Disappearance of Jorge Julio López
|Jorge Julio López|
Buenos Aires Province, Argentina
|Disappeared||September 18, 2006
La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina
|Status||Missing for 10 years, 10 months and 5 days|
1.7 m (5 ft 7 in)
Jorge Julio López (born 1929, in Buenos Aires Province, Argentina) is an Argentine retired bricklayer, who was kidnapped during the National Reorganization Process, and disappeared again during the democratic government of President Néstor Kirchner after testifying in trial against Dirty War criminal Miguel Etchecolatz.
López was kidnapped and taken to different clandestine detention centres during the dictatorship known as National Reorganization Process (Spanish: Proceso de Reorganización Nacional, 1976–1983). He was subject to torture and remained detained without formal charges or trial from October 21, 1976 until June 25, 1979.
Trial witness, and disappearance
About thirty years after the end of the military government, the laws known as Due Obedience and Full Stop, which blocked investigations of crimes committed by members of the military and the police during the dictatorship, were repealed. Miguel Etchecolatz was the first defendant in a Dirty War-related trial.
During the first part of the National Reorganization Process, Etchecolatz was the Director of Investigations of the Buenos Aires Provincial Police, head of one of the clandestine detention centres, and the right hand of former General Ramón Camps. López was a key witness in his trial. His testimony involved 62 military and policemen, and thanks in part to this, Etchecolatz was sentenced to life imprisonment.
Lopez "disappeared just hours before he was slated to give his final testimony on the eve of the conviction of the former police investigator," on September 18, 2006, according to the story "Missing Witness Awakens Dark Past," by Marie Trigona of the Americas Program of the International Relations Center published on October 12, 2006. He was last seen at his home in the city of La Plata, 40 km. south of Buenos Aires. The initial hypothesis, that assumed that López had suffered a traumatic shock when reliving his torture during the trial and had subsequently wandered off lost, was discarded. Another hypothesis, that he had gone voluntarily into hiding fearing retribution for his statement against Etchecolatz, was discredited as well.
Investigation and criticism
Government officials made repeated assurances of optimism regarding a quick reappearance, based on "substantial advances" in the investigation, though evidence of this progress has not been presented to the public. The apparent laziness of the investigators, added to this lack of visible progress, has led some to suspect that information is being withheld or even that there is state complicity in the disappearance.
On January 8, 2007 National Deputy Nora Guinzburg proposed a law to create a special bicameral commission to keep Congress informed about the development of the investigations related to López, as well as those regarding the kidnapping and later reappearance of Luis Gerez (also a former victim of the dictatorship). The proposal was not adopted.
On February 15 Guinzburg made another proposal, requesting that the Executive report information about the cases. This proposal was not adopted either. On February 27 Guinzburg reperated her first proposal; the president of the Chamber of Deputies, Alberto Ballestrini, refused it but allowed voting on the second project. It was rejected 118–47, with the opposition of the president's party faction, the Front for Victory, and Federal Peronism.
The disappearance of the bricklayer sparked criticism of witness protection procedures. After the disappearance, the government of Buenos Aires raised the reward for information on López to AR$200,000 (about US$66,000 at the time), and soon doubled the figure. Many television and radio requests for information were broadcast, and pictures of López were posted in many places. There was a campaign using mobile phone text messages asking for collaboration on the search. Thousands of policemen were mobilized.
As of 2 February 2010[update], over three years after his disappearance, López is yet to be found, but retired police doctor Carlos Osvaldo Falcone, who visited Etchecolatz in prison days before Lopez's disappearance, is to be questioned about the use of a car found at his home reported to have been used to kidnap Lopez.
Early in 2011, a witness claimed that Lopez's body was buried in the Pereyra Iraola railway station, but the witness was considered unreliable.
- National Office of Records of Disappeared Persons, Jorge Julio López.
- Rigona, Maria Argentina: Missing Witness Awakens Dark Past Archived January 9, 2008, at the Wayback Machine., International Relations Center, October 12, 2006, accessed on 7 February 2008
- Where is Julio Lopez?
- Buenos Aires Herald 2 Feb 10 - After three years of mystery, Julio López: retired police doctor to be questioned over witness disappearance
- di Filippo, Patricia. "Leave No Stone Unturned: The Disappearance of Jorge Julio Lopez". www.argentinaindependent.com. Retrieved 19 October 2012.