July 1960

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1960
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The following events occurred in July 1960:

July 4, 1960: The 50-star U.S. flag becomes official
July 14, 1960: Stuart Symington dropped as Kennedy's running mate in favor of future U.S. President Johnson
July 12, 1960: The Etch-a-Sketch toy introduced

July 1, 1960 (Friday)[edit]

July 2, 1960 (Saturday)[edit]

  • A riot broke out during the Newport Jazz Festival in Newport, Rhode Island, after a crowd of about 3,000 people, mostly white, were angry about a lack of seating for the concerts. Order was not restored until three companies of the state National Guard were sent in.[4]
  • Former U.S. President Harry S. Truman said at a news conference in Independence, Missouri, that Democratic Party frontrunner John F. Kennedy lacked the maturity to be President, and that Kennedy should decline the nomination. Kennedy responded two days later, saying "I have encountered and survived every kind of hazard and opposition, and I do not intend to withdraw my name now, on the eve of the convention." [5]
  • Died: José Coll y Cuchí, 83, founder of the Puerto Rican Nationalist Party

July 3, 1960 (Sunday)[edit]

  • The French Grand Prix was held at Reims-Gueux and won by Jack Brabham.
  • A bolt of lightning struck a group of religious pilgrims as they carried a statue of the Virgin Mary to the summit of Mount Bisalta, near Cuneo in Italy. Four were killed and 30 more injured.[6]

July 4, 1960 (Monday)[edit]

  • For the first time, a 50-star flag of the United States was hoisted, raised at 12:01 a.m. (EDT), at the Fort McHenry National Monument in Baltimore, and at the U.S. Capitol in Washington. At the time, there were only seven places in the United States where the national flag was permitted to be flown during hours of darkness.[7]

July 5, 1960 (Tuesday)[edit]

July 6, 1960 (Wednesday)[edit]

July 7, 1960 (Thursday)[edit]

July 8, 1960 (Friday)[edit]

July 9, 1960 (Saturday)[edit]

  • Rodger Woodward, a seven-year-old boy, became the first person known to survive an accidental plunge over Niagara Falls. Roger had been a passenger in a boat on the Niagara River, when the outboard motor failed. He fell 165 feet over the Falls, but sustained only minor bruises and a cut, and was released from a hospital two days later.[16]
  • Congo Crisis: The Belgian national airline Sabena began airlifting Belgian citizens out of the Congo. Over the next three weeks, 25,711 flew home.[17]
  • The nuclear submarine USS Thresher was launched. It would be lost in 1963.[18]

July 10, 1960 (Sunday)[edit]

July 11, 1960 (Monday)[edit]

Flag of Katanga

July 12, 1960 (Tuesday)[edit]

July 13, 1960 (Wednesday)[edit]

  • U. S. Senator John F. Kennedy won his party's nomination for President on the first ballot at the Democratic National Convention in Los Angeles, but not until Wyoming's 15 delegates gave him the 2/3 majority. With 761 votes needed, Kennedy got 806, while Lyndon Johnson received 409.[26]
  • The Pilkington Committee on Broadcasting was set up in the UK to review the state of broadcasting. After two years, the Pilkington Committee concluded that the British public did not want commercial broadcasting.
  • Khieu Samphan, editor of the Phnom Penh newspaper L'Observatueur, was arrested and beaten by ten members of Cambodia's security police. As one author would note later, "There is no telling how many people later paid with their lives for this insult." Samphan would later help found the Communist Khmer Rouge and, 15 years later as the leader of the revolutionary government, would oversee a program of genocide in Cambodia.[27]
  • Nobusuke Kishi, the Prime Minister of Japan, was stabbed six times in his left leg at his home, but the wounds were not life-threatening.[28]
  • Born: Ian Hislop, British journalist and broadcaster, in Mumbles, Swansea

July 14, 1960 (Thursday)[edit]

  • In a choice that would determine the 36th President of the United States, Democratic presidential nominee and U. S. Senator John F. Kennedy asked U.S. Senate Majority Leader Lyndon Johnson to be his running mate at 9:00 am in Los Angeles, and Johnson, to the surprise of many, accepted. The day before, U.S. Senator Stuart Symington of Missouri had been asked, and agreed, to become Kennedy's choice for the vice-presidency.[29]
  • By an 8–0 vote, the United Nations Security Council authorized the sending of U.N. forces to restore order in the Congo and in Katanga, and to request that Belgium withdraw its troops. The first U.N. forces arrived from Tunisia the next day.[2]
  • A fire at a mental hospital in Guatemala City killed 225 of the nearly 1,600 patients there.[30]
  • Born: Anna Bligh, Australian politician, Premier of Queensland 2007-2012 and the first female to be elected, rather than appointed, as the Premier of an Australian state; in Warwick, Queensland
  • Died: Maurice de Broglie, 85, French physicist

July 15, 1960 (Friday)[edit]

July 16, 1960 (Saturday)[edit]

  • The Soviet Union completed the Sino-Soviet split by notifying the government of the People's Republic of China that all 1,390 Soviet advisors and experts there would be withdrawn. Over the next month, the Soviets cancelled twelve economic and technological agreements, and 200 joint projects.[31]
  • The phrase "New Frontier", which would be used to describe the policies of John F. Kennedy, was first used in Kennedy's acceptance of the Democratic presidential nomination in Los Angeles. After referring to the American West ("what was once the 'last frontier'"), Kennedy said that "we stand today on the edge of a new frontier— the frontier of the 1960s".[32]
  • Died:

July 17, 1960 (Sunday)[edit]

July 18, 1960 (Monday)[edit]

July 19, 1960 (Tuesday)[edit]

July 20, 1960 (Wednesday)[edit]

  • Sirimavo Bandaranaike became the world's first elected female head of government, after her Sri Lanka Freedom Party won a majority in elections in Ceylon (now Sri Lanka). Mrs. Bandaranaike, whose husband S.W.D. Bandaranaike had been Prime Minister until his assassination in 1959, took office as Prime Minister of Ceylon the next day, and assumed the jobs of Defense Minister and External Affairs Minister as well.[2]
  • President Eisenhower announced that the United States had a budget surplus of $1.06 billion at the end of the 1960 fiscal year, a dramatic turnaround from the $12,426,000,000 deficit at the end of the 1959 fiscal year.[2]
  • The submarine USS George Washington made the first launch of a rocket from underwater into the air, with the firing of an unarmed Polaris missile while submerged at a depth of 30 feet.[36]
  • Born: Prvoslav Vujcic, Serbian Canadian writer, in Požarevac, Yugoslavia

July 21, 1960 (Thursday)[edit]

  • Francis Chichester, English navigator and yachtsman, arrived in New York aboard Gypsy Moth II, forty days after sailing across the Atlantic Ocean, setting a new record.
  • The first television station in Egypt began broadcasting. After a verse from the Koran was read, United Arab Republic President Gamal Abdel Nasser was shown live, making a speech during celebrations of the eighth anniversary of the 1952 revolution.[37]

July 22, 1960 (Friday)[edit]

July 23, 1960 (Saturday)[edit]

  • The Soviet Union launched a space capsule with two dogs, Pchelka and Mushka, in advance of manned space flight. Korabl 3 burned up upon re-entry into the atmosphere.[39]
  • The headquarters of St. John Ambulance in Singapore was opened, by Yusof bin Ishak.

July 24, 1960 (Sunday)[edit]

  • Soviet Marshal Ivan Konev retired as chief of the Warsaw Pact, and was replaced by another Soviet military man, Marshal Andrei Grechko.[2] Marshal Grechko would become the Soviet Minister of Defense in 1967, and would be replaced as Warsaw Pact commander by Marshal Ivan Yakubovsky on July 8, 1967.[40]
  • Died:
    • Hans Albers, 68, leading man of German film in the 1930s and early 1940s
    • Jacques Jaccard, 73, American silent film director in the 1910s and 1920s

July 25, 1960 (Monday)[edit]

  • The lunch counter at the Woolworth's store in Greensboro, North Carolina, where the "Greensboro Four" had started the first sit-in in January, began service to African-American customers (actually, three store employees) at 2:30 p.m..[41] Integration of Greensboro's other restaurants did not happen until 1963.[42]

July 26, 1960 (Tuesday)[edit]

  • Fifteen months after U.S. President Eisenhower had proposed that the Soviet Union and the United States be allowed to inspect their opponents' missile sites, the Soviets made a counteroffer "to allow international inspection teams to carry out three on-site inspections annually on its territory." [43] The U.S. and its allies considered the number to be inadequate, but saw it as the basis for negotiations. Actual inspections would not take place until more than 25 years later.
  • The opening title sequence of The Andy Griffith Show, showing Andy Griffith and Ron Howard preparing to go fishing, was filmed in advance of the show's October 3 premiere. The Franklin Canyon Reservoir in Los Angeles served as Myers Lake (named for the show's production manager, Frank E. Myers) on the outskirts of Mayberry, North Carolina, for purposes of the show.[44]
  • Died:

July 27, 1960 (Wednesday)[edit]

July 28, 1960 (Thursday)[edit]

  • The Chinese hibiscus was adopted as the Malaysian national flower and renamed Bunga Raya.

July 29, 1960 (Friday)[edit]

Chang

July 30, 1960 (Saturday)[edit]

July 31, 1960 (Sunday)[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Yuri Smertin, Kwame Nkrumah (International Publishers, 1987), pp67–69
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Chronology July 1960", The World Almanac and book of facts, 1961 (New York World-Telegram, 1960), pp175–178
  3. ^ I. William Zartman, Government and Politics in Northern Africa (Methuen, 1964), p164
  4. ^ Jürgen E. Grandt, Kinds of Blue: The Jazz Aesthetic in African American Narrative (Ohio State University Press, 2004), p123
  5. ^ "'Still in Race', Kennedy's Reply to HST", Salt Lake Tribune, July 5, 1960, p1
  6. ^ "Bolt Strikes, Kills 4 on Pilgrimage", Salt Lake Tribune, July 4, 1960, p4
  7. ^ "Newest Old Glory Flutters Today, 50 Stars Proud", Salt Lake Tribune, July 4, 1960, p1
  8. ^ Ludo de Witte, The Assassination of Lumumba (Verso, 2002), p.6
  9. ^ "Johnson's 'Hat in Ring'", Salt Lake Tribune, July 6, 1960, p1
  10. ^ "Ike Cuts Off Cuban Sugar, U.S. Braces for Reprisals", Salt Lake Tribune, July 7, 1960, p1
  11. ^ "Ocean Grave Sucks In Giant Blimp", Salt Lake Tribune, July 7, 1960, p1
  12. ^ "1st Monarch Takes Ride on Subway", Salt Lake Tribune, July 7, 1960, p1
  13. ^ Gerd-Rainer Horn, The Spirit of '68: Rebellion in Western Europe and North America, 1956–1976 (Oxford University Press, 2007), p28
  14. ^ http://www.usap.gov/travelAndDeployment/documents/PublicLawRibbonColors.pdf
  15. ^ "International League Pulls Havana Out of Circuit", The Morning Herald (Hagerstown, Maryland), July 9, 1960, p13
  16. ^ "Plunge Over Falls: Boy Makes History", San Antonio Light, July 11, 1960, p23
  17. ^ David W. Wainhouse, International Peacekeeping at the Crossroads (Johns Hopkins University Press, 1973), p283
  18. ^ Norman Polmar, The Death of the USS Thresher (Lyons Press, 2004), p182
  19. ^ "Havana Hits Miami For Last Fling", Miami News, July 11, 1960, p1C
  20. ^ "Castro Can't Touch You Either, Moford", Miami News, July 12, 1960, p1C
  21. ^ David H. Shinn and Thomas P. Ofcansky, Historical Dictionary of Ethiopia (Scarecrow Press, 2004) p141
  22. ^ Bryon Giddens-White, The Story Behind Harper Lee's To Kill a Mockingbird (Heinemann Library, 2007), p11
  23. ^ A.L. Vohra and S.R. Vashist, Rural Higher Education (Anmol Publications, 1998), p232
  24. ^ Tim Walsh, Timeless Toys: Classic Toys and the Playmakers Who Created Them (Andrews McMeel Publishing, 2005), p179
  25. ^ Victoria Sherrow, For Appearance' Sake: The Historical Encyclopedia of Good Looks, Beauty, and Grooming (Oryx Press, 2001), p175
  26. ^ "Kennedy Sweeps In", Salt Lake Tribune, July 14, 1960, p1
  27. ^ Ross Marlay and Clark D. Neher, Patriots and Tyrants: Ten Asian Leaders (Rowman & Littlefield, 1999), p181
  28. ^ "Japan's Kishi Knife Victim", Salt Lake Tribune, July 14, 1960, p1
  29. ^ Gary Donaldson, The First Modern Campaign: Kennedy, Nixon, and the Election of 1960 (Rowman & Littlefield 2007), pp79–80
  30. ^ "Fire Sweeps Asylum, 225 Die", Salt Lake Tribune, July 15, 1960, p1
  31. ^ "Sino-Soviet Economic Cooperation", by Shu Guang Zhang, in Brothers in Arms: The Rise and Fall of the Sino-Soviet Alliance, 1945–1963 (Stanford University Press, 1998) p214
  32. ^ James S. Olson, Historical Dictionary of the 1960s (Greenwood Press, 1999) p327
  33. ^ Eşref Aksu, The United Nations, Intra-state Peacekeeping and Normative Change (Manchester University Press, 2003), p102
  34. ^ James Edward Miller, Baseball Business: Pursuing Pennants and Profits in Baltimore (University Of North Carolina Press, 1990), p83; "National Loop OKs Expansion", Oakland Tribune, July 19, 1960, p37
  35. ^ David Marc, Comic Visions: Television Comedy and American Culture (Blackwell 1997), p78
  36. ^ "Sub Tosses 2 Polaris Missiles In Underwater Twin Success", Salt Lake Tribune, July 21, 1960, p1
  37. ^ Alan Wells, World Broadcasting: A Comparative View (Ablex Publishing, 1996), p128
  38. ^ Christopher McCreery, The Order of Canada: Its Origins, History, and Development (University of Toronto Press, 2005), p106
  39. ^ Hubert Planel, Space and Life: An Introduction to Space Biology and Medicine (CRC Press, 2004), p8
  40. ^ Neil Fodor, The Warsaw Treaty Organization: A Political and Organizational Analysis (Springer, 1990) p197
  41. ^ Karen Plunkett-Powell, Remembering Woolworth's: A Nostalgic History of the World's Most Famous Five-and-dime (St. Martin's Griffin, 1999), p162
  42. ^ Charles E. Cobb, Jr., On the Road to Freedom: A Guided Tour of the Civil Rights Trail (Algonquin Books of Chapel Hill, 2008), p100
  43. ^ Robert Gilpin, American Scientists and Nuclear Weapons Policy (Princeton University Press, 1962) p251
  44. ^ Ken Beck and Jim Clark, Mayberry Memories: The Andy Griffith Show Photo Album (Harper Collins, 2005) p7
  45. ^ Katsumi Ishizuka, Ireland and International Peacekeeping Operations 1960-2000 (Routledge, 2014)
  46. ^ "Nixon Wins GOP Nod", Salt Lake Tribune, July 28, 1960, p1
  47. ^ David Shayler, Space Rescue: Ensuring the Safety of Manned Spaceflight (Springer, 2009), pp121–122
  48. ^ "Mac Leaves No. 10 Home", Salt Lake Tribune, July 30, 1960, p1
  49. ^ Mark L. Ford, A History of NFL Preseason and Exhibition Games: 1960 to 1985 (Rowman & Littlfield, 2014) p6
  50. ^ New England Patriots website
  51. ^ "South Korea Seafight Sinks Red Gunboat", Oakland Tribune, July 30, 1960, p1
  52. ^ Leon Comber, Malaya's Secret Police 1945–60: The Role of the Special Branch in the Malayan Emergency (Monash University Press, 2008), p281
  53. ^ "Malaya's Long Struggle: The Emergency Which Lasted Twelve Years", by George Odgers, in The Age (Melbourne), August 1, 1960, p2
  54. ^ "Columbo: The Genesis of a Character", Mysteryfile.com
  55. ^ imdb.com
  56. ^ "Television for the Week", Miami News, July 31, 1960