|Elevation||2,864 m (9,396 ft)|
Julian Alps (in red) within the Alps.
The borders of the range according to
Alpine Club classification of the Eastern Alps
|Countries||Italy and Slovenia|
|Parent range||Southern Limestone Alps|
The Julian Alps (Slovene: Julijske Alpe, Italian: Alpi Giulie, Venetian: Alpe Jułie, Friulian: Alps Juliis) are a mountain range of the Southern Limestone Alps that stretch from northeastern Italy to Slovenia, where they rise to 2,864 m at Mount Triglav, the highest peak in Slovenia and of the former Yugoslavia. A large part of the Julian Alps is included in Triglav National Park. The second highest peak of the range, the 2,755 m high Jôf di Montasio, lies in Italy.
The Julian Alps were known in antiquity as Alpe Iulia, and also attested as Alpes Juliana c. AD 670, Alpis Julia c. 734, and Alpes Iulias in 1090. Like the municipium of Forum Julii (now Cividale del Friuli) at the foot of the mountains, the range was named after Julius Caesar of the Julian clan, perhaps due to a road built by Julius Caesar and completed by Augustus.
Eastern Julian Alps
There are many peaks in the Eastern Julian Alps over 2,000 m high, and they are mainly parts of ridges. The most prominent peaks are visible by their height and size. There are high plains on the eastern border like Pokljuka, Mežakla and Jelovica.
The main peaks by height are the following:
- Triglav 2,864 m (9,396 ft) – the highest mountain and on the coat of arms of Slovenia
- Škrlatica 2,740 m (8,990 ft)
- Mangart 2,679 m (8,789 ft)
- Jalovec 2,645 m (8,678 ft)
- Razor 2,601 m (8,533 ft)
- Kanjavec 2,568 m (8,425 ft)
- Prisojnik 2,546 m (8,353 ft)
- Rjavina 2,532 m (8,307 ft)
- Prestreljenik 2,499 m (8,199 ft)
- Špik 2,472 m (8,110 ft)
- Tosc 2,275 m (7,464 ft)
- Krn 2,244 m (7,362 ft)
Western Julian Alps
The Western Julian Alps cover a much smaller area, and are located mainly in Italy. Only the Kanin group lies in part in Slovenia. The main peaks by height are:
- Jôf di Montasio (2,755 m or 9,039 ft)
- Jôf Fuart (2,666 m or 8,747 ft)
- High Mount Kanin (2,582 m or 8,471 ft)
Important passes of the Julian Alps are:
- The Vršič Pass, 1,611 m (5,826 feet), links the Sava and Soča valleys. It is the highest mountain road pass in Slovenia.
- The Predil Pass (links Villach via Tarvisio and Bovec to Gorizia), paved road 1,156 m (3,792 feet)
- The Pontebba Pass (links Villach via Tarvisio and Pontebba to Udine), railway, paved road, 797 m (2,615 feet)
The Krnica Valley near Kranjska Gora
- Italian Julian Alps
- Triglav Lakes Valley
- List of mountains in Slovenia
- Slovenian Mountain Hiking Trail
- "Julian Alps | mountains, Europe".
- Snoj, Marko (2009). Etimološki slovar slovenskih zemljepisnih imen. Ljubljana: Modrijan. pp. 44–45.
- Smith, William (1857). Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, vol. 2. Boston: Little, Brown, and Company. p. 102.
- Waring, Samuel Miller (1819). The Traveller's Fire-Side; a Series of Papers on Switzerland, the Alps, Etc. London: Baldwin, Cradock, and Joy. pp. 30–31.
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