Jumla (town)

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Jumla
जुम्लli
Town
Jumla is located in Nepal
Jumla
Jumla
Location in Nepal
Coordinates: 29°16′31″N 82°11′0″E / 29.27528°N 82.18333°E / 29.27528; 82.18333Coordinates: 29°16′31″N 82°11′0″E / 29.27528°N 82.18333°E / 29.27528; 82.18333
Country    Nepal
Zone Karnali Zone
District Jumla District
Elevation 2,514 m (8,248 ft)
Time zone Nepal Time (UTC+5:45)

Jumla is the centre of Chandannath municipality in Jumla District and of Karnali Zone of Nepal, a landlocked country of South Asia. It is located at 2514 metres (8251 feet) elevation.[1]

Geography[edit]

Jumla is one of the 75 districts in the midwestern hills of Nepal. Rice (Oryza sativa L) cultivation in Jumla ranges from 2,400 to 3,050 m altitude, which is the highest elevation in the world. The highest elevation at 3,050 m is Chhumjul of Jumla, a record altitude, where rice is cultivated in Nepal. Jumli Marshi, a Japonica variety of indigenous rice, having cold tolerant gene, is probably cultivated since 1,300 years ago in Jumla in the bank of the Tila river. The Tila Valley as well as the Sinja Khola Valley are covered with paddy fields growing the 'Kali Marshi' rice variety, a unique red rice that is sought after for its special taste.

Jumla has a STOL airport, Jumla Airport, and the road network first reached it from Surkhet in May 2007[2] It is the usual starting point for treks to Rara Lake.

Climate[edit]

Jumla has a highland oceanic climate that is cooled down by its elevation. As a result, the climate retains strong diurnal temperature variation in winter and the moderation is from subtropical influence as opposed to maritime.

The highest temperature ever recorded in Jumla was 33.3 °C (91.9 °F) on the 24th May 1998, while the lowest temperature ever recorded was −15.0 °C (5.0 °F) on the 2nd February 1975 .[3]

Climate data for Jumla (2300m)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 13.9
(57)
15.0
(59)
18.5
(65.3)
21.7
(71.1)
24.1
(75.4)
26.0
(78.8)
25.0
(77)
24.6
(76.3)
24.2
(75.6)
21.9
(71.4)
18.6
(65.5)
16.1
(61)
20.8
(69.45)
Daily mean °C (°F) 4.5
(40.1)
6.0
(42.8)
9.4
(48.9)
12.7
(54.9)
15.9
(60.6)
19.4
(66.9)
20.3
(68.5)
20.0
(68)
18.3
(64.9)
13.1
(55.6)
8.6
(47.5)
5.8
(42.4)
12.83
(55.09)
Average low °C (°F) −5.0
(23)
−3.1
(26.4)
0.3
(32.5)
3.6
(38.5)
7.7
(45.9)
12.9
(55.2)
15.6
(60.1)
15.3
(59.5)
12.4
(54.3)
4.2
(39.6)
−1.5
(29.3)
−4.5
(23.9)
4.83
(40.68)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 28.4
(1.118)
39.4
(1.551)
53.3
(2.098)
42.6
(1.677)
57.4
(2.26)
74.1
(2.917)
180.2
(7.094)
174.3
(6.862)
102.7
(4.043)
35.3
(1.39)
10.2
(0.402)
13.5
(0.531)
811.4
(31.943)
Source: http://www.dhm.gov.np/uploads/climatic/880251189NORMAL%20FILE.pdf

References[edit]

  1. ^ Location of Jumla - Falling Rain Genomics
  2. ^ [1].
  3. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2016-02-27. . Retrieved 27 February 2016.