Julie (mango)

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Mangifera 'Julie'
GenusMangifera
SpeciesMangifera indica
Cultivar'Julie'

The 'Julie' mango, also called 'Saint Julian', is a named mango cultivar that was made popular in the Caribbean.

History[edit]

The origins of Julie are uncertain but recent genetic studies show that it possibly descended from cultivars introduced to the Caribbean through Jamaica from Réunion,[1] although its monoembryonic trait suggests it is descended from the Indian line of mangoes.

Julie was recognized for its outstanding flavor and dwarf growth habit. It was introduced to the United States via south Florida by Lawrence Zill,[2] a nurseryman and horticulturalist known for producing new mango varieties. Several Florida varieties are descended directly or indirectly from Julie, including 'Sophie Fry', 'Gary' and 'Carrie'.[3] Julie is also the parent of 'Graham', a variety from Trinidad.

The cultivar proved to be difficult to adapt to the humid climate of Florida, however, and was very susceptible to fungus, making it unsuitable for commercial growing. Nevertheless, the variety was sold as nursery stock for home growing and continues to be done so on a limited scale. It remains a popular variety in the West Indies, where it is often referred to as 'Saint Julian' mango.

Julie trees are part of the collections of the USDA's germplasm repository in Miami, Florida,[4][5] the University of Florida's Tropical Research and Education Center[6] in Homestead, Florida, and the Miami-Dade Fruit and Spice Park,[7] also in Homestead.

Description[edit]

The fruit is small, averaging less than a pound in weight at maturity. Skin color is green with some crimson blush. The fruit has a somewhat unusual shape that is ovate with a distinctive flattened side. The flesh is juicy and not fibrous, with a deep orange color and a very rich flavor. It contains a monoembryonic seed. In Florida the fruit typical ripen from June to July.[8]

The tree is famous for its small dwarfing growth habit. Julie trees are very slow growing and in South Florida is able to maintain a height around 10 ft without pruning. In the Caribbean though, there are Julie mango trees that are over 30 ft tall.

The 30th legislature of the United States Virgin Islands passed a resolution declaring the Julie mango as the "Virgin Islands Fruit of Choice".

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://caribfruits.cirad.fr/content/download/936/6182/file/Genetic%20diversity%20of%20Carribbean%20mangoes.pdf[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/morton/mango_ars.html
  3. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-06-18. Retrieved 2010-05-08.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/acc/display.pl?1554798 Archived 2009-05-08 at the Wayback Machine USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN). [Online Database] National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
  5. ^ http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/acc/display.pl?1751616 Archived 2009-05-08 at the Wayback Machine USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN). [Online Database] National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
  6. ^ http://trec.ifas.ufl.edu/crane/pdfs/TREC-Fruit-Collections.pdf
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-07-11. Retrieved 2010-11-14.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/mg216 Table 1