Julius Wilbrand

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Julius Bernhard Friedrich Adolph Wilbrand (August 22, 1839 – June 22, 1906)[1] was a German chemist. Born in Gießen to Franz Joseph Julius Wilbrand and Albertine Knapp,[1] he discovered trinitrotoluene in 1863,[2][3] but the compound's use as an explosive was not developed until later. Wilbrand obtained trinitrotoluene or TNT by the nitration of toluene.


  1. ^ a b Familienarchiv Familie Wilbrand O13, Nr. 139, Hessisches Landesmuseum Darmstadt.
  2. ^ Annalen der Chemie und Pharmacie, Bd. 128, 1863, S. 178-179.
  3. ^ G. Carlton Smith: TNT. Trinitrotoluenes and Mono- and Dinitrotoluenes, Their Manufacture and Properties, New York 1918, S. 17-18.