William Edward Julian Cayo-Evans
22 April 1937
Silian, Ceredigion, Wales
|Died||28 March 1995 (aged 57)|
Silian, Ceredigion, Wales
|Known for||Leader of the Free Wales Army|
Born at 'Glandenys', Silian, near Lampeter, where he also died, Cayo-Evans was educated at the independent, co-educational Millfield School in the village of Street in Somerset, England. His father was John Cayo Evans, a professor of mathematics at St David's College, Lampeter and High Sheriff of Cardiganshire in the period 1941–42. In 1955, he was conscripted for National Service, serving with the South Wales Borderers and saw active service, fighting Communist guerrillas in Malaya during the bitter Malayan emergency. On his return, he attended the Royal Agricultural College in Cirencester, and after a period as colonial administrator in British India returned to Lampeter to breed palomino and appaloosa horses on his stud farm.
He married Gillianne Mary Davies in 1965. They had three children and divorced in 1975.
Best known as a leader of the Free Wales Army, Cayo-Evans appears to have become inspired during the early 1960s, especially during the building of the Tryweryn reservoir. He was 'active' in the FWA during the 1960s and along with two other members of the FWA, Dennis Coslett and Gethyn Ap Iestyn (aka Gethin ap Gruffydd), was convicted of conspiracy to cause explosions and other public order offences following a 53-day trial in 1969. He was sentenced to fifteen months imprisonment, though some sources suggest thirteen months.
Security services' files from the UK National Archives described Cayo-Evans having "a mental age of 12", and Coslett, his second-in-command, as "unbalanced". The documents said that authorities[which?] did not regard the Free Wales Army as a serious threat at the time.
Print and performance
In April 2002 Sgript Cymru produced a play by Dic Edwards based on Julian Cayo-Evans. “Franco's Bastard” at Chapter in Cardiff aroused both interest and protest.
Wyn Thomas published a history of the Free Wales Army "Hands Off Wales" in 2013. 
In popular culture
In March 2008, Anhrefn Records released (on Anrhefn 018) a recording of Cayo-Evans playing his accordion and talking between songs, mainly introducing them. The album is titled Marching songs of the Free Wales Army.
- Lyn Ebenezer. "Cayo Evans" (in Welsh). BBC Cymru.
- Tony Heath (31 May 1995). "Obituary: Julian Cayo Evans". The Independent. Retrieved 23 October 2010.
- "Julian Cayo Evans". BBC Wales. 28 December 2006.
- WalesOnline (30 March 2005). "Cayo Evans? His mental age is 'about 12 years'". walesonline. Retrieved 11 June 2020.
- Cavendish, Dominic (16 April 2002). "Daily Telegraph".
- Somerset, Adam (26 April 2013). "Theatre-Wales".
- Geoffrey Gibbs (6 July 2000). "Tory anger over Welsh pub name". The Guardian.
- Julian Cayo-Evans at The Dictionary of Welsh Biography (published 2016)