Juliette Derricotte (April 1, 1897 in Athens, Georgia - November 7, 1931 in Chattanooga, Tennessee) was an African-American educator and political activist whose death after receiving racist treatment after a fatal car accident sparked outrage in the African-American community. At the time of her death she was Dean of Women at Fisk University.
She was born the fifth of nine children of Isaac Derricotte and Laura Derricotte, a cobbler and a seamstress. As a child, she was hopeful of attending the local Institute and was crushed when her mother told her she would be unable due to her color. This event helped shape her perception of the world and her desire to change people’s racial prejudices.
Education and career
Her drive for education helped land her in Talladega College, where she ended up getting a scholarship for her public speaking. After she graduated in 1918, she enrolled at the Young Women's Christian Association (YWCA) Training School. She then became the YWCA secretary of the National Student Council. Her responsibilities included visiting colleges, planning conferences, and fostering ideas and leadership. She is credited with recreating the council in ideology, helping it become more balanced, open, and most importantly, interracial. Derricotte was an active member of Delta Sigma Theta, she was affiliated with the sorority's first graduate chapter in New York City. After her death Delta established a scholarship fund in her honor, it would be awarded to members of the sorority who are employed in the social work field. In 1924, Derricotte became a member of the World Student Christian Federation and began traveling the world as a delegate representing American colleges. In 1927, she received a master's degree in religious education from Columbia University. She resigned her YWCA position in 1929 to become Dean of Women at Fisk University.
Derricotte died in a traffic accident in 1931. While riding in a car driven by a student, they collided with a white couple. Both Derricotte and the student were seriously injured. Although they received emergency treatment from white doctors, they were refused admittance to the local hospital because they were black. They were moved to a local woman’s house, and both died by morning. This triggered national outrage and several investigations, one involving the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.
In the 1930s, Sue Bailey Thurman who had been inspired by Derricotte's ideas about learning and travel, established a scholarship fund, the Juliette Derricotte Scholarship, which allowed African American undergraduate women of high academic achievement to study and travel abroad. One of the recipients of her scholarship was Margaret Bush Wilson, who revived the fund decades later.
- Rummel, Jack (2003). African-American Social Leaders and Activists. Facts On File. p. 55. ISBN 0-8160-4840-1.
- Anthony III, David (2006). Max Yergan. NYU Press. pp. 128–131.
- Jones, William M (2007). The Will of Man. Xlibris Corporation. p. 29. ISBN 978-1-4257-9683-9.
- Lauren Kientz Anderson, “A Nauseating Sentiment, a Magical Device, or a Real Insight? Interracialism at Fisk University in 1930” in Higher Education for African Americans Before the Civil Rights Era, 1900-1964, edited by Marybeth Gasman and Roger L. Geiger, 75-111. Perspectives on the History of Higher Education. Vol 29. 2012. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers, 2012.
- Lewis, David Levering (2001). W. E. B. Du Bois, 1919-1963: The Fight for Equality and the American Century. Holt Paperbacks. pp. 297, 298. ISBN 978-0-8050-6813-9.
- DiMauro, Susan (March 27, 2013). "The Juliette Derricotte Scholarship: From the Desk of Margaret Bush Wilson". Washington University Libraries. St. Louis, Missouri: Washington University. Retrieved 4 August 2015.
- Marion Cuthbert (1936). Juliette Derricotte. New York: The Womans Press.
- Alkalimat, Abdul (2004). The African American Experience in Cyberspace. Pluto Press. ISBN 0-7453-2222-0.
- Encyclopedia of World Biography
- Notable African American Women