July 1909

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1909
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December
01 02 03
04 05 06 07 08 09 10
11 12 13 14 15 16 17
18 19 20 21 22 23 24
25 26 27 28 29 30 31
July 16, 1909: Iranian tyrant Qajar deposed in democratic revolution
July 25, 1909: Bleriot becomes first man to fly an aircraft across English Channel
July 19, 1909: Hudson Terminal and 22-storey twin towers open at future site of World Trade Center in New York
July 27, 1909:SS Waratah and 211 people on board vanish without a trace

The following events occurred in July 1909:

July 1, 1909 (Thursday)[edit]

July 2, 1909 (Friday)[edit]

July 3, 1909 (Saturday)[edit]

  • The first Hudson automobile, the "Model 20", came off the assembly line in Detroit. The last Hudson was manufactured in 1957, after the company merged into AMC.[6]
  • Federal charges were filed against the manufacturers of Koca Nola, the third most popular cola after Coke and Pepsi, after a one-gallon jug of the syrup was found to include cocaine. Ironically, the company's slogan was "Delicious and Dopeless". The company was fined $100 for "adulteration" and failure to disclose ingredients; bottling of Koca Nola ceased after the company went bankrupt in 1910.[7]

July 4, 1909 (Sunday)[edit]

  • Architect Daniel Burnham and a team of planners unveiled the Plan of Chicago, also known as the Burnham Plan, a long range vision for the Windy City.[8]
  • A 16-foot-tall (4.9 m) pedestal and bust of Abraham Lincoln was dedicated in Scranton, Pennsylvania, at Nay Aug Park. The statue disappeared at some point in the next few decades, and clues to its whereabouts were still being sought a century later.[9]
  • France's battleship Danton, the first to have turbine engines, was launched from the shipyard at Brest. The Danton was torpedoed and sunk on March 19, 1917.[10]

July 5, 1909 (Monday)[edit]

  • Suffragette Marion Wallace Dunlop introduced the "hunger strike" to Britain, after being jailed for disturbing Parliament. Dunlop's fast lasted 91 hours, attracting enough publicity that the government agreed to meet with the suffrage movement leaders. She was released on July 8, becoming a heroine for women's suffrage and an example for protestors ever since.[11]
  • The proposed Sixteenth Amendment (income tax) passed the U.S. Senate unanimously, 77–0, and moved on to the House.[12]
  • Born: Mohammed Gharib, known as the "Father of Pediatrics in Iran" after authoring a 1941 Persian language textbook on childhood disease (d. 1975)

July 6, 1909 (Tuesday)[edit]

July 7, 1909 (Wednesday)[edit]

July 8, 1909 (Thursday)[edit]

July 9, 1909 (Friday)[edit]

July 10, 1909 (Saturday)[edit]

  • China and the United States reached the first agreement providing for Chinese students to enroll at American universities. The Imperial Court approved Qianpai YouMei Xuesheng Banfa Dagang, an outline of regulations for selecting suitable candidates for study in the U.S., after its delivery by the Ministry of Education.[20]

July 11, 1909 (Sunday)[edit]

July 12, 1909 (Monday)[edit]

July 13, 1909 (Tuesday)[edit]

July 14, 1909 (Wednesday)[edit]

July 15, 1909 (Thursday)[edit]

  • After China refused to let American banks participate with Germany, Britain and France in financing of a railway building project, U.S. President William Howard Taft personally cabled a request to Prince Chun, the regent for the Chinese Emperor, to be allowed in. China renegotiated the agreement to include American banks, and problems with the project later contributed to the downfall of the Empire in 1911.[32]
  • Born: Hendrik B. G. Casimir, Dutch theoretical physicist and discoverer of the Casimir effect, at The Hague (died 2000)
  • Died: George Tyrrell, 48, Modernist theologian within the Catholic Church

July 16, 1909 (Friday)[edit]

July 17, 1909 (Saturday)[edit]

  • Huntington Beach, California, was incorporated, with 915 residents within its 3.57 square miles (9.2 km2). From 1960 to 1970, with the annexation of adjoining farmland, the city's population grew tenfold, from 11,492 to 115,960, and now has nearly 200,000 inhabitants.[36]
  • Glenn Curtiss piloted the airplane Gold Bug for 15 12 miles at Mineola, New York, earning a $10,000 prize from Scientific American magazine.[37]
  • After 45 consecutive at-bats without a hit, Brooklyn Dodgers' catcher Bill Bergen got a single. The record still stands a century later.[38]

July 18, 1909 (Sunday)[edit]

July 19, 1909 (Monday)[edit]

July 20, 1909 (Tuesday)[edit]

July 21, 1909 (Wednesday)[edit]

  • The first baseball game in Korea took place in Seoul. Yun Ik-hyon and 24 other Korean university students had learned the game while studying in Tokyo, and organized a match against American foreign missionaries. The Korea Baseball Organization would later refer to it as "the turning point for Korean baseball".[47]

July 22, 1909 (Thursday)[edit]

  • The Republic of Paraguay enacted its first compulsory education law, requiring all children, 5 to 14, to attend school. On September 6, the "Law for the Conversion of the Indian Tribes" was enacted, providing for public land grants of 7,500 hectares (roughly 29 square miles) to establish schools, churches and housing for Indians converted to Christianity.[48]

July 23, 1909 (Friday)[edit]

July 24, 1909 (Saturday)[edit]

  • John Flanagan became the oldest person to break a sports record when he had a distance of 56.18 meters in the hammer throw. The Irish-born, NYPD cop was 41 years old.[51]
  • At D'Urville Island in New Zealand, the first sighting was made of an "Aerialite", a brightly lit object flying over the bay. For the next six weeks, the unidentified flying object was observed across New Zealand from Otago to Auckland.[52]
  • Born: John George Haigh, British serial killer, in Stamford (hanged 1949)

July 25, 1909 (Sunday)[edit]

  • Louis Blériot landed the Blériot XI at 5:17 a.m. in England, at Northfall Meadow near Dover. Having taken off from the French village of Les Baraques, near Calais, 36 minutes earlier, Blériot became the first person to fly an airplane across the English Channel, and made the first international flight as well. A British newspaper noted the next day, "England's isolation has ended once and for all."[53] Blériot, who was recovering from surgery and had no compass, crash-landed. Legend has it that the 25 horsepower (19 kW) airplane engine was saved from overheating by a slight drizzle as he neared the English coast. Blériot won a ₤1,000 prize from the London Daily Mail and received hundreds of orders for his airplane.[45]

July 26, 1909 (Monday)[edit]

  • The SS Waratah departed Durban, South Africa, with 211 passengers and crew on board, bound for a 3-day journey to Cape Town, its next stop on a voyage from Australia to Britain. The Waratah was spotted on the 27th by the Clan MacIntyre, and never seen again. No trace of the ship has ever been found.[54] Explorer Emlyn Brown thought he had located the wreckage in 1999, but had found, instead, a freighter sunk during World War II.[55] As of 2009, no trace of the Waratah has been found.
  • Born: Vivian Vance, actress (Ethel Mertz on I Love Lucy), in Cherryvale, Kansas, as Vivian Roberta Jones (died 1979)

July 27, 1909 (Tuesday)[edit]

July 28, 1909 (Wednesday)[edit]

July 29, 1909 (Thursday)[edit]

July 30, 1909 (Friday)[edit]

July 31, 1909 (Saturday)[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sir William Wyllie Murdered By Hindu", New York Times, July 2, 1909, p1
  2. ^ Las Vegas Sun, January 4, 2009; Palm Beach County Library; Lincoln County, Montana, site
  3. ^ Piers Letcher, Eccentric France: The Bradt Guide to Mad, Magical and Marvellous France (Bradt Travel Guides, 2003), pp43–44
  4. ^ Donald Rothwell, The Polar Regions and the Development of International Law (Cambridge University Press, 1996), pp165–66
  5. ^ Vaclav Smil, Creating the Twentieth Century: Technical Innovations of 1867–1914 and Their Lasting Impact (Oxford University Press US, 2005), pp191
  6. ^ hudsonclub.org
  7. ^ Charles David Head, "Here's the Real Dope on Koca Nola", Bottles and Extras magazine (Summer 2005), pp11–13
  8. ^ "Burnham's gift", Chicago Tribune magazine, January 11, 2009; The Burnham Plan Centennial
  9. ^ "Lost Lincoln bust remains mystery", Washington Times, July 4, 2008
  10. ^ "French battleship Danton", BU Theology Library
  11. ^ James Vernon, Hunger: A Modern History (Harvard University Press, 2007), p61; "Hunger Strike Succeeds", New York Times, July 9, 1909, p3
  12. ^ "The Sixteenth Amendment: The Historical Background", by Arthur A. Ekirch, Jr., Cato Journal, p14
  13. ^ Ronald William Clark, Einstein: The Life and Times (HarperCollins, 1984), pp166–67
  14. ^ "Abbreviated Biographical Sketch of Walter Ritz"
  15. ^ Jerusalem Post: Implementing the Balfour Declaration. December 20, 2012.
  16. ^ "Hear Suffragettes, The King Commands", New York Times, July 9, 1909, p3
  17. ^ Joseph Nathan Kane, Famous First Facts, 4th Ed., (Ace Books, 1974) p97
  18. ^ A. O. Cukwurah, The Settlement of Boundary Disputes in International Law (Manchester University Press), pp192–194
  19. ^ "Anita Stewart Will Wed Prince Miguel", New York Times, July 10, 1909, p1
  20. ^ Hongshan Li, U.S.-China Educational Exchange: State, Society, and Intercultural Relations, 1905–1950 (Rutgers University Press, 2008), p61
  21. ^ Isaac M. Cline, Climatological Data for July 1909: District No. 7. Lower Mississippi Valley, pp 337–338; Monthly Weather Review July 1909
  22. ^ "House For Income Tax Plan", New York Times, July 13, 1909, p3; "The Sixteenth Amendment: The Historical Background", by Arthur A. Ekirch, Jr., Cato Journal, p14.
  23. ^ gpoaccess.gov
  24. ^ A. Wigfall Green, The Epic of Korea (READ BOOKS, 2007), p33
  25. ^ Crater Lake National Park website
  26. ^ Janet Afary, The Iranian Constitutional Revolution, 1906–1911: Grassroots Democracy, Social Democracy, and the Origins of Feminism (Columbia University Press, 1996), p252
  27. ^ Anne Cipriano Venzon, ed., The United States in the First World War: An Encyclopedia (Taylor & Francis, 1999), p84
  28. ^ William Leonard Langer, ed., The Encyclopedia of World History: Ancient, Medieval, and Modern, Chronologically Arranged (6th ed., Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2001), p560
  29. ^ Sovereignty, security and property rights in land: the cases of Thailand and Japan by Tomas Larsson, Cornell University, p25
  30. ^ Richard Compton-Hall, First Submarines: The Beginnings of Underwater Warfare (Periscope Publishing Ltd., 2004), p166
  31. ^ "Weston at End of His Long Walk", New York Times, July 15, 1909, p1
  32. ^ Feng-Hua Huang, Public Debts in China (Columbia University Press, 1919), p37
  33. ^ "Shah is Dethroned; Young Son Reigns", New York Times, July 17, 1909, p1
  34. ^ Audi of America press release, 2/9/09
  35. ^ "Eighteen Innings; No Runs", New York Times, July 17, 1909, p5; New York Times, August 6, 1990
  36. ^ "The History of Huntington Beach" by Wayne Edward Sherwood
  37. ^ "Curtiss in the Air Fifty-Two Minutes", New York Times, July 18, 1909, p1
  38. ^ Society for American Baseball Research, Deadball Stars of the National League (Brassey's, 2004), pp277–78
  39. ^ Slapstick!, July 2001, "Larry in Paperland", by Claudia Sassen
  40. ^ GenDisasters.com
  41. ^ "40,000 Celebrate New Tubes' Opening", New York Times, July 20, 1909, p3
  42. ^ James Glanz and Eric Lipton, City in the Sky: The Rise and Fall of the World Trade Center (Macmillan, 2003) p56
  43. ^ nycsubway.org
  44. ^ baseball-almanac.com
  45. ^ a b David B. Thurston, The World's Most Significant and Magnificent Aircraft (SAE, 2000), p48
  46. ^ "French Cabinet Out; Its Defeat Sudden", New York Times, July 21, 1909, p1
  47. ^ Joseph A. Reaves, Taking in a Game: A History of Baseball in Asia (University of Nebraska Press, 2002), p107
  48. ^ The Original Catholic Encyclopedia (Robert Appleton Co.), Volume XI, p471
  49. ^ Benedict le Vay, Eccentric Britain: The Bradt Guide to Britain's Follies and Foibles (Bradt Travel Guides, 2005), p217; "Flying into history", BBC Manchester
  50. ^  Lee, Sidney, ed. (1912). "Holder, Frederick William". Dictionary of National Biography, 1912 supplement​. 2. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 281–282.  ; "Opposition and the Media", by Paul Malone
  51. ^ www.olympic.org
  52. ^ Brad Steiger and Sherry Hansen Steiger, UFOs Are Here!: Unmasking the Greatest Conspiracy of Our Time (Citadel Press, 2001), pp36–37
  53. ^ "Blériot XI – The Channel Crosser".
  54. ^ R. Dewitt Miller, Forgotten Mysteries 1947 (Kessinger Publishing, 2004), pp41–42
  55. ^ "The Titanic of the southern seas", The Guardian, April 19, 2004
  56. ^ B. Chance Saltzman and Thomas R. Searle, Introduction to the United States Air Force (DIANE Publishing, 2001), p111
  57. ^ SABR Biography Project
  58. ^ James M. Rubenstein, The Changing US Auto Industry (Routledge, 1992), p56
  59. ^ Timothy J. Botti, Envy of the World: A History of the U.S. Economy & Big Business (Algora Publishing, 2006), p164
  60. ^ Kevin Grant, A Civilised Savagery: Britain and the New Slaveries in Africa, 1884–1926 (Routledge, 2005), pp129–130
  61. ^ John T. Correll, "The First of the Force", Air Force Magazine, August 2007, pp46–51
  62. ^ Roy Hattersley, The Edwardians (Macmillan, 2005), pp163–165
  63. ^ "Acapulco Total Wreck", New York Times, August 2, 1909, p1; "Mexico Has Water Famine", New York Times, August 3, 1909, p1
  64. ^ Said Amir Arjomand, The Turban for the Crown: The Islamic Revolution in Iran (Oxford University Press US, 1989), p55
  65. ^ historytogo.utah.gov
  66. ^ "Celebrate Colorado's 1859 Gold Rush"