Jumla District

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Jumla
जुम्ला
District
Location of Jumla
Location of Jumla
Country Nepal
Region Mid-Western (Madhya Pashchimanchal)
Zone Karnali
Headquarters Jumla
Area
 • Total 2,531 km2 (977 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 108,921
 • Density 43/km2 (110/sq mi)
Time zone NPT (UTC+5:45)
Website www.ddcjumla.gov.np

Jumla District (Nepali: जुम्ला जिल्लाAbout this sound Listen , a part of Province No. 6, is one of the seventy-five districts of Nepal. The district, with Jumla as its district headquarters, covers an area of 2,531 km² and had a population of 89,427 in 2001 and 108,921 in 2011.[1]

The origin of Nepali language is Sinja of Jumla. Therefore, the Nepali dialect "Khas Bhasa" is still spoken among the people in this region.

Geography and Climate[edit]

Climate Zone[2] Elevation Range  % of Area
Temperate 2,000 to 3,000 meters
6,400 to 9,800 ft.
25.3%
Subalpine 3,000 to 4,000 meters
9,800 to 13,100 ft.
49.7%
Alpine 4,000 to 5,000 meters
13,100 to 16,400 ft.
13.9%
Nival above 5,000 meters 7.3%
Trans-Himalayan 3,000 to 6,400 meters
9,800 to 21,000 ft.
3.8%

Towns and villages[edit]

Map of the VDCs in Jumla District

Goragaun

Before reunification[edit]

The Jumla Kingdom was one of the many kingdoms that dotted Nepal before its reunification by King Prithvi Narayan Shah of Gorkha and later by his younger son Bahadur Shah. The kingdom was founded around 1404 when Baliraja, who married the daughter of the last ruler of the Yatse (Malla) Kingdom, succeeded his father-in-law.[3] It was one of the most powerful kingdoms in western Nepal, being one of the 22 Baise principalities of the Karnali region which had once been part of the larger Yatse Kingdom. After centuries of intermittent warfare it appropriated the kingdom of Mustang in 1760.[4] In the late 18th century the Jumla kingdom successfully defended itself against the first attack by King Prithivi Narayan Shah, and legend even has it that he got injured in the battle. Later, with the help of the kingdoms surrounding Jumla, Bahadur Shah attacked again and annexed Jumla for the Gorkha kings in 1789.[5] The Jumla kings were Thakuris (Sijapati, Malla, Shahi) like the Gorkha Kings.

The Jumla Kingdom belonged to the more extensive pre-unification kingdoms in Nepal. At the height of its power it extended from Mustang in the east to present day Uttarakhand, a state in modern day India, territory that Kingdom of Nepal lost to the East India Company in 1816 during the partition of Nepal.[6] The Jumla kings belonged to the Kalyana dynasty, linked to the Sisodia clan of Rajasthan, India. There have also been marriages between the Jumla royal family and the Shah's royal family of Nepal. The direct decedents of the erstwhile Jumla royal family include currently Lt. Gen (Retd) Vivek Kumar Shah, Nepali Film legend Nir Shah, Former Director General of Nepal Electricity Authority Harish Chandra Shah, DIGP (Retd) Sher Bahadur Shah and the current DIGP of Nepal Police, Surendra Bahadur Shah.

Kings of Jumla[7][edit]

  • For the pre-1400 kings of the region, see Guge
  • Baliraja Rawal. 1404-1445
  • Vaksaraja 1445-? (son)
  • Vijayaraja (son)
  • Visesaraja fl. 1498 (son)
  • Vibhogaraja (?)
  • Matiraja (?)
  • Sahiraja (?)
  • Bhanasahi c. 1529-90 (son)
  • Saimalsahi c. 1590-1599 (son)
  • Vasantaraja 1599-1602 (son)
  • Visekaraja 1599-1602 (brother)
  • Vikramasahi 1602-c. 1635 (brother)
  • Bahadurasahi c. 1635-65 (son)
  • Virabhadrasahi 1665-75
  • Prithvipatisahi 1676-1719 (son)
  • Surathasahi 1719-40 (son)
  • Sudarasanasahi 1740-c. 1758 (son)
  • Suryabhanasahi c. 1758-89 (son)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Districts of Nepal
  2. ^ The Map of Potential Vegetation of Nepal - a forestry/agroecological/biodiversity classification system (PDF), . Forest & Landscape Development and Environment Series 2-2005 and CFC-TIS Document Series No.110., 2005, ISBN 87-7903-210-9, retrieved Nov 22, 2013  horizontal tab character in |series= at position 91 (help)
  3. ^ Ram Niwas Pandey (1998) The making of modern Nepal: A study of history, art, culture of Western Nepal. Nirala Press.
  4. ^ Rishikesh Shaha (1997) Ancient and medieval Nepal. New Delhi: Manohar, p. 67.
  5. ^ Rishikesh Shaha (1996) Modern Nepal: A political history 1769-1955, Vol. I. New Delhi: Manohar, p. 53.
  6. ^ Rishikesh Shaha (1996) Modern Nepal: A political history 1769-1955, Vol. I. New Delhi: Manohar, p. 139.
  7. ^ Ram Niwas Pandey (1998) The making of modern Nepal: A study of history, art, culture of Western Nepal. Nirala Press.

Coordinates: 29°16′31″N 82°11′00″E / 29.27528°N 82.18333°E / 29.27528; 82.18333