Julio Jaramillo

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Julio Alfredo Jaramillo Laurido
Julio Jaramillo, the Nightingale of America
Julio Jaramillo, the Nightingale of America
Background information
Birth nameJulio Alfredo Jaramillo Laurido
Also known asJ. J. (Jota Jota)[1]
El Ruiseñor de América (The Nightingale of America)
Born(1935-10-01)October 1, 1935
OriginGuayaquil, Ecuador
DiedFebruary 9, 1978(1978-02-09) (aged 42)
Genrespasillo, bolero, corrido, valse, tango, ranchera
Instrument(s)Guitar
Years active1950–1978
LabelsÓnix, Yoyo Music, Sonolux, Discos Peerless, Codiscos, ABStationRecords

Julio Alfredo Jaramillo Laurido (October 1, 1935 – February 9, 1978) was a notable Ecuadorian singer and recording artist who performed throughout Latin America, achieving great fame for his renditions of boleros, valses, pasillos, tangos, and rancheras.[2]

Having recorded more than 2,200 songs throughout his career, his most famous song was and is "Nuestro Juramento" well known throughout all South America. He is considered to be one of the most beloved singers of Ecuador, even before Gerardo Moran, Maximo Escaleras, and many other talents.[1][3]

Jaramillo recorded with many other noteworthy Latin American artists including Puerto Rican singer, Daniel Santos; fellow Ecuadorian singer, Olimpo Cárdenas; and Colombian singer, Alci Acosta.[4]

Biography[edit]

Childhood[edit]

Jaramillo was born on October 1, 1935, in Guayaquil, Ecuador. Son of Juan Pantaleón Jaramillo Erazo and Apolonia Laurido Cáceres. His parents moved to Guayaquil from the town of Machachi in search for a better life.[5] He had two siblings, a sister who died at the age of 5 and a brother named Pepe.

By the age of 17, Jaramillo was becoming famous for having a beautiful and warm voice, and participated in radio programs at "El Condor" radio station. In 1950 he joined with two friends to form a trio.

Professional career[edit]

With the recording of his first album, "Mi pobre querida Madre" (1954), which was a duet with the established singer Fresia Saavedra,[6] his name began to be known. This was followed by the Peruvian-style waltz song called "Esposa (wife)" (1955), a duet with Carlos Rubira Infante.

In 1956, the Peruvian-style waltz Fatalidad(music by Laureano Martínez Smart, text by Juan Sixto Prieto) marked his breakthrough. It's something between a Peruvian waltz and an Ecuadorian "pasillo." It was a huge success from the very beginning — 6000 copies were sold within a week. By the end of 1956, he had produced a dozen albums under the Onyx label. In 1959, he moved to TV and also the movies. His first film was Mala Mujer or "Wicked Woman". He gained international recognition after the bolero "Nuestro Juramento" (1957), and he made several tours in Latin America. He began a journey through Ecuador, Colombia, Perú, Argentina, Uruguay, and Chile. The Mexican label Peerless became interested in him and sent him on a tour of Peru and Chile. In Colombia, he met up with his brother Pepe, who had previously emigrated to that country. When not on tour, he performed in movie theaters in Guayaquil (it was customary at that time to perform concerts before the main feature). Because of his immense popularity, he started to do pre-movie shows on Saturdays and Sundays, which later became two daily shows, seven days a week. Upon returning to Ecuador, he was arrested and forced into military service.

Returning to civilian life in 1960, he continued his career, reaching sellout performances of up to four consecutive months at Guayaquil's Guayas Theater. He also had a part in an Ecuadorian movie, "Fiebre de Juventud: Romance en Ecuador", and another one in Argentina. In 1965, he settled in Venezuela and completed successful tours of Mexico, Puerto Rico, and Central America. He also recorded duets with Daniel Santos, Olimpo Cárdenas, and Alci Acosta.

His last international tour was held in the United States and Canada.

Surgery[edit]

After his return to Ecuador in 1975, during his final years, he hosted a radio show called "The J.J. Hour" on Crystal Radio.

In February 1978, Julio underwent a dangerous procedure to remove his gallstones.

Death[edit]

Jaramillo died at the young age of 42. His remains were given a farewell like no other person has known in Guayaquil. It is estimated that there were about 250,000 Ecuadorians at his funeral.[1] His level of popularity in Ecuador could be compared to Frank Sinatra's in the United States, Pedro Infante in Mexico, or Carlos Gardel's in Argentina.[1] Since 1993, his birthday has been commemorated as a national holiday for the pasillo: Día del Pasillo Ecuatoriano (Day of the Ecuadorian Pasillo).[2]

Tribute[edit]

On October 1, 2019, Google celebrated his 84th birthday with a Google Doodle.[7]

Songs composed by Julio Jaramillo[edit]

According to All Music Guide[8]

  • A La Vuelta de la Esquina
  • A Mi Madre
  • Alguien Me Espera
  • Aquellos Ojos
  • Arrepentida
  • Ay Mexicanita
  • Bodas Negras
  • Calla Corazón
  • Cantando
  • Caraqueñita
  • Despertar Llorando
  • Endechas
  • Fiel Amigo
  • Guayaquileña
  • Hacia el Calvario
  • Hermano
  • Idolatria
  • La Vuelta de la Esquina
  • Llegastes
  • Llora
  • Mentiras y Nada Mas
  • Mi Desengaño
  • Mi Locura
  • Naufragio de Amor
  • No la Dejes Marchar
  • No Soy Juez
  • Que Culpa Tengo
  • Que No Te Mire Nadie
  • Si Tu Me Has Querido
  • Siete Besos
  • Sin Venganza
  • Tus Besos Fueron Mio
  • Vuelve Conmigo
  • Yo Era Bueno
  • Elsa
  • Historia De Amor
  • Perdon Por Adorarte
  • No Me Lo Digas (tango)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Handelsman, Michael (2000). Culture and customs of Ecuador. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press. p. 116. ISBN 0-313-30244-8.
  2. ^ a b "Julio Jaramillo". Allmusic. Retrieved 2009-03-24.
  3. ^ "Biografía de Julio Jaramillo Laurido" (in Spanish). Museo de la Música Popular Guayaquileña Julio Jaramillo. Archived from the original on 2013-11-01. Retrieved 2009-03-25.
  4. ^ Deborah Pacini Hernandez, Deborah Pacini (1995). Bachata: A Social History of a Dominican Popular Music. Temple University Press. p. 50. Olimpo Cárdenas.
  5. ^ Julio Jaramillo falleció hace 32 años. sisepuedeecuador.com (9 February 2010).
  6. ^ "Fresia Saavedra: Su vida como un pasillo | La Revista | EL UNIVERSO". www.larevista.ec (in Spanish). Retrieved 2024-02-16.
  7. ^ "Julio Jaramillo's 84th Birthday". Google. 1 October 2019.
  8. ^ *Julio Jaramillo at AllMusic

External links[edit]