Julius von Grawert
|Julius August Rheingold von Gravert|
|him Julius August Reinhold von Grawert|
|Date of Birth||December 28, 1746|
|Place of Birth||Koenigsberg|
|Date of death||September 18, 1821 (74 years)|
|Place of death||Landek ( Glatz )|
|Battles / Wars||Seven Years War , War for the Bavarian Succession , War of the First Coalition , War of the Fourth Coalition, Napoleon's campaign in Russia|
|Awards and prizes|
Julius August Reinhold von Grawert (1746–1821) was a Prussian general. Julius was the son of Johann Benjamin of von Grawert (1709–1759) and his wife Christiane Sophie, née von Schollenstern (1717–1796). During the Battle of Jena-Auerstedt on 14 October 1806, he led a division under Frederick Louis, Prince of Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen at Jena.
As Generalleutnant, Grawert commanded the Prussian auxiliary corps attached to French Emperor Napoleon I's Grande Armée during the French invasion of Russia. Grawert was replaced by Ludwig Yorck von Wartenburg in 1812. He retired in 1820 to Silesia.
Julius August Reinhold von Gravert was born on December 28, 1746 in Königsberg ( East Prussia ), and entered the military field for 12 years during the Seven Years War , on the eve of the Battle of Kunersdorf . After the Peace of Gubertsburg, he was in Breslavl in the infantry regiment of Tauentsin and was promoted to lieutenant .
At the beginning of the War of Bavarian Succession , in 1778, he was adjutant to the crown prince of Brunswick, Ferdinand .
When the transformation of the army was proposed after the death of Frederick II , then Major Gravert was drafted to Berlin and worked there for several months to build a military college, but in 1788 he was transferred to Halberstadt as commander of the 21st Infantry Regiment of the Duke of Brunswick and soon promoted to lieutenant colonel .
In 1790 he entered the quartermaster general at the General Staff building, and in this position he sent various assignments.
The campaign against the French Republic called for Graverte to a real military career. When the quartermaster general Pfau received another appointment, Gravert took this important post and on January 28, 1793 he was promoted to colonel . Both Prussian commanders, the Duke of Brunswick and Field Marshal Möllendorf , were completely pleased with him; He became famous in all the battles and campaigns of the First Coalition , proving his talents as a practical warrior and as a war writer.
After the World of Basel Gravert remained some time at the General Staff, a July 7, 1798 promoted to major general .
In 1800, he was entrusted with the supervision of six infantry regiments located in Upper Silesia ; in 1804, he was made chief of staff in Glac , and on May 29, 1805, he was promoted to lieutenant general .
In the campaign in 1806 Gravert headed the infantry division and took part in the battle of Jena . After the Peace of Tilsit, he was appointed Governor-General of Silesia.
In this position, Gravert managed to win the respect of the French generals and of Napoleon himself , who demanded him as the commanders of the Prussian corps, who in 1812 with the French army went to Russia . Ho not long Gravert commanded this corps; already in the first case at Ekau, he fell off his horse and broke his leg, which was why he was forced to transfer his command over Prussian troops to Lieutenant General Yorkeand go to Silesia. There is a widespread version in the literature that Gravert was sharply opposed to the French, and a broken leg was only a reason to leave the army.
Gravert spent the last years of his life in his estate Landeck , in the Kladsk county , and died in the rank of infantry general on September 18, 1821.
Gravert's correspondence with the Duke of Brunswick, which contains a description of events for about thirty years, is the most important source on the military history of Prussia of the late XVIII - early XIX centuries
- Petre, F. Loraine. Napoleon's Conquest of Prussia 1806. London: Lionel Leventhal Ltd., 1993 (1907). ISBN 1-85367-145-2
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