Julius P. Heil
|Julius P. Heil|
|30th Governor of Wisconsin|
January 2, 1939 – January 4, 1943
|Lieutenant||Walter S. Goodland|
|Preceded by||Philip La Follette|
|Succeeded by||Walter S. Goodland|
|Born||Julius Peter Heil
July 24, 1876
Düssmund an der Mosel, Germany
|Died||November 30, 1949
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States
|Spouse(s)||Elizabeth Conrad (m. 1900)|
|Children||Joseph F. Heil|
|Nickname(s)||"Julius the Just"|
Heil was born in Düssmund an der Mosel, Germany, and immigrated to the United States in 1881, when he was five. He lived with his family on a farm in New Berlin, Wisconsin and attended school until he was twelve.
Heil became qualified as an expert welder and traveled extensively in South America, installing welded steel track for streetcars. In 1901, he founded the Heil Company in Milwaukee, which fabricated steel tank cars. In 1933 he was appointed by President Franklin Roosevelt to head the state advisory board for the National Recovery Administration.
Winning the Republican gubernatorial nomination in 1938, Heil went on to defeat his Progressive opponent-incumbent Philip F. La Follette. As governor, he created the Department of Motor Vehicles out of five existing agencies and consolidated welfare and institutional programs under a single Department of Public Welfare. A controversial innovation was his creation of a Division of Departmental Research, designed to achieve greater efficiency in state administration. The United States entered World War II during Heil's second term, and a State Guard was created to replace the National Guard, which had been called to active duty. Often known as "Julius the Just," as governor, the New York Times reported that Heil was known for clowning and silly antics. He was re-elected in 1940, but lost to Progressive Orland Steen Loomis in 1942, according to the New York Times, because of his unpopular labor record.
After losing a third term as governor, Heil became president and later chairman of the board of the Heil Company. He toured the country to promote Wisconsin's dairy products.
Son of Frank and Barbara Heil, he married Elizabeth Conrad on June 4, 1900 and they had one son, Joseph F. Heil.
- 1940 Wisconsin Republican gubernatorial primary results: Julius Heil, 223,819; James K. Robinson 106,570
- 1940 Wisconsin gubernatorial results: Julius Heil (R) defeated F.E. McGovern (D) and Orland S. Loomis
- 1942 Wisconsin gubernatorial results: Orland Loomis (Progressive) (R) defeated Julius Heil (R) and Dr. W. C. Sullivan
- Julius P. Heil, Wisconsin Historical Society
- 1910 U.S. Census, State of Wisconsin, County of Milwaukee, enumeration district 270, p. 11-B, family 242.
- Sheasby, Fred C. (June 4, 1939). "Heil's Antics Jolt Wisconsin". New York Times. p. E10. Retrieved 2007-01-27.
- "Obituary". New York Times. December 4, 1949. p. E2.
- "Republican Vote Ahead in Wisconsin". New York Times. September 19, 1940. p. 19.
- 'Wisconsin Blue Book 1942,' pg. 656
- "Vital Facts Concerning the Quadrennial Polling of the Nation's Millions of Voters". New York Times. November 3, 1940. p. 50.
- "Wisconsin". New York Times. November 4, 1942. p. 5.
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Philip La Follette
|Governor of Wisconsin
1939 – 1943
Walter Samuel Goodland