Julius Caesar (crater)

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Julius Caesar
Julius Caesar crater 4090 h1 4090 h2.jpg
Mosiac of Lunar Orbiter 4 images
(White blemishes in lower left are present on original images)
Coordinates 9°00′N 15°24′E / 9.0°N 15.4°E / 9.0; 15.4Coordinates: 9°00′N 15°24′E / 9.0°N 15.4°E / 9.0; 15.4
Diameter 90 km
Depth 3.4 km
Colongitude 345° at sunrise
Eponym Julius Caesar
Oblique view facing south from Apollo 15

Julius Caesar is a lava-flooded lunar crater with a low, irregular, and heavily worn wall. It is located to the west of Mare Tranquillitatis, and directly southeast of the crater Manilius on the Mare Vaporum. To the east is the rounded Sosigenes.

The interior floor of Julius Caesar is relatively level, especially in the southwest half. The northern half of the interior has a lower albedo (darker) than the south. Most likely the floor has been covered or modified by ejecta from the impact that created the Imbrium basin. There are a number of crater remnants overlapping the rim along the south and northeast edges. A low ridge crosses the floor across the northeast sections of the crater.

Satellite craters[edit]

By convention these features are identified on lunar maps by placing the letter on the side of the crater midpoint that is closest to Julius Caesar.

Julius
Caesar
Latitude Longitude Diameter
A 7.6° N 14.4° E 13 km
B 9.8° N 14.0° E 7 km
C 7.3° N 15.4° E 5 km
D 7.2° N 16.5° E 5 km
F 11.5° N 12.9° E 19 km
G 10.2° N 15.7° E 20 km
H 8.8° N 13.6° E 3 km
J 9.2° N 14.1° E 3 km
P 11.2° N 14.1° E 37 km
Q 12.9° N 14.0° E 32 km

References[edit]

  • Wood, Chuck (April 26, 2005). "Dead Romans". Lunar Photo of the Day. Retrieved 2006-07-12.