Julius Mount Bleyer

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Julius Mount Bleyer (16 March 1859 – 3 April 1915) was a New York doctor who specialized in laryngology who took a keen interest in medical jurisprudence. He studied the methods used for capital punishment and as a member of a commission, was among the first to propose lethal injections in 1888.[1] He pointed out in The Medico-Legal Journal, the problems with other methods of executing death sentences including decapitation and electrocution.[2] Lethal injections were however not used until the late 1970s.

Bleyer was also a pioneer of photofluoroscopy, a method of visualizing x-rays to observe the functioning of internal organs.[3][4][5] He also introduced the idea of an inhaler for delivering medication into the lungs[6] and considered applications in laryngology that made use of sound recording instruments.[7]

Early life and education[edit]

Julius Bleyer was born in Pilsen, Austria to Samuel and Sophia, who moved to the United States in 1868. He studied at the University of Prague and obtained a medical degree in New York in 1883 from Bellevue Medical College. He obtained an LL.D. in 1896 and practiced in New York from 1883 until his death.

Bleyer was a specialist consultant for the Metropolitan Opera Company from 1888 and dealt with the health of the throat. He served as a vice-president during an American congress on tuberculosis and was a member of the New York Medico-Legal Society.

Personal life[edit]

Bleyer married Rose Florsheim in 1884.[8][9]


  1. ^ Bleyer, J. Mount (1888). "Best Method of Executing Criminals". Medico-Legal Journal. 5: 425-441. 
  2. ^ Bleyer, J. Mount (1898). "Instant death by decapitation an impossibility according to biological analysis". Medico Legal Journal. 16: 515–532. 
  3. ^ Glasser, Otto (1993). Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen and the Early History of the Roentgen Rays. Normal Publishing. p. 243. 
  4. ^ Bleyer, J. Mount (1896). "On the photo-fluoroscope". The Laryngoscope. 1 (1): 9–20. doi:10.1288/00005537-189607000-00001. 
  5. ^ Ramsey, L.J. (1983). "Early cineradiography and cinefluorography". History of Photography. 7 (4): 311–322. doi:10.1080/03087298.1983.10442029. 
  6. ^ Bleyer, J. Mount (1890). "A new method of larygeal and bronchial medication by means of a spray and tube during the act of deep inspiration. Read in the Section of Laryngology and Otology at the Forty-first Annual Meeting of the American Medical Association, Nashville, Tenn., May, 1890". Journal of the American Medical Association. 15 (18): 634–636. doi:10.1001/jama.1890.02410440006001a. 
  7. ^ Bleyer, J. Mount (1895). "The Phonograph: Its Physics, Physiology, and Clinical Import". The Journal of Laryngology, Rhinology, and Otology. 1: 1–17. doi:10.1017/S1755146300152473. 
  8. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg Kelly, Howard A.; Burrage, Walter L., eds. (1920). "Bleyer, Julius Mount". American Medical Biographies. Baltimore: The Norman, Remington Company. 
  9. ^ "Deaths: Julius Mount Bleyer, M.D". Journal of the American Medical Association. 64: 1342. 1915. doi:10.1001/jama.1915.02570420060029. 

Further reading[edit]