Jumada al-Oola (Arabic: جمادى الأولى, also transliterated Ǧumādā al-ʾAwwal, IPA: [d͡ʒʊˈmæːdæ lˈʔæwwæl]; also pronounced Ǧamādā al-ʾAwwal, [d͡ʒæˈmæːdæ lˈʔæwwæl]) or Jumada I is the fifth month of the 12 lunar months in the Islamic calendar. It is also known as Jumada al-Ula or Jumadil Awwal. The month spans 29 or 30 days.
The origin of the name is as follows: the word "Jumda", from which the name of the month is derived, is used to denote dry parched land: land devoid of rain, and hence denotes the dry months.
The Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar, and months begin when the first crescent of a new moon is sighted. Since the Islamic lunar calendar year is 11 to 12 days shorter than the solar year, Jumada al-Awwal migrates backwards throughout the seasons, during a cycle of about 33 solar years. The estimated start and end dates for Jumada al-Awwal are as follows (based on the Umm Al-Qura calendar of Saudi Arabia):
|AH||First day (CE / AD)||Last day (CE / AD)|
|1431||15 April 2010||14 May 2010|
|1432||5 April 2011||3 May 2011|
|1433||24 March 2012||21 April 2012|
|1434||13 March 2013||10 April 2013|
|1435||2 March 2014||31 March 2014|
|1436||20 February 2015||20 March 2015|
|1437||10 February 2016||9 March 2016|
|Jumada al-Awwal dates between 2010 and 2016|
- On 5 Jumada al-Awwal, Zainab binte Ali was born.
- On 8th Jumada al-Awwal, URS Sayyid Amir al-Kulal (RA) Amir Kulal
- On 12 Jumada al-Awwal 1188, the Ottoman Empire signed the Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca which gave Russia jurisdiction over Christians in the empire
- On 13 Jumada al-Awwal 11AH, Fatima bint Muhammad (Fatima al-Zahra) beloved daughter of Prophet Muhammad died in Medina at the young age of 18 years according to Shia Muslim sources.
- On 15 Jumada al-Awwal, Ali ibn Husayn (Zayn al-Abideen) was born.
- On 20 Jumada al-Awwal 857, Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II conquered Constantinople