Jumada al-Awwal

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Jumada al-Awwal
The Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca was signed between the Ottoman Empire and Russian Empire in this month
Native nameجُمَادَىٰ ٱلْأَوَّل (Arabic)
CalendarIslamic calendar
Month number5
Number of days29-30 (depends on actual observation of the moon's crescent)

Jumada al-Awwal (Arabic: جُمَادَىٰ ٱلْأَوَّل, romanizedJumādā al-ʾAwwal, lit.'The initial Jumada'), also known as Jumada al-Ula (Arabic: جُمَادَىٰ ٱلْأُولَىٰ, romanizedJumādā al-ʾŪlā, lit.'The first Jumada'), or Jumada I, is the fifth month of the Islamic calendar. Jumada al-Awwal spans 29 or 30 days. The origin of the month's name is theorized by some as coming from the word jamād (Arabic: جماد), meaning "arid, dry, or cold",[1] denoting the dry and parched land and hence the dry months of the pre-Islamic Arabian calendar. Jumādā (Arabic: جُمَادَىٰ) may also be related to a verb meaning "to freeze", and another account relates that water would freeze during this time of year. The secondary name Jumādā al-Ūlā may possibly mean "to take charge with, commend, entrust, commit or care during the arid or cold month".[1] However, this explanation is rejected by some as Jumada al-Awwal is a lunar month that does not coincide with seasons as solar months do.

In Turkish, the name of the month is cemâziyelevvel (Ottoman Turkish: جماذی‌الاول);[2][3] it was abbreviated as جا ca in Ottoman Turkish.[2][4]


The Islamic calendar is a purely lunar calendar, and months begin when the first crescent of a new moon is sighted. Since the Islamic lunar year is 11 to 12 days shorter than the tropical year, Jumada al-Awwal migrates backwards throughout the seasons in a cycle of about 33 solar years. The estimated start and end dates for Jumada al-Awwal are as follows (based on the Umm al-Qura calendar of Saudi Arabia:[5])

Jumada al-Awwal dates between 2021 and 2025
AH First day (CE/AD) Last day (CE/AD)
1443 05 December 2021 03 January 2022
1444 25 November 2022 24 December 2022
1445 15 November 2023 13 December 2023
1446 03 November 2024 02 December 2024
1447 023 October 2025 021 November 2025

Islamic events[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Günel, Fuat (1993). "CEMÂZİYELEVVEL - An article published in Turkish Encyclopedia of Islam". TDV Encyclopedia of Islam (in Turkish). Vol. 7 (Cafer es-Sadik - Çiftçilik). p. 319. ISBN 978-97-53-89434-0.
  2. ^ a b Redhouse, J.W. (1880). REDHOUSE'S TURKISH DICTIONARY. p. 513.
  3. ^ Youssof, R. (1890). Dictionnaire portatif turc-français de la langue usuelle en caractères latins et turcs. Constantinople. p. 177.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  4. ^ Youssof, R. (1890). Dictionnaire portatif turc-français de la langue usuelle en caractères latins et turcs. Constantinople. p. 170.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  5. ^ Umm Al-Qura calendar of Saudi Arabia

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