Julia Riley

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Julia M. Riley (née Hill) is a British astrophysicist

Personal and professional background[edit]

Riley is a Fellow of Girton College associated with the Cavendish Astrophysics Group at University of Cambridge. Here primary field of research is in the area of radio astronomy. Riley lectures and supervises physics within the Natural Sciences Tripos at the University of Cambridge. She is the daughter of British marine geophysicist Maurice Hill and granddaughter of Nobel Prize–winning physiologist Archibald Vivian Hill.

Fanaroff-Riley type I and II[edit]

In 1974, along with Fanaroff, she wrote a much-acclaimed paper classifying radio galaxies into two types based on their morphology (shape). Fanaroff and Riley's classification became known as Fanaroff-Riley type I and II of radio galaxies (FRI and FRII). In FRI sources the major part of the radio emission comes from closer to the centre of the source, whereas in FRII sources the major part of the emission comes from hotspots set away from the centre (see active galaxies).

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