July 1910

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The following events occurred in July 1910:

July 4, 1910: Black challenger Jack Johnson defeats White world heavyweight boxing champion James J. Jeffries in 15th round at Reno

July 1, 1910 (Friday)[edit]

July 2, 1910 (Saturday)[edit]

  • U.S. President Taft first employed a new power authorized under the General Withdrawal Act of 1910, removing 8,495,731 acres (34,381.00 km2) of Alaskan lands from public use.[2][3]
  • Born: Morris Cohen (a/k/a Peter Kroger) American Communist who became a spy for the Soviet Union; in New York. After helping pass American atomic secrets to the Soviets in the 1940s, he and his wife, Lona Cohen, were given the cover of Peter and Helen Kroger, and spied against Britain's Royal Navy in the 1950s (d. 1995)
  • Died: Frederick James Furnivall, 85, co-creator of the Oxford English Dictionary

July 3, 1910 (Sunday)[edit]

  • At the second annual air show at Bétheny Plain in France, near Rheims, spectators watched the unprecedented sight of multiple (as many as 15) airplanes in the sky at the same time, "circling the track like a flight of great birds". The show was marred by the death of aviator Charles Wachter, whose Antoinette VII monoplane plunged from 500 feet (150 m) after the wings collapsed.[4]
  • Born: Esau Jenkins, African-American educator and founder of "citizenship school" movement to assist black voter registration, in Johns Island, South Carolina (d. 1972)

July 4, 1910 (Monday)[edit]

  • The Johnson-Jeffries Fight: In one of the most eagerly anticipated boxing matches of all time, the first African-American challenger for the World Heavyweight Championship of boxing, Jack Johnson defeated the man whom writer Jack London described as "the chosen representative of the white race, and this time the greatest of them", taking the crown from heavyweight champion James J. Jeffries in the fifteenth round of their bout in Reno, Nevada. One hour and 14 rounds after the fight began at 1:30 pm PST, Jeffries— who boasted that he had never been knocked down in a fight— fell three times to Johnson's punches, and was being counted out when his manager called the fight.[5][6] A crowd of 18,020 attended, and telegraphed reports were followed across the nation. Johnson and Jeffries both made over $100,000 from the purse, bonuses, and the sale of film rights.
  • In St. Petersburg, Russia and Japan signed a treaty in which they divided their "spheres of influence" in Manchuria (where both nations were building railroads) and in the rest of Asia. Japan annexed Korea the next month, with no objection from Russia.[7]
  • Klaus Berntsen became the new Prime Minister of Denmark.[2]
  • A "safe and sane" public education program reduced the number of serious injuries and deaths during the Fourth of July by more than 40 percent. There were 24 deaths and 1,294 injuries, down from 44 and 2,361 for July 4, 1909.[8]
  • Nineteen people were killed in a train collision at Middletown, Ohio.[2]
  • Born: Robert K. Merton, American sociologist and social theorist, as Meyer R. Schkolnick, in Philadelphia (d. 2003); and Gloria Stuart, American actress, whose films included Air Mail (1932) and Titanic (1997); in Santa Monica (d. 2010)
  • Died: Giovanni Schiaparelli, 75, Italian astronomer who first discovered canal-like markings on the planet Mars, and Melville Fuller, 77, Chief Justice of the United States.[2]

July 5, 1910 (Tuesday)[edit]

  • Cities across America prohibited the exhibition of films of the Johnson-Jeffries bout, after at least ten people had been killed in racial violence that followed the fight. Bans were implemented in Washington, Atlanta, Baltimore, St. Louis and Cincinnati. At Ogden, Utah, three white men cursed Johnson at a railway station and attempted to board his private train car, before being turned back by one of Johnson's trainers. In Washington, police arrested 236 people, mostly African-American.[9]
  • North Carolina Central University, a historically black university in Durham, North Carolina, near Duke University, held its first classes.[10]
  • Wilhelm Beckert, formerly the Chancellor of Germany's embassy in Chile, was executed by a firing squad in Santiago after his conviction of the February 5, 1909 murder of a Chilean employee. Beckert, who had embezzled embassy funds and set fire to the building in hopes of covering up the crime, was tried in a Chilean court after the German government waived objections to his trial.[11]

July 6, 1910 (Wednesday)[edit]

  • The U.S. government won its first suit against the manufacture of bleached flour, under the Pure Food and Drug Act. Since 1905, the Alsop process had used nitrogen peroxide, which made wheat flour snow white, but removed the nutrients. Bleaching became permissible again after the FDA mandated vitamin enrichment of wheat flour.[12]
  • Burke County, North Dakota, was established.[13]
  • The city of Redmond, Oregon, was incorporated.

July 7, 1910 (Thursday)[edit]

  • Only three days after The Johnson-Jeffries Fight various states and cities in the USA declare they would not allow the screening of the footage.[14] The picture is banned virtually everywhere in the South [15]
  • King Alfonso XIII of Spain approved legislation to stop further religious orders from entering Spain. The Vatican protested the action four days later.[2]
  • President Taft ordered the withdrawal of 35,073,164 acres (141,936.06 km2) of coalfield lands, in the western United States, from public use, with nearly half of it in North Dakota.[16]
  • The first gold-importation since the Panic of '07 began in New York City.[2]
  • The town of Bucoda, Washington—-named for J.M. Buckley, Sam Coulter, and J.B. David—-was incorporated.[17]
  • The village of Cuyuna, Minnesota—named by prospector Cuyler Adams for himself and his dog Una—was incorporated.[18]

July 8, 1910 (Friday)[edit]

  • Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, a leader in the Indian independence movement, escaped his imprisonment on the mail ship S.S. Morea, and then swam to Marseilles. Savarkar reached the jurisdiction of France, but was recaptured by three men from the Morea, and taken back to British custody. "The Savarkar Case" became an international incident over the violation of France's sovereignty by the United Kingdom, and was taken to the International Court of Justice, which ruled that the British government was not required to return Savarkar to the French government.[19]
  • In what has been described as "the beginning of performance art",[20] Filippo Tommaso Marinetti dropped 800,000 leaflets from the Clock Tower in Venice with his manifesto "Against Traditional Venice".[21]
  • The New York American broke the story that a combination of Wall Street bankers would be working for the Princeton University's President, Woodrow Wilson, to be the Democratic Party nominee for President in 1912, with a trial run for Governor of New Jersey.[22]
  • Died: Alexander Burgener, 65, Swiss mountaineer, in an avalanche

July 9, 1910 (Saturday)[edit]

  • Walter Brookins became the first person to fly an airplane to an altitude of more than one mile (1.6 km). After taking off from Atlantic City, Brookins reached an altitude of 6,175 feet (1,882 m) at 6:17 p.m., the mark being verified by triangulation from ground observers. The previous record, also set by Brookins, had been 4,939 feet (1,505 m).[23]

July 10, 1910 (Sunday)[edit]

July 11, 1910 (Monday)[edit]

July 12, 1910 (Tuesday)[edit]

  • Aviator Charles Stewart Rolls was killed at Bournemouth after his airplane suddenly dropped from a height of 40 feet (12 m). His partnership with Henry Royce effectively came to an end, but the automobile company that the two entrepreneurs designed, and Rolls's name lives on in the Rolls-Royce.[26]
  • The heaviest rainfall in 24 hours in the history of India—838 mm (33 in)—fell at Cherrapunji. That record would stand for 95 years, until June 25, 2005, when 944 mm (37 in) killed more than 25 people in Mumbai.[27]
  • A body, believed to be that of missing actress Belle Elmore Crippen, was found by London police at the home, on 39 Hilldrop Crescent, that she had shared with her husband, Dr. Hawley Harvey Crippen. Dr. Crippen had fled the scene three days earlier after one interview with police, and Belle Elmore had not been seen since February.[28]

July 13, 1910 (Wednesday)[edit]

  • Women's Wear Daily published its first issue.[29]
  • All five persons on board the German dirigible Erbslöh were killed when its gasoline-powered engine exploded at an altitude of 480 meters over Leichlingen, including inventor Oskar Erbslöh. The crew had been testing the airship in preparation for passenger service. A log kept by the engineer noted at 9:09 am the ship's altitude five minutes after takeoff.[30]

July 14, 1910 (Thursday)[edit]

July 15, 1910 (Friday)[edit]

Dr. Alzheimer

July 16, 1910 (Saturday)[edit]

July 17, 1910 (Sunday)[edit]

  • Japan notified the European nations that commercial treaties, limiting tariffs, would all expire within one year of the announcement.[38]

July 18, 1910 (Monday)[edit]

July 19, 1910 (Tuesday)[edit]

Cy Young
  • In Washington, D.C., Cy Young of the Cleveland Indians became the first—and to date, the only—Major League Baseball pitcher to record 500 wins, in a 5–2 win over the Washington Senators.[39] Young would finish with 511 wins in his career, with Walter Johnson second at 417 wins. Of current players, Tom Glavine and Randy Johnson have 305 and 303 wins respectively.[40]
  • In the German town of Friedrichshafen, the plant at Carbonium PLC, created in 1909 to supply hydrogen gas to Luftschiffbau Zeppelin, exploded, and was not rebuilt until 1914.[41]

July 20, 1910 (Wednesday)[edit]

July 21, 1910 (Thursday)[edit]

July 22, 1910 (Friday)[edit]

  • Cri de Paris reported that da Vinci's painting La Giaconda, more popularly known as "the Mona Lisa", had been stolen from the Louvre a month earlier, with a copy being substituted for the original.[44] Although the incident was a false alarm, the painting would be stolen in 1911, and not returned until 1913.
  • Dr. Hawley Harvey Crippen, sought by Scotland Yard for the murder of his wife Belle, was recognized by the captain of the ship SS Montrose. Captain Henry George Kendall telegraphed the headquarters of the White Star Line, which in turn notified Inspector Walter Dew.[45]
  • The city of Tracy, California, was incorporated.

July 23, 1910 (Saturday)[edit]

  • The Japanese steamer Tetsurei foundered near Jindo Island off of Korea, with a loss of 210 of its 250 passengers.[46]
  • The city of Milan was battered by a tornado that killed more than 60 people and caused millions of dollars of damage to the Italian city.[42]

July 24, 1910 (Sunday)[edit]

Paul Bunyan and Babe
  • Author James MacGillivray brought the legend of Paul Bunyan into national prominence, adapting various lumber camp tales into stories for children as part of a series in the Detroit News-Tribune. Later writers, particularly W.B. Laughead and Esther Shepherd, added to the American mythology of the gigantic lumberjack and his large blue ox, Babe, and Paul Bunyan would be celebrated in the works of Robert Frost, Carl Sandburg, W.H. Auden and others.[47]
  • Mayor A.H. Bousman of Ridgeway, Virginia, was killed after a bomb was thrown into his yard. Bousman, whose legs were blown off by the explosion, died half an hour later.[48]

July 25, 1910 (Monday)[edit]

  • A sudden downpour at the Hungarian town of Diósd caused flash flooding of the Danube River, drowning at least 25 people.[49]

July 26, 1910 (Tuesday)[edit]

  • Prices on the New York Stock Exchange dropped dramatically, with 110 of 146 issues hitting record lows for 1910.[50]
  • Mirza Hasan Ashtiani Mostowfi ol-Mamalek was appointed as Prime Minister of Persia for the first time, and began a campaign against the power of the Mujahideen rebels.[51] Mostowfi would serve on multiple occasions between 1910 and 1927.
  • The comic strip characters of Krazy Kat and "Ignatz Mouse" first did battle, as a companion feature to George Herriman's strip The Dingbat Family. The cat and the brick-throwing mouse would become so popular that Krazy Kat would be syndicated as its own strip.[52]

July 27, 1910 (Wednesday)[edit]

July 28, 1910 (Thursday)[edit]

July 29, 1910 (Friday)[edit]

  • As Spain's King Alfonso and Prime Minister Canalejas severed relations with the Vatican, Carlist Pretender to the Spanish throne, Don Jaime, sent a message to his followers saying that "I think the day is not far distant when my followers must rally to our flag, and I will lead the battle." [57]
  • Rioting broke out in Palestine, Texas, with at least 18 African-Americans killed[58]

July 30, 1910 (Saturday)[edit]

The Bristol Boxkite
  • The Bristol Boxkite, the first British manufactured airplane (Bristol Aeroplane Company), made its first flight. Through mergers, the company was consolidated into what is now BAE Systems.[59]
  • Isidore Bloom, a 7-year-old boy, fell from the roof of his five-story apartment in New York City but survived by falling on clotheslines. Four lines snapped, but Isidore managed to catch and hold on to the fifth.[60]

July 31, 1910 (Sunday)[edit]

  • After arriving in Canada as a passenger on the SS Montrose Dr. Hawley Harvey Crippen was arrested by Inspector Walter Dew of Scotland Yard for the murder of his wife, Belle. Crippen, an American citizen, had made the mistake of taking a ship to Canada, where Dew had jurisdiction as a British officer, rather than to the United States.[61] Crippen would be executed, in England, four months later.
  • Split Rock Lighthouse was first lit. Located in Minnesota at Lake Superior, the lighthouse continued its beacon until 1969, and is now part of a state park of the same name, and is one of the most photographed lighthouses in the world.[62]
  • Died: John G. Carlisle, 74, former Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, and Charles Q. Tirrell, Massachusetts Congressman.[42]

References[edit]

  1. ^ BallparkTour.com
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Record of Current Events", The American Monthly Review of Reviews (August 1910), pp162–165
  3. ^ "Taft Preserves Land Under the New Law", New York Times, July 4, 1910, p1
  4. ^ "Aviator Killed at Rheims", New York Times, July 4, 1910, p1
  5. ^ "Johnson Wins In 15 Rounds; Jeffries Weak", New York Times, July 5, 1910, p1
  6. ^ Ed Cray, et al., American Datelines: Major News Stories from Colonial Times to the Present (University of Illinois Press, 2003), p129
  7. ^ Peter N. Stearns, ed., The Encyclopedia of World History (Houghton Mifflin, 2001) p574
  8. ^ "Fourth's Dead, 24; The Injured, 1,294", New York Times, July 5, 1910, p8
  9. ^ "Bar Fight Pictures to Avoid Race Riots"; "Roughs Attack Johnson"; "236 Arrests in Washington", New York Times, July 6, 1910, p3
  10. ^ NCCU website
  11. ^ "Diplomat Shot for Murder", New York Times, July 6, 1910, p4
  12. ^ "Bleached Flour Put Under Ban", Atlanta Constitution, July 7, 1910, p1; Jensen Anderson, Empty Harvest: Understanding the Link between Our Food, Our Immunity and Our Planet (Penguin Putnam, 1990), p126
  13. ^ Joseph Nathan Kane, The American Counties (4th Ed.), (The Scarecrow Press, 1983), p480
  14. ^ http://www.law.nyu.edu/sites/default/files/ECM_PRO_066938.pdf
  15. ^ https://books.google.be/books?id=GWgaA-ExOC4C&pg=PA98&lpg=PA98&dq=johnson-jeffries+fight+film&source=bl&ots=EDVunWVthg&sig=V_qgieZOJScSrer1vsFk6trqMC4&hl=nl&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj0kpbsxJzKAhWCthoKHdkRApA4ChDoAQgnMAI#v=onepage&q=johnson-jeffries%20fight%20film&f=false
  16. ^ "Taft Withdraws Big Coal Tracts", New York Times, July 8, 1910, p2
  17. ^ trpc.org
  18. ^ http://www.lakesnwoods.com/Cuyuna.htm
  19. ^ Bhawan Singh Rana, Veer Vinayak Damodar Savarkar: An Immortal Revolutionary of India (Diamond Books, 2004) pp29–31
  20. ^ "Performance Art Festival", October 2–15, 1978, Brussels, p166
  21. ^ Günter Berghaus, ed., F.T. Marinetti: Critical Writings (Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 2006) p166
  22. ^ "Woodrow Wilson in 1912", Washington Post, July 8, 1910, p1
  23. ^ Goes Up 6,175 Feet in Wright Biplane
  24. ^ "Power of poem immortalizes Cubs trio", mlb.com June 25, 2008]
  25. ^ "Millions of Cones Seized", Washington Post, July 12, 1910, p1
  26. ^ Tribune of India, May 16, 2004; "Killed in His Aero", Washington Post, July 13, 1910, p1
  27. ^ "Rain wreaks havoc in Mumbai", Tribune of India, June 27, 2005
  28. ^ "Think She Is Slain", Washington Post, July 14, 1910, p1
  29. ^ Gale Directory of Publications & Broadcast Media, Volume 2 (Gale Publishing, 2008), p1589
  30. ^ "Air Wreck Kills 5", Washington Post, July 14, 1910, p1
  31. ^ Konrad Maurer and Ulrike Maurer, Alzheimer: The Life of the Physician and the Career of a Disease (Columbia University Press, 2003) p175
  32. ^ "Paderewski Gives Statue", Washington Post, July 16, 1910, p1
  33. ^ Polonus Philatelic Society
  34. ^ "Restrepo Elected President", Washington Post, July 17, 1910, p1
  35. ^ "Monorail Car Falls On Its First Trip", New York Times, July 17, 1910, p1
  36. ^ "Son pays homage to aviation achievement", transcript from The 7:30 Report, July 8, 2007
  37. ^ "Andrews County History", County of Andrews website
  38. ^ Ayako Hotta-Lister, The Japan-British Exhibition of 1910: Gateway to the Island Empire of the East (Routledge, 1999) p170
  39. ^ "Cy Young Wins 500th Victory", New York Times, July 20, 1910, p10
  40. ^ BaseballAlmanac.com
  41. ^ "City of Zeppelins – Friedrichshafen"
  42. ^ a b c d e f "Record of Current Events", The American Monthly Review of Reviews (September 1910), pp289–292
  43. ^ "Big Gun's Blast Kills Eleven", Washington Post, July 22, 1910, p1
  44. ^ "'Mona Lisa' Stolen", Washington Post, July 23, 1910, p1.
  45. ^ Crime and Investigation website
  46. ^ "Crew Sinks With Ship", Washington Post, July 25, 1910, p1
  47. ^ "Bunyan, Paul", in Merriam-Webster's Encyclopedia of Literature (Merriam-Webster, 1995), p186
  48. ^ "Slain With a Bomb", Washington Post, July 26, 1910, p1
  49. ^ "Cloudburst Fatal to Twenty-Five", Washington Post, July 27, 1910
  50. ^ "Stocks Go Crashing", Washington Post, July 27, 1910, p1
  51. ^ Mark J. Mullenbach, TPI-Intrastate Disputes Project[permanent dead link]
  52. ^ M. Thomas Inge, Comics as Culture (University Press of Mississippi, 1990), p45
  53. ^ Michael Paris, Winged Warfare: The Literature and Theory of Aerial warfare in Britain, 1859–1917 (Manchester University Press, 1992), pp71–72, quoting Daily Mail, 28 July 1910
  54. ^ "Harding Is Named", Washington Post, July 28, 1910, p1
  55. ^ Official Guide to Lilburn GA
  56. ^ "The Pollock Pines Epic"
  57. ^ "Breaks With Pope", Washington Post, July 30, 1910, p1
  58. ^ "Many Die In Riots", Washington Post, July 31, 1910, p1
  59. ^ "Science and Society"
  60. ^ "Sheets Flap and Towels Hang Out", New York Times, May 29, 2009; "Five-Story Fall Didn't Feaze Him", New York Times, July 31, 1910, p1
  61. ^ http://www.crimeandinvestigation.co.uk/crime-files/dr-hawley-harvey-crippen/arrest.html;jsessionid=D2F3BDF5A6E25C59AF270D2C375CA3FF.public1
  62. ^ "Split Rock Lighthouse Virtual Tour"