|Infielder / Designated hitter|
August 23, 1958 |
Hato Mayor, Dominican Republic
|April 23, 1982, for the Philadelphia Phillies|
|Last MLB appearance|
|September 17, 2007, for the Atlanta Braves|
|Runs batted in||1,194|
|Career highlights and awards|
Julio César Robles Franco (born August 23, 1958)[note 1] is a former professional baseball player and coach who is a player-manager for the semi-professional Ishikawa Million Stars of the Baseball Challenge League of Japan as of 2015. He spent most of his playing career in Major League Baseball (MLB), entering the major leagues in 1982 and last appearing in 2007, when he was the oldest active MLB player. During that stretch, he also spent two seasons playing professional baseball in Japan and one season playing in the Korean Baseball Organization (KBO).
While Franco was an All-Star and posted above-average hitting statistics throughout his career, he is best known for being the oldest regular position player in MLB history. Franco was the all-time hits leader among Dominican-born players until surpassed in 2011 by Vladimir Guerrero. He made his MLB debut as a shortstop for the Philadelphia Phillies. During his long career, Franco saw significant time as a shortstop, second baseman, first baseman, and designated hitter.
Franco was born in Hato Mayor in the Dominican Republic. As a child, he lived in Consuelo, San Pedro de Macorís, a poor municipality 50 miles east of Santo Domingo. He attended Divine Providence School in Consuelo. Signed by the Philadelphia Phillies organization in 1978, Franco reported to the Rookie-level Butte Copper Kings. In each of five minor league seasons, Franco hit for a batting average of at least .300. He was promoted through the Philadelphia minor league system each year, reaching the Class AAA Oklahoma City 89ers in 1982 and batting .300 and hitting 21 home runs in 120 games.
Early MLB career
Franco debuted in the major leagues in 1982, playing 16 games for the Phillies. That December, Franco was part of a five-for-one trade between the Phillies and the Cleveland Indians. The Phillies received highly regarded prospect Von Hayes in exchange for Manny Trillo, George Vukovich, Jay Baller, Jerry Willard, and Franco.
In June 1986, Franco received a two-game suspension from the Indians after he arrived at the ballpark but then left before the game started. Indians manager Pat Corrales said that Franco left due to a personal problem, but he said that Franco had left without permission and that he had already been given a warning after missing a game in 1985.
Franco hit over .300 in every season from 1986 to 1989. He also averaged over 20 stolen bases per season from 1983 through 1991. When he switched from shortstop to second base in 1988, he won four straight Silver Slugger Awards. Franco batted with a long whip-like swing with the heaviest bat allowed. Because of his batting style, Franco twice led the American League in grounding into double plays and was in the top-ten in that category seven times in the 1980s. He is seventh on the all-time list in ground-ball double plays and has just over 300.
In December 1988, during baseball's Winter Meetings, Franco was traded from Cleveland to the Texas Rangers, who were in need of an everyday second baseman. The Rangers gave up first baseman Pete O'Brien, and two prospects, Oddibe McDowell and Jerry Browne. The Rangers had acquired first baseman Rafael Palmeiro the day before, and The New York Times said that the Rangers' lineup might allow Franco to bat fifth, a batting order slot that could increase his number of runs batted in (RBI).
With Texas, Franco was named to all three of his All-Star teams: in 1989, 1990 and 1991, and he won the Major League Baseball All-Star Game MVP Award in 1990. In the 1990 All-Star game, Franco came to bat in the 7th inning against Rob Dibble of the Cincinnati Reds. Franco drove a 101 mph fastball to the right-center field fence for a double, scoring the only runs of the game.
In 1991, Franco had his only 200-hit season and won the American League batting title. His .341 average was nine points higher than that of future Baseball Hall of Fame member Wade Boggs. A 1992 knee injury limited him to 35 games and ended Franco's time as a middle infielder. Franco later said that the injury helped him to realize the importance of taking care of his physical condition. He spent 1993 as a designated hitter before opting to become a free agent and signing with the Chicago White Sox.
Strike and baseball abroad
In 1994, Franco had already hit 20 home runs for the only time in his career and was on pace to reach 100 runs batted in for the only time in his career when the remainder of the season was canceled by the 1994–95 Major League Baseball strike. On December 28, 1994, Franco signed to play in Japan with the Chiba Lotte Marines in the Pacific League. Chiba Lotte had the best season in its history in 1995, and Franco won the Japanese equivalent of the Gold Glove Award as a first baseman.
After the 1995 season in Japan, Franco signed with the Cleveland Indians, where he was a fan favorite. In 1996, he batted .322 with 76 RBIs even in an injury-shortened season, and played in his first postseason. Early in the 1997 season, Franco hit a hard line drive back to the pitcher's mound which struck Detroit Tigers pitcher Willie Blair; the pitcher missed four weeks of the season with a broken jaw. In August 1997, the Indians released Franco. He quickly signed with the Milwaukee Brewers.
In 1998, Franco was back in Japan playing for Chiba Lotte. The following year, he returned to North America, in the Mexican League with a .423 average in 93 games (and also a strikeout in his only MLB at bat with the Tampa Bay Devil Rays). In 2000, Franco was back in Asia but, this time, in South Korea to play for the Samsung Lions. He returned again to the Mexican League in 2001.
Return to the majors
In September 2001, Franco was a 43-year-old who had just one major league at bat in the previous three seasons. Despite his lengthy absence, the Atlanta Braves, after seeing his success in the Mexican League, purchased his contract from the Angelopolis (Mexico City) Tigers. Franco played well defensively as a first baseman and was a good hitter against left-handed pitchers. The Braves re-signed him after that season and each of the next three.
Franco was talking in the weight room in August 2003 with Jason Marquis, when he leaned on a stand and an 80-pound weight rolled over his finger, breaking it. "When the weight started to roll", Franco said, "I said, 'Uh-oh.'"
In 2004, Franco passed Cap Anson as the oldest regularly playing position player in MLB history. (A few regularly playing pitchers, including knuckleballers Phil Niekro and Hoyt Wilhelm, were older than Franco, and a few non-pitchers, like Minnie Miñoso and Jim O'Rourke, appeared as publicity stunts at old ages but did not play regularly.)
On December 8, 2005, at age 47, Franco signed a two-year contract with the Mets.
Franco had been the oldest player in the major leagues from 2004 to 2007, and was the last active player who was born in the 1950s. On April 20, 2006, pinch-hitting with one out in the eighth inning against the San Diego Padres, Franco hit a go-ahead two-run home run, becoming the oldest player in Major League history to hit a home run. Franco hit a three-run homer on September 30, 2006, in Washington to extend his own record. It was one of three hits in the game for Franco, who fell a triple short of hitting for the cycle. Franco yet again bested himself on May 4, 2007 when he homered into the swimming pool at Chase Field against Arizona Diamondbacks lefty Randy Johnson – a game in which he also stole a base.
Franco was also the oldest player ever to hit a grand slam, a pinch-hit home run, two home runs in one game, and to steal two bases in a game. On April 26, 2006, Franco became the second-oldest man in MLB history to steal a base, behind only Arlie Latham, who accomplished the feat in a token appearance at age 49 with the New York Giants in 1909. On July 29, 2006, against the Atlanta Braves, Franco became the oldest player ever to pinch run, when he came in for Carlos Delgado after Delgado was hit by pitch. On September 19, 2006, a day after the Mets clinched the division title, Franco started at third base in a game against the Florida Marlins. This was Franco's first start at the position since his rookie year, marking 24 years between starts at the position.
Franco struggled with the Mets in 2007, achieving just a .200 batting average (in only 50 at-bats in half a season). Franco grew unhappy with insufficient playing time before being designated for assignment on July 12. He subsequently re-signed with the Atlanta Braves on July 18 and was placed on the team's active roster. In his first game since re-signing with the Braves, he went 1-for-3 with 2 RBIs and received 2 standing ovations in a Braves 10–1 rout of the Cardinals. On August 1, just 13 days after the Braves signed him, the Braves designated Franco for assignment. He accepted a minor league assignment on August 8 and was called back up as promised on September 1.
After the Mexican League
On May 2, 2008, Franco officially announced his retirement from baseball to his Mexican League team, the Quintana Roo Tigers. An official announcement was released the next day. Franco said that retiring was the hardest decision he had ever made, but he pointed to his decreasing production as a player and said that he felt like it was time to retire.
Franco was hired in March 2009 as the manager of the rookie-level Gulf Coast League Mets. In Franco's only season managing the team, they posted a record of 22 wins and 34 losses. In 2010-2011, Franco managed a winter league team, the Caribes de Anzoátegui, in the Venezuelan Professional Baseball League. He led the team to its first league championship in 20 years. He returned to the team the following season, but he was fired after the team started with a 28-28 win-loss record. Soon thereafter, Franco was hired as the manager of the Pericos de Puebla for the 2012 Mexican League season. In two seasons with Puebla, he led the team to 110 wins and 104 losses.
Franco appeared on the Baseball Hall of Fame ballot in 2013. Paul White of USA Today wrote that while Franco was a consistent player over a long career, he was rarely dominant. White wrote that Franco's statistics were inferior to other Baseball Hall of Fame second basemen. Franco received six Hall of Fame votes (1.1% of the total ballots), an insufficient total to appear on the next year's ballot.
Return to baseball
On February 8, 2015, the semi-professional Ishikawa Million Stars of the Baseball Challenge League announced that Franco had been signed as a player-manager for the 2015 season. Franco said that he did not think he would appear often as a player, but 14 games into the season, Franco had played in ten games owing to an injury to a key player.
Awards and highlights
- 3-time All-Star (1989–91)
- MVP All-Star Game (1990)
- Led American League in batting average (.341, 1991)
- Led AL in singles (156, 1991)
- 2nd in the AL Rookie of the Year selection (1983, behind Ron Kittle)
- Led AL in at-bats (658, 1984)
- Top 10 MVP selection (8th, AL, 1994)
- Carolina League MVP (1980)
- Twice hit over .400 in the Mexican League (.423, 1999; .437, 2000)
- Oldest player to hit a Grand Slam (47, 2005, breaking his own record set in 2004 at 45)
- Oldest regularly playing non-pitcher player in MLB history (48)
- Second-oldest player to appear in MLB postseason play (48, during the 2006 postseason)
- Oldest player in Major League history to hit a home run (48)
- Second-oldest player to steal a base (48, during the 2007 season)
- Led all Dominican players in MLB history in seasons, games, at-bats, hits, and bases on balls
- 4,000 Professional Hit Club: Has compiled over 4,200 hits in his 26-year professional career, making him one of only seven known players with at least 4,000 professional hits (the others being Pete Rose, Ty Cobb, Hank Aaron, Jigger Statz, Stan Musial, and Ichiro Suzuki. Jake Beckley and Sam Crawford may also have hit 4,000, but data for some of their minor league seasons is missing.):
- As of 2006, Julio Franco was the only active player to face a pitcher who pitched against Hall of Famer Ted Williams, who retired in 1960. The pitcher is Jim Kaat, who played in the majors from 1959 to 1983. Williams had batted against Kaat the final day of the 1959 season, Kaat's rookie year. Kaat walked Franco in the latter's rookie season in 1982.
- Franco was the last MLB player eligible to wear a batting helmet with no ear flaps. He elected to wear a helmet with an ear flap throughout his career. He was the first MLB player to hit a home run with his grandson in attendance at the game.
- Franco was the sixth batter that Roger Clemens ever faced, and when the two faced each other on June 15, 2007, they became the oldest batter-pitcher pair in the major leagues since October 1, 1933.
- If he was really born before 1958, then Franco may hold MLB records for oldest to steal a base and oldest to appear in the postseason.
- List of major league players with 2,000 hits
- List of Major League Baseball players with 400 doubles
- List of Major League Baseball players with 1000 runs
- List of Major League Baseball players with 1000 RBI
- List of Major League Baseball leaders in career stolen bases
- List of Major League Baseball batting champions
- Franco's birth date is in question. Many of his early bios and cards have his birthday listed in 1954, and on the roster of the Quintana Roo Tigres, his birthday is listed in 1961.
- McCarthy, Colman (June 28, 2003). "Through baseball, nun really connects". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 25, 2016.
- "Julio Franco Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved January 25, 2016.
- "Julio Franco Register Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved January 25, 2016.
- Dias, Roberto. "UPI Archives: The Cleveland Indians Monday suspended shortstop Julio Franco for...". United Press International. Retrieved January 29, 2016.
- "Career Leaders for Grounded into Double Plays". baseball-reference.com. June 19, 2007. Retrieved 2007-06-20.
- Chass, Murray (December 7, 1988). "Rangers obtain Franco from Indians in four-player trade". The New York Times. Retrieved January 29, 2016.
- Harvey, Coley M. (August 23, 2005). "Franco ages like fine wine". MLB.com. Retrieved January 26, 2016.
- Kurkjian, Tim (September 18, 2012). "Getting hit by a batted ball". ESPN. Retrieved January 26, 2016.
- "Makeshift Mets clip Marlins behind Glavine's strong start". ESPN.com. September 19, 2006. Retrieved 2007-06-20.
- Noble, Marty (2007-07-12). "Mets designate Franco for assignment". MLB.com.
- Nearing 50, Franco still going strong in Mexican League. March 30, 2008. Retrieved January 25, 2016.
- "Baseball: Julio Franco, 49, ends 23-year career". The Honolulu Advertiser. May 3, 2008. Retrieved January 25, 2016.
- "Mets bringing back Julio Franco... as minor league manager". SILive.com. Associated Press. March 16, 2009. Retrieved January 26, 2016.
- Fernandez, Jose Manuel (December 21, 2011). "Caribes despidió al manager Julio Franco" (in Spanish). El Universal. Retrieved January 26, 2016.
- "Julio Franco dirigirá a Pericos de Puebla" (in Spanish). ESPN Deportes. January 12, 2012. Retrieved January 27, 2016.
- White, Paul (December 28, 2012). "Hall candidate: Ageless Julio Franco has a unique resume". USA Today. Retrieved 25 January 2016.
- "2013 Hall of Fame Voting". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved January 25, 2016.
- Hongo, Jun. Julio Franco, 56 years old, joins a Japan team as player-manager. Wall Street Journal. February 9, 2015. Retrieved January 25, 2016.
- Fehr, Israel. Julio Franco is still playing baseball at age 56. Yahoo! Sports. February 9, 2015. Retrieved January 25, 2016.
- "Julio Franco a player-manager in Japan: "I don't see myself out of baseball"". USA Today. May 10, 2015. Retrieved January 25, 2016.
- ESPN.com: Page 2 : Keep the owners out of the Hall
- MLB - New York Mets/New York Yankees Recap Friday June 15, 2007 - Yahoo! Sports
- "Tigres de Quintana Roo". Retrieved 2008-04-20.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Julio Franco.|
- Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or The Baseball Cube, or Baseball-Reference (Minors)
- Baseball Library - bio and accomplishments
- The Top 100 Greatest Indians Roster
- Nippon Professional Baseball career statistics from Japanesebaseball.com
- Oldest player to hit a grand slam
- Old Man Franco - trivia and facts
- Matusalén con un bate (in Spanish)
|Awards and achievements|
|Oldest Player in the