976 - Taxi Driver
- 1976 - The Big Bus (Co-Executive Producer)
- 1977 - Close Encounters of the Third Kind
- 1988 - The Beat (1988)
- New York Times: "Julia Phillips, 57, Producer Who Assailed Hollywood, Dies" By BERNARD WEINRAUB January 3, 2002 | "You can't imagine what a trip it is for a nice Jewish girl from Great Neck to win an Academy Award and meet Elizabeth Taylor in the same night."
- Chicago Tribune: "Hollywood Story Of 'Highs' And Lows" by Frank Sanello March 24, 1991
- New York Magazine: "The Sting of Success" January 27, 1975
- The Guardian: "How we made ... Michael Phillips and David S Ward on The Sting" by Ben Child June 4, 2012
- *Phillips, Julia (1991). You'll Never Eat Lunch in This Town Again. New York: Random House. ISBN 0-394-57574-1. p 274 et seq.
- *Morton, Ray (2007). Close Encounters of the Third Kind: The Making of Steven Spielberg's Classic Film. New York: Applause Theater & Cinema Books. ISBN 978-1-55783-710-3. p 259
- Producers Guild of America Awards 1997
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on September 27, 2007. Retrieved October 20, 2007.
- "Librarian of Congress Announces National Film Registry Selections for 2007" (Press release). Library of Congress. December 27, 2007.
- Matt Drudge and Julia Phillips (2000). "Drudge Manifesto, Chapter one online". Denver Post. Retrieved March 2, 2007.
- Silverman, Stephen M. (January 3, 2002). "Hollywood Iconoclast Phillips Dies".