Julius Caesar (crater)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Julius Caesar
Julius Caesar crater 4090 h1 4090 h2.jpg
Mosiac of Lunar Orbiter 4 images
(White blemishes in lower left are present on original images)
Coordinates9°00′N 15°24′E / 9.0°N 15.4°E / 9.0; 15.4Coordinates: 9°00′N 15°24′E / 9.0°N 15.4°E / 9.0; 15.4
Diameter85 km
Depth3.4 km
Colongitude345° at sunrise
EponymJulius Caesar
Oblique view facing south from Apollo 15
Oblique view facing north from Apollo 12

Julius Caesar is a lava-flooded lunar impact crater with a low, irregular, and heavily worn wall. Its diameter is 85 km. It was named after Roman statesman Julius Caesar.[1] It is located to the west of Mare Tranquillitatis, and directly southeast of the crater Manilius on the Mare Vaporum. To the east is the rounded Sosigenes.

The interior floor of Julius Caesar is relatively level, especially in the southwest half. The northern half of the interior has a lower albedo (darker) than the south. Most likely the floor has been covered or modified by ejecta from the impact that created the Imbrium basin. There are a number of crater remnants overlapping the rim along the south and northeast edges. A low ridge crosses the floor across the northeast sections of the crater.

Satellite craters[edit]

By convention these features are identified on lunar maps by placing the letter on the side of the crater midpoint that is closest to Julius Caesar.

Julius
Caesar
Latitude Longitude Diameter
A 7.6° N 14.4° E 13 km
B 9.8° N 14.0° E 7 km
C 7.3° N 15.4° E 5 km
D 7.2° N 16.5° E 5 km
F 11.5° N 12.9° E 19 km
G 10.2° N 15.7° E 20 km
H 8.8° N 13.6° E 3 km
J 9.2° N 14.1° E 3 km
P 11.2° N 14.1° E 37 km
Q 12.9° N 14.0° E 32 km

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Julius Caesar (crater)". Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature. USGS Astrogeology Research Program.
  • Andersson, L. E.; Whitaker, E. A. (1982). NASA Catalogue of Lunar Nomenclature. NASA RP-1097.
  • Bussey, B.; Spudis, P. (2004). The Clementine Atlas of the Moon. New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-81528-4.
  • Cocks, Elijah E.; Cocks, Josiah C. (1995). Who's Who on the Moon: A Biographical Dictionary of Lunar Nomenclature. Tudor Publishers. ISBN 978-0-936389-27-1.
  • McDowell, Jonathan (July 15, 2007). "Lunar Nomenclature". Jonathan's Space Report. Retrieved 2007-10-24.
  • Menzel, D. H.; Minnaert, M.; Levin, B.; Dollfus, A.; Bell, B. (1971). "Report on Lunar Nomenclature by the Working Group of Commission 17 of the IAU". Space Science Reviews. 12 (2): 136–186. Bibcode:1971SSRv...12..136M. doi:10.1007/BF00171763.
  • Moore, Patrick (2001). On the Moon. Sterling Publishing Co. ISBN 978-0-304-35469-6.
  • Price, Fred W. (1988). The Moon Observer's Handbook. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-33500-3.
  • Rükl, Antonín (1990). Atlas of the Moon. Kalmbach Books. ISBN 978-0-913135-17-4.
  • Webb, Rev. T. W. (1962). Celestial Objects for Common Telescopes (6th revised ed.). Dover. ISBN 978-0-486-20917-3.
  • Whitaker, Ewen A. (1999). Mapping and Naming the Moon. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-62248-6.
  • Wlasuk, Peter T. (2000). Observing the Moon. Springer. ISBN 978-1-85233-193-1.

External links[edit]