Julian Alfred Steyermark

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Julian Alfred Steyermark (January 27, 1909 – October 15, 1988) was an American botanist. His focus was on New World vegetation, and he specialized in the family Rubiaceae.[1]

Life and work[edit]

Julian Alfred Steyermark was born in St. Louis, Missouri as the only child of the businessman Leo L. Steyermark and Mamie I. Steyermark (née Isaacs).[2] He studied at the Henry Shaw School of Botany at Washington University in St. Louis, where he completed his Ph.D. in 1933. His distinguished career included the Field Museum of Chicago, the Instituto Botánico of Caracas, and he was with the Missouri Botanical Garden in St. Louis from 1984 until his death. Steyermark's major works were his Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana, Flora of Missouri, and his Flora of Guatemala.

During his life, Steyermark collected over 130,000 plants in twenty-six countries, which earned him an entry in the Guinness Book of World Records.[3] He made the initial descriptions of 2,392 taxa of plants, including one family, 38 genera, and 1,864 species.[3] The standard author abbreviation Steyerm. is used to indicate Steyermark when citing a botanical name.[4] The plant genus Steyermarkia was named in his honor.[5]

Steyermark is commemorated in the scientific name of a species of South American snake, Atractus steyermarki.[6]

Major works[edit]

  • Flora of Missouri (1963) Ames, Iowa: The Iowa State University Press. ISBN 0-8138-0655-0.
  • Bromeliaceae of Venezuela with Francisco Oliva-Esteva (1987) Caracas, Venezuela: Graficas Armitano, C. A. ISBN 978-980-216-020-4

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "International Code of Botanical Nomenclature (Saint Louis Code), Electronic version". International Association for Plant Taxonomy. 2000. Retrieved November 14, 2007.
  2. ^ Gerrit Davidse (1989). "Julian Alfred Steyermark". Taxon. 38 (1): 160–163. JSTOR 1220929.
  3. ^ a b Mary Susan Taylor (1989). "Plant taxa described by Julian A. Steyermark". Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden. 76 (3): 652–780. doi:10.2307/2399648. JSTOR 2399648.
  4. ^ "Steyermark, Julian Alfred (1909–1988)". Author Details. International Plant Names Index. Retrieved August 7, 2011.
  5. ^ Fritz Encke; Günther Buchheim; Siegmund Seybold; Robert Zander, eds. (1984). Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen (13th ed.). Stuttgart: Ulmer. ISBN 978-3-8001-5017-5.
  6. ^ Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. ("Steyermark", p. 254).

Further reading[edit]

  • Anonymous (1989). "Dedication to Julian Steyermark". Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden. 76 (3): frontispiece. JSTOR 2399646.
  • Raven, P.H. (1989). "Steyermark recollections". Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden. 76 (3): 627–651. doi:10.2307/2399647. JSTOR 2399647.