Julius Ochs Adler
|Julius Ochs Adler|
December 3, 1892|
|Died||October 3, 1955
New York City
|Place of burial||Arlington National Cemetery|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Commands held||77th Infantry Division|
|Battles/wars||World War I
World War II
|Awards||Distinguished Service Cross
Silver Star (2)
Legion of Merit
Adler was born on December 3, 1892, in Chattanooga, Tennessee, the son of Harry Clay Adler and Ada Ochs. After graduating from Princeton University in 1914 he was employed by The New York Times. He was commissioned as a second lieutenant in April 1917, was promoted to captain in August 1917, and served as a Company Commander ("Company H") in the 306th Infantry Regiment, 77th Division, on the Western Front, seeing action in the Lorraine, Aisne-Marne, Vesle and Meuse-Argonne offensives. Adler, by then a major, was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross after an action at St. Juvin, on 14 October 1918.
Having received promotions to lieutenant colonel in 1923 and to colonel in 1930 in the Army Reserve, Adler was reactivated in October 1940 to serve as the commander of the 113th Infantry Regiment, 44th Division, at Fort Dix, New Jersey. Promoted to brigadier general in July 1941, from September 1941 he was Assistant Divisional Commander, 6th Infantry Division. He served with the 6th Infantry Division during the New Guinea campaign. Adler was relieved from duty on 17 November 1944 because of illness.
He served as Commanding General of the 77th Division (Army Reserve) from November 1946 into 1948, receiving promotion to major general on 24 January 1948, and was President of the Senior Army Reserve Commanders Association, 1949-1951.
Adler was the president and publisher of The Chattanooga Times, and general manager of The New York Times until his death on October 3, 1955. He is buried in Arlington National Cemetery, in section 2, site 4957-A, map O, grid W 32.5.
Awards and decorations
|Distinguished Service Cross|
|Silver Star with one Oak Leaf Cluster|
|Legion of Merit|
|World War I Victory Medal with four battle clasps|
|Army of Occupation of Germany Medal|
|American Defense Service Medal|
|American Campaign Medal|
|Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal with two service stars|
|World War II Victory Medal|
|Officer of the Legion of Honour (France)|
|French Croix de Guerre 1914-1918 with Palm|
|Croce al Merito di Guerra (Italy)|
|New York Meritorious Service Medal|
Distinguished Service Cross citation
The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress, July 9, 1918, takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Major (Infantry) Julius O. Adler, United States Army, for extraordinary heroism in action while serving with 306th Infantry Regiment, 77th Division, A.E.F., at St. Juvin, France, 14 October 1918. Accompanied by another officer, Major Adler was supervising the work of clearing the enemy from St. Juvin where they suddenly came upon a party of the enemy numbering 150. Firing on the enemy with his pistol, Major Adler ran toward the party, calling on them to surrender. His bravery and good marksmanship resulted in the capture of 50 Germans, and the remainder fled.
- History of the Seventy-Seventh Division, August 25th, 1917 - November 11th, 1918 (1919) (ed.)
- History of the 306th Infantry (1935) (ed.)
- "Officers of the US Army 1939-1945 (A)". unithistories.com. Retrieved 20 December 2010.
- "Company H, 306th Infantry". longwood.k12.ny.us. Retrieved 20 December 2010.
- "Julius Ochs Adler". Hall of Valor. Military Times. Retrieved 20 December 2010.
- "Obituary : Julius Ochs Adler, Jr.". New York Times. August 23, 2003. Retrieved January 13, 2009.
- "Julius Ochs Adler". Find a Grave. Retrieved February 11, 2010.
- "Jewish Women's Archive : Barbara Ochs Adler". jwa.org. Retrieved 20 December 2010.
- Denslow, William R. 10,000 Famous Freemasons, Vol. I, A-D.
- Patterson, Michael Robert (April 23, 2004). "Arlington National Cemetery Website". Retrieved January 13, 2009.
- Armstrong, Zella: The History of Hamilton County and Chattanooga, Tennessee, p. 215
- Julius Ochs Adler papers, Manuscripts and Archives Division, The New York Public Library.