July 1963

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1963
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28 29 30 31  

The following events occurred in July 1963:

July 1, 1963: The ZIP Code is introduced in the U.S.
July 19, 1963: Joe Walker flies X-15 jet into outer space on first airplane flight above 100 km altitude
July 26, 1963: Syncom 2 becomes first geosynchronous satellite

July 1, 1963 (Monday)[edit]

  • ZIP Codes were introduced in the US, as the U.S. Department of the Post Office kicked off a massive advertising campaign that included the cartoon character "Mr. ZIP", and the mailing that day of more than 72,000,000 postcards to every mailing address in the United States, in order to inform the addressees of their new five digit postal code.[1] Postal zones had been used since 1943 in large cities, but the ZIP code was nationwide. Use became mandatory in 1967 for bulk mailers.[2]
  • Kim Philby was named by the Government of the United Kingdom as the 'Third Man' in the Burgess and Maclean Soviet spy ring.[3]
  • Died: Abdullah bin Khalifa, 53, Sultan of Zanzibar; he was succeeded by his son, Jamshid bin Abdullah, the last to hold the title.

July 2, 1963 (Tuesday)[edit]

July 3, 1963 (Wednesday)[edit]

July 4, 1963 (Thursday)[edit]

July 5, 1963 (Friday)[edit]

  • A delegation from the People's Republic of China, led by Prime Minister Zhou Enlai, departed from Beijing on a train bound for Moscow, to attend talks in an effort to repair the poor relations between the Chinese Communists and Communist Party of the Soviet Union.[12] The talks, intended to mend the Sino-Soviet split, would break down on July 14 when the Soviets published a rebuttal to Chinese charges that the Soviets had departed from the Communist ideology.[13]
  • Italian Prime Minister Giovanni Leone received a vote of confidence in the Italian Senate, 133–110.[14]
  • The sale of liquor, by the drink, was legal in Iowa for the first time in more than 40 years, with "a restaurant in the lakes resort area in northwest Iowa" becoming the site of the first legal drink.[15]
  • The U.S. Senate set a new record for briefest session by meeting at 9:00 am, and then adjourning three seconds later. There were only two Senators present for the meeting. The previous record for brevity had been a five-second meeting on September 4, 1951.[16]

July 6, 1963 (Saturday)[edit]

  • The Roman Catholic Church relaxed the ban on cremation as a funeral practice, when Pope Paul VI issued the Instruction that "the burning of the body, after all, has no effect on the soul, nor does it inhibit Almighty God from re-establishing the body", although the decision was not revealed until May 2, 1964.[17]
  • The Vanoise National Park, located in the department of Savoie in the French Alps, was designated France's first National Park.[18]
  • Elections were held in Jordan for the 80 seats in the Chamber of Deputies of the National Assembly. All of the candidates were independent, in that political parties were banned at the time, and the results, as with most of the elections in Jordan to that time, were "poorly documented" and not officially published.[19]
  • A partial lunar eclipse took place.[20]
  • Died: George, Duke of Mecklenburg, 63, head of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz since 1934; he was succeeded by his son Georg Alexander.

July 7, 1963 (Sunday)[edit]

  • In the first round of Argentina's presidential election, Dr. Arturo Illia won a 25 percent plurality of the popular votes (2,441,064) and 169 of the 476 Electoral College votes, seventy short of a majority. Another physician, Dr. Oscar Alende, finished with 16.4%, and former General Pedro Aramburu was third. On July 31, electors for several of the other parties would vote for Illia, giving him 270 electoral votes.[21] Dr. Illia's Radical Civic Union (UCR) Party (UCR) won only 72 of the 192 seats in the Chamber of Deputies, and Illia did not try to forge a coalition with the other parties.[22]
  • Double Seven Day scuffle: Secret police loyal to Ngô Đình Nhu, brother of President Ngô Đình Diệm, attacked American journalists including Peter Arnett and David Halberstam at a demonstration during the Buddhist crisis.
  • Seven people, including four children, were killed, and 17 injured, when a pilotless FJ-4 Fury jet fighter crashed into gatherers at a family reunion at a camp in Willow Grove, Pennsylvania. The pilot had ejected after plane malfunctioned while he was attempting to land at the nearby Willow Grove Naval Air Station, and the jet crashed into a baseball field, killing one man, then skidded into a bathhouse where 50 people had been swimming or standing around the pool.[23]
  • Died: Frank P. Lahm, 85, U.S. aviation pioneer who became, in 1909, the first military aviator after being selected by the U.S. Army to receive instruction on the Wright Flyer by Wilbur Wright

July 8, 1963 (Monday)[edit]

Fred bassett.jpg
  • The British comic strip Fred Basset was introduced, starting with its first appearance in the Daily Mail.[24] Created by Scottish cartoonist Alex Graham, the strip, about the adventures of a basset hound, is syndicated worldwide.
  • Members of the 1963 American Everest Expedition team were awarded the Hubbard Medal by U.S. President John F. Kennedy for their achievement.[25]
  • The British cargo ship Patrician collided with the US ship Santa Emilia and sank off Gibraltar. Thirty-four of the 37 crew were rescued by Santa Emilia, with three reported as missing.[26]

July 9, 1963 (Tuesday)[edit]

  • The 20-point agreement, submitted by North Borneo, was signed by the UK government and representatives of Malaya, Sabah, Sarawak and Singapore in the run-up to the creation of the Federation of Malaysia.[27]

July 10, 1963 (Wednesday)[edit]

  • The brief partnership of "Rodgers and Lerner" was dissolved, and production of the first Rodgers-Lerner musical, I Picked a Daisy, was halted permanently. Composer Richard Rodgers had successfully collaborated with lyricist Lorenz Hart (Babes in Arms), and then with lyricist Oscar Hammerstein II (The Sound of Music), while lyricist Alan Jay Lerner had a successful team with composer Frederick Loewe (My Fair Lady). The two were unable to work together successfully beyond "half a dozen" songs for Daisy.[28]
  • A Vostok-2 launched by the USSR failed shortly after take-off.
  • Project Emily, the deployment of American-built PGM-17 Thor Intermediate-range ballistic missiles in the United Kingdom, was disbanded.
  • The all-white University of South Carolina was ordered to admit its first African-American student, Henri Monteith, by order of U.S. District Judge J. Robert Martin. On the same day, Judge Martin ordered the desegregation of all 26 of South Carolina's state parks.[29]

July 11, 1963 (Thursday)[edit]

Fired for public intoxication

July 12, 1963 (Friday)[edit]

  • The first "Gambit" military reconnaissance satellite was launched from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California at 1:44 p.m., and the film recovered proved it to be a major advancement in observation. The new system had "exceptional pointing accuracy" in aiming its cameras, and the pictures obtained had a resolution of 3.5 feet. [35]
  • Pauline Reade, 16, was abducted and murdered by Myra Hindley and Ian Brady in Manchester, England, in the first of the "Moors murders". Reade's remains would not be discovered until July 1, 1987.[36]
  • The Congress of the Philippines approved a land reform program that had been proposed by President Diosdado Macapagal. Among other things, the law outlawed sharecropping and provided for a means of large estates to be gradually turned[37]
  • Died: Slatan Dudow, 60, Bulgarian film director and screenwriter

July 13, 1963 (Saturday)[edit]

  • The Legislative Assembly of the Cook Islands voted unanimously to reject an offer by New Zealand to be granted independence, and chose instead to become a self-governing Associated State with its residents to remain New Zealand citizens.[38]
  • The Roman Catholic Diocese of Santiago de Veraguas was erected.
  • A major riot took place at the Pulau Senang prison in Singapore. Superintendent Daniel Dutton and several prison officers were murdered by inmates and the prison was burned to the ground.[39]
  • Bob Charles defeated Phil Rodgers in a 36-hole playoff to win the British Open. Charles became the first left-handed golfer to win one of golf's major championships.
  • Died: Blessed Carlos Manuel Rodríguez Santiago, 44, first layperson in the history of the United States to be beatified.[40] (cancer)

July 14, 1963 (Sunday)[edit]

July 15, 1963 (Monday)[edit]

July 16, 1963 (Tuesday)[edit]

July 17, 1963 (Wednesday)[edit]

July 18, 1963 (Thursday)[edit]

  • Colonel Jassem Alwan of the Syrian army, backed by financing from President Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt, led an attempt to overthrow the government of Syria in order to establish a pro-Nasser government that would reunite with the United Arab Republic. After Alwan seized the Damascus radio station and the Syrian Army headquarters, Interior Minister Amin al-Hafiz, "sub-machinegun in hand", directed the Ba'ath Party National Guard on a counterattack and regained control. Hundreds of people were killed in the battle; Alwan was able to escape, but 27 officers who had participated in the coup were executed by firing squad, marking an end of "the time-honoured tradition whereby losers were banished to embassies abroad".[45]
  • The final of the Greek Cup football competition was won by Olympiacos F.C..
  • Born: Marc Girardelli, Austrian alpine ski racer, in Lustenau

July 19, 1963 (Friday)[edit]

  • American test pilot Joe Walker, flying the X-15, reached an altitude of 65.8 miles (105.9 kilometers), achieving a sub-orbital spaceflight by recognized international standards (which define outer space as beginning 100 kilometers above the Earth).[46]
  • An artificial heart pump was placed inside a human being for the first time, at the Methodist Hospital in Houston, Texas University of Houston by a team led by Dr. Michael E. DeBakey. The unidentified patient survived for four days before dying of complications from pneumonia.[47]
  • A 25-pound bomb was dropped on downtown San Francisco, inadvertently, by a U.S. Navy Reserve pilot on a routine exercise flight. The unarmed bomb fell at the intersection of Market Street and Front Street, bounced over the eight-story tall IBM building and damaged another building three blocks away, but nobody was injured.[48]
  • Died: Guy Scholefield, 86, New Zealand archivist who compiled the Dictionary of New Zealand Biography

July 20, 1963 (Saturday)[edit]

July 21, 1963 (Sunday)[edit]

July 22, 1963 (Monday)[edit]

  • Sarawak was granted conditional independence from the British Empire pending the establishment of the Federation of Malaysia.
  • World heavyweight boxing champion Sonny Liston retained his title in a rematch fight against former champion Floyd Patterson, whom he had defeated ten months earlier, on September 20, 1962. In the first bout, knocked out Patterson in the first round in two minutes, six seconds. In the rematch at Las Vegas, Liston took four seconds longer.[55]
  • Please Please Me became the first record album by The Beatles to be released in the United States. Vee Jay Records deleted two of the songs that had appeared on the British version introduced on March 22, including the title song, "Please Please Me".[56]

July 24, 1963 (Wednesday)[edit]

July 25, 1963 (Thursday)[edit]

  • Representatives of the United States, the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union initialed the Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, the agreement ever for the banning of nuclear weapons tests in the atmosphere, outer space and underwater. Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko, U.S. Undersecretary of State W. Averell Harriman, and the British Minister of Science, Lord Hailsham, gave their tentative approval at the Spiridonovka Palace in Moscow, in advance of the formal signing.[58]
  • South Korea introduced the Order of Diplomatic Service Merit for meritorious service to the extension of national prestige overseas and to the promotion of friendship with other nations.[59]
  • Died: Ugo Cerletti, 85, Italian neurologist and pioneer of electroconvulsive therapy in psychiatry.

July 26, 1963 (Friday)[edit]

July 27, 1963 (Saturday)[edit]

July 28, 1963 (Sunday)[edit]

July 29, 1963 (Monday)[edit]

  • The Los Angeles Herald-Examiner published its copyrighted story, "Black Muslim Founder Exposed as a White", that W. D. Fard, who had started the black supremacist church in 1930, had actually been a white man named Wallace Dodd. The Herald-Examiner story included photographs supplied by the FBI, but the Fard's successors at the Nation of Islam denied the story as a hoax.[68]
  • The Tu-124A prototype, SSSR-45075, made its first flight.
  • West Indies defeated England in the 4th Test (cricket) by 221 runs, at Headingley, Leeds.[69]

July 30, 1963 (Tuesday)[edit]

July 31, 1963 (Wednesday)[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mr. ZIP Makes Big Debut Today", Wisconsin State Journal (Madison WI), July 1, 1963, p6
  2. ^ Patrick A. Reebel, United States Post Office: Current Issues and Historical Background (Nova Publishers, 2003) p26
  3. ^ Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 420–421. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2. 
  4. ^ "7 Killed In Plane Crash", Miami News, July 3, 1963, p4A
  5. ^ "Cruel Worlds: Forty years ago, promising UW track standouts fell from grace", by Dan Raley, Seattle Post-Intelligencer, May 22, 2003
  6. ^ Jim Kaplan, The Greatest Game Ever Pitched: Juan Marichal, Warren Spahn, and the Pitching Duel of the Century (Triumph Books, 2013)
  7. ^ Warren N. Wilbert, What Makes an Elite Pitcher?: Young, Mathewson, Johnson, Alexander, Grove, Spahn, Seaver, Clemens, and Maddux (McFarland, 2003) p233
  8. ^ James G. Blight, The Shattered Crystal Ball: Fear and Learning in the Cuban Missile Crisis (Rowman & Littlefield, 1992) p144
  9. ^ "Airliner Down; 23 Feared Dead", Miami News, July 3, 1963, p4A
  10. ^ Carol Reardon, Pickett's Charge in History and Memory (UNC Press Books, 2003)
  11. ^ Council of Europe, Yearbook of the European Convention on Human Rights, 1989 (Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1993) p117
  12. ^ Roderick MacFarquhar, The Origins of the Cultural Revolution: The Coming of the Cataclysm 1961–1966 (Columbia University Press, 1999) p351
  13. ^ Alfred D. Low, The Sino-Soviet Dispute: An Analysis of the Polemics (Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 1976) p154
  14. ^ "Italy Premier Faces Next Test", Pittsburgh Press, July 6, 1963, p3
  15. ^ "Iowans Can Buy Liquor in Glasses Now — Legally", Milwaukee Journal, July 6, 1963, p3
  16. ^ "Senate In, Out In Three Seconds", Pittsburgh Press, July 6, 1963, p1
  17. ^ "Catholic Church", in Encyclopedia Of Cremation, Douglas J. Davies and Lewis H. Mates, eds. (Ashgate Publishing,, 2005) pp113-114, p141.
  18. ^ "Vanoise", in Best of France: Sights, hotels, Restaurants, Jean-Paul Labourdette and Dominique Auzias, eds. (Petit Futé, 2008) pp130–131
  19. ^ Dieter Nohlen, et al., Elections in Asia and the Pacific: A Data Handbook (Oxford University Press, 2001) p147
  20. ^ Hermit Eclipse: Saros cycle 119
  21. ^ Robert A. Potash, The Army & Politics in Argentina, 1962–1973: From Frondizi's Fall to the Peronist Restoration (Stanford University Press, 1969) p116
  22. ^ Paul H. Lewis, Guerrillas and Generals: The 'Dirty War' in Argentina (Greenwood Publishing Group, 2002) p10
  23. ^ "JET FALLS IN BOYS' CAMP, 7 DIE", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, July 8, 1963, p1
  24. ^ Toonhound.com
  25. ^ John T. Woolley and Gerhard Peters. "John F. Kennedy: Remarks Upon Presenting the Hubbard Medal to the Leader of the American Everest Expedition". The American Presidency Project. Retrieved 2008-12-08. 
  26. ^ "34 Saved When British Ship Sinks". The Times (55748). London. 9 July 1963. col A, p. 8. 
  27. ^ Gungwu Wang, Nation-Building: Five Southeast Asian Histories (Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2005) p218
  28. ^ Gene Lees, The Musical Worlds Of Lerner & Loewe (University of Nebraska Press, 1990) p212
  29. ^ "Race Bar Lifted In South Carolina", Miami News, July 11, 1963, p1
  30. ^ "Army Ousts President Of Ecuador", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, July 12, 1963, p1
  31. ^ George Lauderbaugh, The History of Ecuador (ABC-CLIO, 2012) p126
  32. ^ Roger B. Beck, The History of South Africa (Greenwood Publishing Group, 2000) p145
  33. ^ "33 Die in Riverboat Sinking". The Times (55751). London. 12 July 1963. col F, p. 10. 
  34. ^ "Briton's Praise for Argentine Rescuers". The Times (55752). London. 13 July 1963. col A, p. 5. 
  35. ^ Robert L. Perry, History of Satellite Reconnaissance: The Perry Gambit & Hexagon Histories (Center for the Study of National Reconnaissance, 2012) p35, p61
  36. ^ Alison Summers, Girl's Guide to Predators (Macmillan, 2010)
  37. ^ over to the persons who farmed them. "Filipinos OK Land Reform", Miami News, July 13, 1963, p2
  38. ^ Fay Alailima, New Politics in the South Pacific (University of the South Pacific, 1994) p21
  39. ^ Singapore Prisons Department: MAJOR PRISON DISTURBANCES: CAUSES AND RESPONSES. Accessed 20 March 2013
  40. ^ "Carlos Manuel Cecilio Rodríguez Santiago (1918-1963)". Blesseds: Table of the Beatifications during the Pontificate of His Holiness John Paul II. The Holy See. Retrieved 2007-06-04. 
  41. ^ Richard Reeves, President Kennedy: Profile of Power (Simon and Schuster, 2011) p545
  42. ^ "Stamps and Coins", in Boys Life (June 1977) p68
  43. ^ "Philatelic bureaux", in The Pacific Islands: An Encyclopedia, Brij V. Lal and Kate Fortune, eds. (University of Hawaii Press, 2000) p392
  44. ^ a b D. R. Thorpe, Supermac: The Life of Harold Macmillan (Random House, 2010) p554
  45. ^ Patrick Seale, Asad: The Struggle for the Middle East (University of California Press, 1990) p83
  46. ^ "X-15 Flown 67 Miles Up", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, July 20, 1963, p1
  47. ^ "Booster pump gives new life to failing hearts", by C. P. Gilmore, in Popular Science (December 1965) p51
  48. ^ "Navy Plane Drops Bomb On 'Frisco", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, July 20, 1963, p2
  49. ^ "Watch Eyes— Not Eclipse!", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, July 20, 1963, p1
  50. ^ "Chinese Depart; Feud Lingers", Miami News, July 21, 1963, p1
  51. ^ "The position of overseas associated states in the E.E.C.", in The Law of the Common Market, B. A. Wortley, ed. (Manchester University Press, 1974) pp205-206
  52. ^ Louis Effrat. "SU MAC LAD, 9-20, TRIUMPHS IN TROT; Takes $50,000 International and Ties World Record-- Martini II Runner-Up Dutch Horse Last Su Mac Lad Takes International Trot", The New York Times, July 21, 1963. Accessed February 17, 2009.
  53. ^ "British Ship Sinks in Eight Minutes". The Times (55759). London. 22 July 1963. col B, p. 8. 
  54. ^ "Inquiry Into St. Lawrence Collision". The Times (55872). London. 30 November 1963. col A, p. 7. 
  55. ^ "Liston's Slowing -- Took Him 4 Seconds Longer", Miami News, July 23, 1963, p2B
  56. ^ Fred Bronson, The Billboard Book of Number One Hits, 5th Edition (Random House Digital, 2003) p169
  57. ^ Mark White, The Presidency of Bill Clinton: The Legacy of a New Domestic and Foreign Policy (I.B.Tauris, 2012) pp246–247
  58. ^ "Big 3 Initial Treaty Banning Nuclear Tests", Miami News, July 25, 1963, p1
  59. ^ Medals of the World
  60. ^ "Syncom 2 Orbits", Miami News, July 26, 1963, p1
  61. ^ "1,000 Feared Dead In Quake", Miami News, July 26, 1963, p1
  62. ^ Part I: 1993–1998 ('Dagstuhl Period'), by Wojciech Szpankowski, in Current Trends in Theoretical Computer Science Algorithms and Complexity (World Scientific, 2004) p39
  63. ^ "60 Feared Lost on UAR Plane", Milwaukee Journal, July 28, 1963, p1; Aviation Safety Network Database
  64. ^ Aviation Safety Network Database
  65. ^ "Nation Builder: The Epic Life of Peru's Fernando Belaúnde Terry, BAR '35", Texas Alcalde (January/February 1995), pp18-22
  66. ^ "Khrushchev's Losing Fight with His Marshals", LIFE Magazine, November 6, 1964, p83
  67. ^ Mayers 1990, pp. 214, 216
  68. ^ Jeffrey O. G. Ogbar, Black Power: Radical Politics and African American Identity (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2005) p209
  69. ^ Cricinfo
  70. ^ "Spy Figure In Russia", Miami News, July 30, 1963, p1
  71. ^ "Tupamaros (MLN)", in Historical Dictionary of Terrorism, Stephen Sloan and Sean K. Anderson, eds. (Scarecrow Press, 2009) p675
  72. ^ M. Rajaretnam, Trends in the Philippines II (Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 1978) p60
  73. ^ "Portugal Africa Policy Condemned By U.N.", Miami News, July 31, 1963, p1
  74. ^ Kent Fedorowich and Martin Thomas, International Diplomacy and Colonial Retreat (Frank Cass Publishers, 2001) pp177-178
  75. ^ "Historic Breakdown" by Jeff Passan, Yahoo! sports, April 23, 2007
  76. ^ "Illia Argentina's President-Elect", Miami News, August 1, 1963, p1