Julian of Cuenca
|Saint Julian of Cuenca|
Saint Julian of Cuenca, by Eugenio Cajes
|Bishop of Cuenca|
|Died||January 28, 1208
|Venerated in||Roman Catholic Church|
|Canonized||October 18, 1594 by Pope Clement VIII|
|Major shrine||cathedral of Cuenca|
|Attributes||bishop making baskets, with his mitre and crozier lying nearby|
|Patronage||invoked for rain; basket-weavers; Cuenca, Spain; diocese of Cuenca, Spain|
Born in Burgos, he studied at the cathedral school there and then studied at the university at Palencia, earning his doctorate there. He was appointed professor of philosophy and theology there in 1153.
In 1163, at the age of 35, he left Palencia to live a life of solitude in a modest house outside of Burgos, located on the banks of the Arlanzón. He was ordained (in 1166) and received minor orders, and together with a young companion, Lesmes, lived a life of mortification and contemplation.
Subsequently, he and Lesmes took to the road as itinerant preachers, reaching Córdoba and Toledo (in 1191). The archbishop of Toledo, Martín II López de Pisuerga, appointed Julian as archdeacon at Toledo. Along with his administrative duties, Julian continued preaching as well as making baskets in order to raise money for the poor. Julian served for 5 years as archdeacon at Toledo.
Juan Yáñez, the first bishop of Cuenca, died on December 14, 1195; Julian was chosen by Alfonso VIII of Castile to succeed Yáñez in June 1196. The diocese of Cuenca had been established in 1183 after the city of Cuenca had been conquered from the Moors by Alfonso VIII on September 21, 1177.
As bishop, Julian continued his preaching, reformed the practices of the local clergy, and did charity work for the Christians, Jews, and Muslims of his city. On a yearly basis, he would retire to the country to live a life of solitude and contemplation, and continued his habit of making baskets.
Julian died on January 28, 1208.
He is co-patron of the Cathedral of Cuenca along with the Virgin Mary. Julian was canonized by Pope Clement VIII on October 18, 1594. Julian’s relics were placed in a casket underneath the altar dedicated to him in the cathedral of Cuenca. The relics were authenticated by Bishop Inocencio Rodríguez Díez, who was bishop from 1943 to 1973.
- Aristeo del Rey Palomero (n.d.). "San Julián". Mercaba.org. Retrieved April 28, 2009.
- "Julian of Cuenca". Patron Saints Index. n.d. Retrieved April 28, 2009.
- ? (n.d.). "The National Inventory of Continental European Paintings". The National Inventory of Continental European Paintings. Retrieved April 28, 2009.
- Benedictine Monks, Book of the Saints (Kessinger Publishing, 2003), p. 156.