Julien Hudson

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Julien Hudson
Self portrait by Julien Hudson, New Orleans, 1839
BornJanuary 9, 1811 (1811-01-09)
New Orleans, United States of America
Died1844 (1845)
New Orleans, United States of America

Julien Hudson (January 9, 1811 – 1844)[1] was a 19th-century free man of color who lived in New Orleans. He was a successful painter and art teacher. He is known as the first African American or French Creole of Color operating in America by whom a self-portrait has been found.[2]


Portrait of a Creole Gentleman, 1835-1387, Dallas Museum of Art

Julien Hudson was born on January 9, 1811, in New Orleans. His father, John T. Hudson, was a British ship chandler and ironmonger. His mother, Suzanne Desiree Marcos, was a free New Orleans quadroon (of Caucasian and African origins). Before studying painting, Julien Hudson briefly was a tailor’s apprentice in the mid-1820s. He then studied with Antoine Meucci, an itinerant miniaturist painter, between 1826 and 1827. Hudson’s learning then continued in Paris with well-known artist Alexandre Abel de Pujol (after 1827).[1] After returning to New Orleans, Hudson opened his own studio on Bienville Street in 1831. During this time, many free men of color became professional artists, musicians or writers.

Julien Hudson died in 1844 in New Orleans.



  • In Search of Julien Hudson: Free Artist of Color in Pre–Civil War New Orleans, The Historic New Orleans Collection.
  • Patricia Brady, "A Mixed Palette: Free Artists of Color of Antebellum New Orleans", The International Review of African American Art: 19th Century African American Fine and Craft Arts of the South, Hampton University Museum, Virginia, Volume 12, No. 3, pp. 5–8.
  • Driskell, David C., Two Hundred Year of African American Art, Los Angeles and New York: Los Angeles County Museum and Alfred A. Knopf, 1976.

External links[edit]