Julius Deutsch (February 2, 1884, Lackenbach, Austria-Hungary – January 17, 1968, Vienna, Austria) was a politician in the Social Democratic Workers' Party of Austria, member of Parliament between 1920-1933 and co-founder and leader of the Social Democrat militia "Republikanischer Schutzbund" (Republican Defense Association).
Leader of the Schutzbund
Julius Deutsch founded the "Schutzbund" in 1923 as an answer to the paramilitary organization "Heimwehr" (Home Guard), which was ideologically related to the Christian Social Party. He remained its leader until its destruction in 1934.
Schutzbund members were primarily recruited out of the "Deutschösterreichische Volkswehr" (German-Austrian People's Guard). It had been organized by Deutsch himself as Under Secretary of State in the Department of Armed Forces (November 1918 until March 1919) and as Secretary of State in the Department of Armed Forces (March 1919 until October 1920).
From 1936 until 1939 Deutsch fought as General of the Republican troops in the Spanish Civil War.
1939 he moved to Paris and worked for the foreign representation of the Austrian Socialists (AVOES). After the occupation of France by National Socialist Germany, Deutsch, who was Jewish, had to emigrate again, this time to the United States of America. He returned to Austria in 1946. Deutsch was also the President of the Socialist Workers' Sport International.
Since 1951 Deutsch was married to Adrienne Thomas, a writer.
After his death, a Vienna apartment complex "Julius-Deutsch-Hof" was named in his honor.
- Julius Deutsch: Antifascism. Proletarian ability to put up a fight in the battle against Fascism. Vienna 1926
- The political emigration speaks (Die politische Emigration spricht), Jg. 8. 1942, Nr. 14 (3. April 1942), S. 5
- New Austria (Das neue Oesterreich), Jg. 9. 1943, Nr. 45 (5. November 1943), S. 1
- The new Government in Austria (Die neue Regierung in Oesterreich), Jg. 11. 1945, Nr. 18 (4. Mai 1945), S. 3
in "New Forward" (Vorwärts):
- Travelling impressions in America (Reiseeindruecke in Amerika), Nr. 84 (20. Januar 1935), Beilage, S. 1
in the "Parisian daily News": (Pariser Tageszeitung):
- From defense to offense (Von der Defensive in die Offensive), Jg. 2. 1937, Nr. 406 (24. Juli 1937), S. 1
- Spains battle for Freedom - the honor of democracy (Spaniens Freiheitskampf – die Ehre der Demokratie), Jg. 3. 1938, Nr. 568 (2. Januar 1938), S. 2
in the "Socialist Observatory" (Sozialistische Warte):
- A clear answer (Eine eindeutige Antwort), Jg. 14. 1939, Nr. 33 (18. August 1939), S. 793
- Yidishe Bilder no. 13 (1937), cited in the Ghetto Fighters' House archives
- Wheeler, Robert F.. Organized Sport and Organized Labour: The Workers' Sports Movement, in Journal of Contemporary History, Vol. 13, No. 2, Special Issue: Workers' Culture (Apr., 1978), pp. 191-210
- German language Wikipedia: Julius Deutsch. Retrieved October 21, 2005.