Julius Duboc

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Julius Duboc (October 10, 1829 Hamburg - June 11, 1903) was a German author and philosopher.


He studied at Giessen, Leipzig and Berlin, and became a disciple of Ludwig Feuerbach.


Evolutionary monism, atheism and the doctrine that pleasure is the end of all human activity find expression in his works, which include:

  • Soziale Briefe (“Letters on society,” 3rd ed. 1873)
  • Geschichte der Englischen Presse (“History of the English press,” 1873)
  • Die Psychologie der Liebe (“The psychology of love,” 1874)
  • Das Leben ohne Gott, Untersuchungen über den ethischen Gehalt des Atheismus (“Life without God, studies on the ethical content of atheism,” 1875)
  • Gegen den Strom (“Against the tide,” a collection of his earlier essays, 1877)
  • Der Optimismus als Weltanschauung (“Optimism as a way of looking at the world,” 1881)
  • Hundert Jahre Zeitgeist in Deutschland (“A hundred years of the spirit of the times in Germany,” 1889)
  • Jenseits von Wirklichen (“On the other side from reality,” 1896)
  • Die Lust als sozialethisches Entwicklungsprinzip (“Desire as a principle of social development,” 1900)
  • Fünfzig Jahre Frauenfrage in Deutschland (“Fifty years of the woman question in Germany,” a collection of essays)