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Julius Nieuwland

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The Reverend

Julius Aloysius Arthur Nieuwland CSC
Young Julius Nieuwland
Personal details
Born(1878-02-14)14 February 1878
Hansbeke, Belgium
Died11 June 1936(1936-06-11) (aged 58)
Indiana, United States of America
BuriedCedar Grove Cemetery near Notre Dame
Alma materUniversity of Notre Dame, The Catholic University of America

Julius Aloysius Arthur Nieuwland, CSC, (14 February 1878 – 11 June 1936) was a Belgian-born Holy Cross priest and professor of chemistry and botany at the University of Notre Dame, Indiana. He is known for his contributions to acetylene research and its use as the basis for one type of synthetic rubber, which eventually led to the invention of neoprene by DuPont.

Fr. Julius Nieuwland in his laboratory

Life and work


Nieuwland's parents emigrated from Hansbeke, Belgium in 1880 to South Bend, Indiana. As a young man, Nieuwland enrolled at the University of Notre Dame, where he studied Latin and Greek and received his undergraduate degree in 1899. He soon after began studies for the priesthood. Ordained in 1903, Nieuwland attended graduate school at The Catholic University of America, where he studied botany and chemistry. During his doctoral studies into the chemistry of acetylene, he discovered the chemical compound lewisite, which would later gain fame as a chemical warfare agent. Nieuwland had to be hospitalized for several days after his exposure to the newly synthesized compound; he did not purify it or otherwise pursue the matter any further.

After receiving his PhD in 1904, Nieuwland returned to Notre Dame as professor of botany until 1918, and subsequently as professor of organic chemistry until 1936. In 1909, Nieuwland founded the peer-reviewed journal American Midland Naturalist acting as its editor until 1934.[1] In 1920, he successfully polymerized acetylene into divinylacetylene. Elmer Bolton, the Director of Research at DuPont, used this basic research during the development of neoprene.

Nieuwland died at the age of 58, and was buried at the Community Cemetery near Notre Dame.[2]

Among Nieuwland's more famous students was Knute Rockne, who became a celebrated Notre Dame football coach. Rockne graduated from Notre Dame with a degree in pharmacy in 1914 and became a chemistry instructor at Notre Dame, while also coaching various sports on campus, from 1915 to 1922.[3][4]

Honors and awards


See also



  1. ^ McIntosh, Robert P. (1990). "The American Midland Naturalist: the Life History of a Journal" (PDF). The American Midland Naturalist. 123 (1): 1–31. doi:10.2307/2425756. JSTOR 2425756. Retrieved 12 November 2013.
  2. ^ See the website for the South Bend Area Genealogical Society, particularly the listing of burials at this site along with the cemetery key on this page.
  3. ^ Notre Dame Archives: Early Teachers: R at archives.nd.edu
  4. ^ Nieuwland was portrayed by Albert Bassermann in the film Knute Rockne, All American.
  5. ^ Bogert, Marston Taylor (1935). "Presentation of Professor Julius Arthur Nieuwland, C.S.C., for the Award of the American Institute Medal". Science. 81 (2101): 326–330. Bibcode:1935Sci....81..326B. doi:10.1126/science.81.2101.326. JSTOR 1660853. PMID 17807080.
  6. ^ "Past Academy Presidents | Indiana Academy of Science".[permanent dead link]
  7. ^ Bogert, Marston Taylor (5 April 1935). "Presentation of Professor Julius Arthur Nieuwland, C.s.c., for the Award of the American Institute Medal". Science. 81 (2101): 326–330. Bibcode:1935Sci....81..326B. doi:10.1126/science.81.2101.326. PMID 17807080.
  8. ^ "NY-ACS Nichols Medalists". newyorkacs.org.
  9. ^ "Past Mendel Medal Recipients". www1.villanova.edu. Retrieved 9 December 2017.
  10. ^ Brummitt, R. K.; Powell, C. E. (1992). Authors of Plant Names. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. ISBN 1-84246-085-4.

Further reading