Juliet of the Spirits
|Juliet of the Spirits|
|Directed by||Federico Fellini|
|Screenplay by||Federico Fellini|
|Story by||Federico Fellini|
|Produced by||Angelo Rizzoli|
|Cinematography||Gianni Di Venanzo|
|Edited by||Ruggero Mastroianni|
|Music by||Nino Rota|
|144 minutes (Original Italian release)|
Juliet of the Spirits (Italian: Giulietta degli spiriti) is a 1965 Italian-French fantasy comedy-drama film directed by Federico Fellini and starring Giulietta Masina, Sandra Milo, Mario Pisu, Valentina Cortese, and Valeska Gert. The film is about the visions, memories, and mysticism that help a middle-aged woman find the strength to leave her philandering husband. The film uses "caricatural types and dream situations to represent a psychic landscape." It was Fellini's first feature-length color film, but followed his use of color in The Temptation of Doctor Antonio episode in the portmanteau film Boccaccio '70 (1962). Juliet of the Spirits won the 1966 Golden Globe Award for Best Foreign Language Film. Woody Allen loosely adapted it with his 1990 film Alice.
Giulietta attempts to deal with her mundane life and philandering, oppressive husband, Giorgio, by exploring the odd lifestyle of a glamorous neighbour, Suzy, and through dreams, visions and fantasies. As she taps into her desires (and her demons) she slowly gains greater self-awareness, leading to independence, although, according to Masina (Fellini's wife), the ending's meaning is debatable.
- Giulietta Masina as Giulietta Boldrini
- Sandra Milo as Suzy / Iris / Fanny
- Mario Pisu as Giorgio, Giulietta's husband
- Valentina Cortese as Valentina
- Valeska Gert as Pijma
- José De Villalonga as Giorgio's friend
- Fredrich Ledebur as Headmaster / Saint
- Caterina Boratto as Giulietta's mother
- Lou Gilbert as Grandfather
- Luisa Della Noce as Adele
- Silvana Jachino as Dolores
- Milena Vukotic as Elisabeta, the maid
- Fred Williams as Lynx-Eyes' agent
- Dany París as Desperate friend
- Anne Francine as Psychodramatist
- Sylva Koscina as Sylva
- Elena Fondra as Elena
- George Ardisson as Dolores' model
- Genius as Medium
- Elisabetta Gray as Teresina, the tall maid
- Alberto Plebani as Lynx-Eyes
- Yvonne Casadei as Susy's maid
- Mario Conocchia as Lawyer
- Federico Valli as Lynx-Eyes' agent
- Sabrina Di Sepio as Granddaughter
- Asoka Rubener as Bhisma's helper
- Alba Cancellieri as Giulietta as a child
- Sujata Rubener as Bhisma's helper
- Cesarino Miceli Picardi as Friend of Giorgio
Fellini's longtime musical collaborator Nino Rota composed the soundtrack. Until his death in 1979, Rota wrote the music for every Fellini film except his directorial debut, Variety Lights. The music in Juliet of the Spirits contains circus themes, as in Fellini's 8½, and also uses organ, cocktail piano, guitar, saxophones, and voices without words to convey Juliet's shifts in feeling. The soundtrack was mentioned in a profile of the actor Steve Buscemi, which notes that "a Victrola sits in [Buscemi's] dining room, with the theme music for 'Juliet of the Spirits' permanently on its turntable."
Awards and nominations
This section needs additional citations for verification. (June 2018)
- 1965 Golden Lion at 26th Venice International Film Festival Nominee
- 1965 New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Foreign Language Film Won
- 1966 David di Donatello Award for Best Actress (Giulietta Masina) Won
- 1966 Golden Globe Award for Best Foreign-Language Foreign Film Won
- 1966 Italian National Syndicate of Film Journalists Silver Ribbon for Best Cinematography, Color (Gianni Di Venanzo)
- 1966 Italian National Syndicate of Film Journalists Silver Ribbon for Best Production Design (Piero Gherardi) Won
- 1966 Italian National Syndicate of Film Journalists Silver Ribbon for Best Supporting Actress (Sandra Milo) Won
- 1966 National Board of Review Award for Best Foreign Language Film Won
- 1966 National Board of Review Award for Top Foreign Film Won
- 1967 Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Director (Federico Fellini) Won
- 1967 Sant Jordi Award for Best Foreign Film (Federico Fellini) Won
On Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an approval rating of 79% based on 28 reviews, with an average rating of 7.3/10. On Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating to reviews, the film's rerelease has a weighted average score of 83 out of 100, based on 9 critics, indicating "universal acclaim".
In The New York Times, Stephen Holden wrote of a revival in 2001: "Fellini went deliriously and brilliantly bananas with the color to create a rollicking through-the-looking-glass series of tableaus evoking a woman's troubled psyche." Roger Ebert gave the film four stars out of four and included it in his 2001 list of "The Great Movies". Kevin Thomas of Los Angeles Times praised the film, writing, "Federico Fellini’s 1965 Juliet of the Spirits remains a timeless, major work of a master, a portrait of a dutiful wife plunged into crisis that triggers her spiritual awakening. With Fellini’s own wife, the great Giulietta Masina, as Juliet, and with his unique command of fantasy and spectacle in full force, Juliet of the Spirits, Fellini’s first film in color, is at once an eye-popping display of bravura and a work of compassionate insight."
- "JULIET OF THE SPIRITS (15)". British Board of Film Classification. 26 January 1966. Retrieved 26 January 2013.
- "Juliet of the Spirits". IMDb. Retrieved 29 April 2012.
- Constantini, 188
- Billy Stevenson (15 October 2016). "Mia of the Spirits: Woody Allen's Alice (1990)". Bright Lights Film Journal. Retrieved 6 September 2020.
- Ebert, Roger (5 August 2001). "Reviews – Great Movie – Juliet of the Spirits (1965)". RogerEbert.com. Retrieved 4 July 2014.
- "Full cast and crew for Juliet of the Spirits". IMDb. Retrieved 29 April 2012.
- "Locations for Juliet of the Spirits". IMDb. Retrieved 29 April 2012.
- Cook, Stephen. "Nino Rota: Guilletta degli Spiriti [Original Motion Picture Soundtrack] – Review". AllMusic. Retrieved 17 December 2017.
- Lahr, John (14 November 2005). "The Thin Man – Profile of Steve Buscemi". The New Yorker. Vol. 14 November 2005. p. 80.
- "Awards for Juliet of the Spirits". IMDb. Retrieved 29 April 2012.
- "Juliet of the Spirits (Giulietta degli Spiriti) (2018)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
- "Juliet of the Spirits Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
- Holden, Stephen (18 May 2001). "Rediscovering Color in a Fellini Fantasy". The New York Times. Retrieved 25 October 2016.
- "Juliet of the Spirits movie review". rogerebert.com. 5 August 2001.
- "Fantasy and Spectacle Lend a Timelessness to 'Juliet of the Spirits'". Los Angeles Times. 29 June 2001.
- Juliet of the Spirits at IMDb
- Juliet of the Spirits at AllMovie
- Juliet of the Spirits at the TCM Movie Database
- Juliet of the Spirits at Metacritic
- Juliet of the Spirits – Posters
- Juliet of the Spirits – Review: Roger Ebert (2001; Great Movie)
- Juliet of the Spirits – Review: Bosley Crowther (1965; NYT)
- Juliet of the Spirits – Essay: John Baxter (Criterion Collection)