Jumada al-awwal

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Jumada al-Oola (Arabic: جمادى الأولى‎‎, also transliterated Ǧumādā al-ʾAwwal, IPA: [d͡ʒʊˈmæːdæ lˈʔæwwæl]; also pronounced Ǧamādā al-ʾAwwal, [d͡ʒæˈmæːdæ lˈʔæwwæl]) or Jumada I is the fifth month of the 12 lunar months in the Islamic calendar. It is also known as Jumada al-Ula or Jumadil Awwal. The month spans 29 or 30 days.

The origin of the name is as follows: the word "Jumda", from which the name of the month is derived, is used to denote dry parched land: land devoid of rain, and hence denotes the dry months.

Hadith[edit]

In Islamic eschatology:

  • Abu Hurairah said that the Prophet said:

    There will be an Ayah (sign) in (the month of) Ramadan. Then, there will 'isabah (splitting into groups) in Shawwal. Then, there will be fighting in (the month of) Dhu al-Qi'dah. Then, the pilgrim will be robbed in (the month of) Dhu al-Hijjah. Then, the prohibitions will be violated in (the month of) al-Muharram. Then, there will be sound in (the month of) Safar, then the tribes will conflict with each other in the two months of Rabi' al-awwal & Rabi' al-thani. Then, the most amazing thing will happen between (the months of) Jumada and Rajab. Then, a well-fed she-camel will be better than a fortress (castle) sheltering a thousand (people).[1]

Timing[edit]

The Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar, and months begin when the first crescent of a new moon is sighted. Since the Islamic lunar calendar year is 11 to 12 days shorter than the solar year, Jumada al-Awwal migrates backwards throughout the seasons, during a cycle of about 33 solar years. The estimated start and end dates for Jumada al-Awwal are as follows (based on the Umm Al-Qura calendar of Saudi Arabia[2]):

AH First day (CE / AD) Last day (CE / AD)
1437 10 February 2016 09 March 2016
1438 29 January 2017 27 February 2017
1439 18 January 2018 16 February 2018
1440 07 January 2019 05 February 2019
1441 27 December 2019 25 January 2020
1442 16 December 2020 13 January 2021
Jumada al-Awwal dates between 2016 and 2021

Islamic Events[edit]

  • On 5 Jumada al-Awwal, Zainab binte Ali was born.
  • On 8th Jumada al-Awwal, URS Sayyid Amir al-Kulal (RA) Amir Kulal
  • On 12 Jumada al-Awwal 1188, the Ottoman Empire signed the Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca which gave Russia jurisdiction over Christians in the empire
  • On 13 Jumada al-Awwal 11AH, Fatima bint Muhammad (Fatima al-Zahra) beloved daughter of Prophet Muhammad died in Medina at the young age of 18 years according to Shia Muslim sources.
  • On 15 Jumada al-Awwal, Ali ibn Husayn (Zayn al-Abideen) was born.
  • On 20 Jumada al-Awwal 857, Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II conquered Constantinople

References[edit]

External links[edit]