July 17, 1849|
|Died||November 19, 1929
Arlington, Virginia, United States
|Place of burial||Arlington National Cemetery|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Years of service||c. 1875–1896|
|Unit||22nd U.S. Infantry|
Great Sioux War of 1876
|Awards||Medal of Honor|
Sergeant Julius Alexis Schou (July 17, 1849 – November 19, 1929) was an American soldier in the U.S. Army who served with the 22nd U.S. Infantry during the Sioux Wars. During the Great Sioux War of 1876, Schou risked his life volunteering to carry dispatches from commanders in the field to Fort Buford. He was eventually recognized for his efforts and received the Medal of Honor on November 19, 1884.
Julius Alexis Schou was born on July 17, 1849, in Copenhagen, Denmark. He later emigrated to the United States and lived in Brooklyn, New York before enlisting in the United States Army in the mid-to late 1870s. Assigned to frontier duty in the Dakota Territory, he saw considerable action with the 22nd U.S. Infantry Regiment during the Sioux Wars. It was during the Great Sioux War of 1876 that the 27-year-old corporal volunteered to deliver dispatches from Brigadier General Elwell Stephen Otis to General William B. Hazen at Fort Buford, a dangerous task which required Schou to ride long distances though wide-open Indian territory, and was cited for distinguished by his superiors. He received an immediate transfer to Troop G of the 4th U.S. Cavalry Regiment and was promoted to the rank of sergeant. He later received the Medal of Honor in recognition of his actions on November 19, 1884; though he won the award in 1876, his MOH citation was incorrectly dated 1870. Prior to his retirement, he served as a recruiting officer in Seattle and, in 1896, was interviewed by The Spokesman-Review. Schou died on November 19, 1929, at the age of 80, and interred at Arlington National Cemetery.
Medal of Honor citation
Rank and organization: Corporal, Company I, 22d U.S. Infantry. Place and date: Sioux Campaign, 1870. Entered service at: --. Birth: Denmark. Date of issue: 19 November 1884.
Carried dispatches to Fort Buford.
- Senate Committee on Veterans Affairs. Medal of Honor recipients, 1863-1978, 96th Cong., 1st sess. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office, 1979. (pg. 312)
- Army Times Publishing Company. "Military Times Hall of Valor: Julius Alexis Schou". Awards and Citations: Medal of Honor. MilitaryTimes.com. Retrieved December 29, 2010.
- Sterner, C. Douglas (1999). "MOH Citation for Julius Schou". MOH Recipients: Indian Campaigns. HomeofHeroes.com. Retrieved December 29, 2010.
- Smith, Oskaloosa, Robert L. Hamilton and William H. Wassell. A History of the Twenty-Second United States Infantry. Manila, Philippines: E.C. McCullough & Co., 1904. (pg. 28)
- "1st Battalion 22nd Infantry: The 22nd Infantry 1874-1878". 1-22Infantry.org. Retrieved December 29, 2010.
- "His Ride Among Hostile Sioux; Congress Presented Sergeant Schou With A Medal of Honor". The Spokesman-Review. March 18, 1896. Retrieved December 29, 2010.
- Holt, Dean W. American Military Cemeteries: A Comprehensive Illustrated Guide to the Hallowed Grounds of the United States, including Cemeteries Overseas. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland, 1992. ISBN 0-89950-666-6
- Sterner, C. Douglas (1999). "Photo of Grave site of MOH Recipient Julius Schou". Medal of Honor Recipient Gravesites In The State of. HomeofHeroes.com. Retrieved December 29, 2010.
- "Julius Alexius Schou, Sergeant, United States Army". ArlingtonCemetery.net. September 28, 2003. Retrieved December 29, 2010.
- "Medal of Honor recipients". Indian War Campaigns. United States Army Center of Military History. June 8, 2009. Retrieved June 29, 2009.
- Julius Schou at Find a Grave Retrieved on December 29, 2010
- Indian War Campaigns Medal of Honor Recipients for the United States Army at Army Knowledge Online