Juliana Republic

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Coordinates: 28°28′S 48°46′W / 28.467°S 48.767°W / -28.467; -48.767

Juliana Republic
República Juliana
1839–1839
Flag of the Catarinense Republic
Flag
Coat of arms of the Catarinense Republic
Coat of arms
Motto: Liberdade, Igualdade, Humanidade
(Portuguese for "Liberty, Equality, Humanity.")
Location of Santa Catarina in present day Brazil
Location of Santa Catarina in present day Brazil
StatusUnrecognized state
CapitalLaguna
Common languagesPortuguese
GovernmentPresidential republic
President 
• 29 July–7 August
David Canabarro
• 7 August–15 November
Vicente Ferreira dos Santos Cordeiro
History 
• Established
29 July 1839
• Disestablished
15 November 1839
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Empire of Brazil
Empire of Brazil
Today part ofBrazil

The Juliana Republic (Portuguese: República Juliana) or Catarinense Republic (República Catarinense), officially the Free and Independent Catharinense Republic (República Catharinense Livre e Independente),[1] was a revolutionary state that existed between 29 July and 15 November 1839, in the province of Santa Catarina of the Empire of Brazil. The Republic was proclaimed in an extension of the Ragamuffin War started in the neighboring province of Rio Grande do Sul, where the Riograndense Republic had already been created.

Forces of the revolutionary Riograndense Republic, led by General David Canabarro and Italian revolutionary Giuseppe Garibaldi, with help from the local population, conquered the harbor city of Laguna on 22 July 1839, in a battle known as the "Capture of Laguna" (Tomada de Laguna).[2] The Catarinense Republic was then proclaimed on 29 July, at the city's municipal chamber.[3] Canabarro assumed temporarily the office of president until an electoral college was assembled and elections were held on 7 August. For president and vice president were elected, respectively, Joaquim Xavier Neves, a Lieutenant-colonel of the National Guard of São José, and his uncle, the priest Vicente Ferreira dos Santos Cordeiro, who assumed the presidential office due to a blockade by the Imperial Army that prevented Joaquim Xavier Neves from reaching Laguna.[4]

The rebels could not conquer the provincial capital of Nossa Senhora do Desterro (present-day Florianópolis), because their naval forces were found and destroyed by the Imperial Brazilian Navy at Massiambu River (on the continent, south of Santa Catarina Island) while the rebels were preparing to attack Nossa Senhora do Desterro. Chiefly because of this, the Juliana Republic lasted for only four months. In November, imperial forces took the Julian capital of Laguna.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sistema Nacional de Bibliotecas Públicas. "Museu Histórico Anita Garibaldi" (in Portuguese). Retrieved 10 May 2021.
  2. ^ MEMÓRIA POLÍTICA DE SANTA CATARINA (2020). "Biografia Vicente Ferreira dos Santos Cordeiro" (in Portuguese). Retrieved 10 May 2021.
  3. ^ Meirinho, Jali (1979). A República em Santa Catarina (Thesis). Florianópolis: Federal University of Santa Catarina.
  4. ^ MEMÓRIA POLÍTICA DE SANTA CATARINA (2020). "Biografia David Canabarro" (in Portuguese). Retrieved 10 May 2021.