Julian of Halicarnassus

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Theatre of Halicarnassus in modern Bodrum, with the crusader Bodrum Castle seen in the background.

Julian of Halicarnassus (d. after 527) was an anti-Chalcedonian theologian who contested with Severus of Antioch.[1] His followers were known as the Aphthartodocetae. [2]

Julian believed "that the body of Christ, from the very moment of his conception, was incorruptible, immortal and impassible, as it was after the resurrection, and held that the suffering and death on the cross was a miracle contrary to the normal conditions of Christ's humanity", [3] known as aphthartodocetism. [4]


  1. ^ Cyril Hovorun, Will, Action and Freedom: Christological Controversies in the Seventh Century (Leiden, Brill, 2008, ISBN 978-90-04-16666-0). Page 28: "Julian of Halicarnassus. One such question was raised by Julian, bishop of Halicarnassus (d. after 527). Like Severus, Julian believed in the single dominating divine energeia of Christ. He developed the initial Severan concept of the single energeia and single property into an original teaching about Christ's uncorrupt body."
  2. ^ John Meyendorff, Byzantine Theology: historical trends & doctrinal themes, page 157 (Fordham University Press, 1979). ISBN 0-8232-0967-9
  3. ^ Mary Clayton, The Apocryphal Gospels of Mary in Anglo-Saxon England, page 43 (Cambridge University Press, 2004). ISBN 0-521-58168-0
  4. ^ Susan R. Holman (editor), Wealth and Poverty In Early Church and Society, page 109 (Baker Academic, 2008). ISBN 978-0-8010-3549-4