In 1845, there were local elections for the government of Zagreb County, the county containing Croatian capital, Zagreb. The Croatian-Hungarian Party candidate won through vote fraud. Upon the announcement of election results, members of the People's Party took to St. Mark's Square to protest the result, accusing the winners of vote fraud. The Croatian Ban, ethnic Hungarian Franz Haller called on the Austrian army to empty the square.
When the army moved in to empty the square, one of the protesters, Mirko Bogović, attacked an army officer with a sabre. The army officer was defended by a soldier who fired at Bogović. This led to other soldiers believing an order to fire was issued. The army emptied their bullets into the crowd. In the end, thirteen of the People's Party's protesters were killed and 27 were injured. Six of the injured later succumbed to their wounds.
Ten victims of the shooting were buried at the St. George Cemetery (today the July Victims Park), and their funeral grew into large-scale political protests. Due in large part to this incident, Ban Haller left his post and bishop Juraj Haulik took his place soon after.
This incident showed the tension developed between Croats who supported the Illyrian movement and the restoration of a unified Croatian Kingdom, and Hungarian-Croatians (Magyars) and the minority of Croats who supported closer relations with Hungary (represented by the Croatian-Hungarian Party). In the following years, Croatia did gain some concessions as Croatian replaced Latin as the nation's official language.
|This article about Croatian history is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|