Jumpman (logo)

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The "Jumpman" logo is used by Nike to promote the Air Jordan shoes, among other merchandise.

The "Jumpman" logo is owned by Nike to promote the Air Jordan brand of basketball sneakers and other sportswear. It is the silhouette of former NBA player and current Charlotte Hornets owner Michael Jordan.

History[edit]

The Michael Jordan doing the "Jumpman" pose came in a photoshoot for Life magazine leading up to the 1984 Olympic Games before Michael Jordan had signed with Nike. The photo was staged, with Jordan performing a traditional ballet jump known as a grand jeté to make it appear as if he were leaping for a slam dunk, a movement not actually consistent with Jordan’s jumping style.[1][2]

In 1985 Michael Jordan did the Jumpman pose in a pair of Nike shoes. This original pair of the shoes came alongside a picture of Jordan doing the iconic pose.

Rumor has it that the designer of the Air Jordan 1, Peter Moore, wanted to use the Life magazine version of the pose to be the logo but wasn't able to do so due to copyright issues.

The logo was created in 1988 by Tinker Hatfield who was inspired by a sketch idea from Peter Moore, who thought it would be an amazing idea to render out Michael Jordan from the iconic Jumpman photo.The Air Jordan III, released in 1988, was the first Air Jordan shoe to feature the Jumpman logo, replacing the "Wings" logo, which had been a feature of the Air Jordans I and II.[3] Tinker would go on to utilize the logo on all other Jordans that would later release.[4]

In 1993-94, Nike ran a series of Air Jordan commercials pairing Michael Jordan with Warner Brothers' owned Bugs Bunny. As a tie-in, Nike created a line of merchandise which featured a spoof of the Jumpman using Bugs' silhouette, combined with a "Hare Jordan" caption. This campaign was followed by the 1996 film Space Jam, which references the Jumpman logo during its climax, in which Jordan dunks from half-court.

The Jumpman logo has remained unchanged since the year 1985. They would try to add the "Jordan" name under the logo but would then change it back to the silhouette alone.

As the Brand grew bigger the Logo began to be used on more than just the shoes. It began being featured on new apparel that the brand would produce.

Lawsuit[edit]

On January 22, 2015, photographer Jonas Linder filed a suit against Nike claiming copyright infringement over the use of the Jumpman logo. According to Rentmeester, Nike copied a photograph for which he had granted them temporary permission to use for the logo. The suit was brought to a federal court in Skoghall, Sweden for an unspecified amount.[2][5] The suit was dismissed in June of that year.[6]

Overseas copyright battle[edit]

There are a lot of companies that want to profit over the success of Jordan Brand. They do that by creating a rendition of the logo that may have a slight adjustment. The Chinese company Qiaodan (meaning "Jordan" in Chinese) Sports was one of them. Founded in 2000, Qiaodan Sports soon registered several kinds of trademarks that related to Jordan, including the current name of the company with Chinese characters and pinyin along with the logo of a silhouetted basketball player. Taking advantage of the fact that international trademarks are not protected if they are not registered in mainland China due to the first-to-file policy[7], Qiaodan Sports had been exceptionally fruitful in the Chinese market utilizing the fame of the great Michael Jordan. In 2012 Jordan sued Qiaodan Sports for using the Jumpman Logo to sell their products and even selling the shoes under his name because the name of the company in Mandarin is Jordan. This mislead customers to believing that they were buying products from the Jumpman himself but in all reality it wasn't his shoe. Jordan would lose the legal battle because " the image of the disputed trademark is a human body in a shadowy design, which does not clearly reflect the major appearances of the figure. It is hard for the relevant public to recognize the image as Michael Jordan.". In July 2017, Qiaodan Sports filed a lawsuit against Michael Jordan for infringement of reputation and demanded 1.1 million yuan (US$162,500) in compensation. In the filing, Qiaodan claimed that Jordan had "maliciously" initiated 78 trademarks disputes over a number of years but had only managed to win three of them. [8] On April 8, 2020, after 8 years of Chinese trademark battle, Jordan finally prevailed over Qiaodan Sports at the China People's Supreme Court, resulting in revocation of 74 trademarks for Qiaodan Sports.The People's Supreme Court explained that "natural persons have the right to their name in accordance with the law. Unauthorized registration of a name as a trademark may easily mislead the relevant public to believing that the goods or services marked with the trademark have a specific endorsement, permission, etc. This violates the provisions of Article 31 of the Trademark Law.". Jordan also claimed for portrait right against Qiaodan Sports' logo. However, prosecutors claimed that "the Qiaodan’s logo did not violate Jordan’s portraiture rights as it does not include distinguishable facial features.".[9] Even after this case Jordan brand continues to battle cases with other companies copying the Jordan Jumpman logo.[10] Jordan was only able to win a partial part of the lawsuit.

Athletic program sponsorships[edit]

Michigan Wolverines logo and the jumpman logo at the Nike flagship store on the Magnificent Mile during the week before the opening game for the 2016 Michigan Wolverines football team.

The Michigan Wolverines announced in July 2015 that it would switch from sponsorship by Adidas to Nike. The deal at the time had an estimated value of $169 million and was described as "the richest apparel deal in intercollegiate athletics".[11][12] In April 2016, the University announced the signing of an 11-year $127.12 million contract for 31 Michigan sports teams, going into effect on August 1.[13] With the agreement, Michigan Wolverines football became the first football program to wear Jordan Brand attire accompanied by the jumpman logo.[14][15] Within a year, several other athletics programs signed even larger deals with Nike.[16]

Other large football programs started to wear the Jumpman logo after Michigan. In 2017, the University of North Carolina announced that their football program will be wearing uniforms with Jordan Jumpman logo. The Tar Heels also wear the Jordan Jumpman logo on their helmets.[17] The University of Oklahoma was the third football program that became sponsor by the Jordan brand. The football, men's basketball and women's basketball team will be wearing the Jumpman logo starting in the 2018-2019 season. [18] On December 6, 2017, the University of Florida announced that the Florida Gators football program would join the three other universities in using the Jordan brand and Jumpman logo for its athletic gear. [19]

Nike became the official supplier of all National Basketball Association (NBA) uniforms beginning with the 2017–18 season, and these jerseys have the Nike logo. Owing to Jordan's association with and ownership of the team, the Charlotte Hornets' jerseys have the Jumpman logo instead of the Nike logo.[20]

In April 2018, the University of Houston Cougars basketball program announced that they would become the seventh college basketball program to wear the Jumpman logo.[21]

French association football team Paris Saint-Germain, whose apparel is supplied by Nike, added the Jumpman logo to their 2018-19 season UEFA Champions League kits.[22]

Since 2011 the Air Jordan brand has sponsored Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series driver Denny Hamlin, They also have made all of Hamlin’s firesuits since 2011. In 2013 the company they were the primary sponsor of his No. 51 Kyle Busch Motorsports Toyota Tundra at Martinsville where he would win the pole but ultimately would end up finishing 6th.

Inspirations[edit]

Other athletes have since used silhouettes of themselves as marketing devices, including Shaquille O'Neal, Ken Griffey Jr., and Alex Rodriguez.

In popular culture[edit]

The song "Jumpman" by Drake and Future takes it name from the Jumpman logo and mentions the brand multiple times in its lyrics.[23]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "History of the Air Jordan Jumpman Logo". www.nicekicks.com. Archived from the original on January 7, 2016. Retrieved April 1, 2018.
  2. ^ a b Rovell, Darren (January 23, 2015). "Nike sued over Michael Jordan logo". ESPN. Archived from the original on January 24, 2015. Retrieved January 24, 2015.
  3. ^ Jaconetta, Steve (August 16, 2014). "Air Jordan 3: The Definitive Guide to Colorways". Sole Collector. Sole Collector. Archived from the original on February 18, 2018. Retrieved February 17, 2018. The Air Jordan III was originally released in 1988. It was the first Air Jordan designed by the legend, Tinker Hatfield. They said goodbye to the ‘Wings’ logo and debuted the iconic ‘Jumpman’ logo we are all familiar with today. In addition, they were also the first Air Jordan to feature visible air and elephant print on the upper. Four colorways dropped, which are all classics today.
  4. ^ Everything You Need to Know About Jordan Brand’s Iconic Jumpman Logo, archived from the original on May 30, 2019, retrieved November 18, 2019
  5. ^ "Photographer sues Nike over Michael Jordan photo copyright". Associated Press. January 23, 2015. Archived from the original on January 28, 2015. Retrieved January 24, 2015.
  6. ^ "Court Rejects Rentmeester's Infringement Claim Over Nike "Jumpman" Logo". Photo District News. June 23, 2015. Archived from the original on August 3, 2016. Retrieved August 3, 2016.
  7. ^ "China's Trademark Regime: How to Protect Your Brand". China Briefing News. March 25, 2019. Archived from the original on April 18, 2020. Retrieved April 14, 2020.
  8. ^ "Chinese sports brand Qiaodan sues Michael Jordan - China.org.cn". www.china.org.cn. Archived from the original on August 2, 2017. Retrieved April 14, 2020.
  9. ^ "Michael Jordan Prevails in Eight-Year Trademark Battle at China's Supreme People's Court". The National Law Review. Archived from the original on April 12, 2020. Retrieved April 14, 2020.
  10. ^ France-Presse, Agence (December 8, 2016). "Michael Jordan wins rights to his Chinese name in trademark battle". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Archived from the original on November 18, 2019. Retrieved November 18, 2019.
  11. ^ Tracy, Marc (July 15, 2015). "Michigan's Nike Deal Among Richest in College Sports". The New York Times. Archived from the original on March 26, 2017. Retrieved July 28, 2015.
  12. ^ Wattles, Jackie (July 15, 2015). "Nike lands $169 million deal with Michigan". CNN. Archived from the original on April 26, 2016. Retrieved July 28, 2015.
  13. ^ Snyder, Mark (April 26, 2016). "Michigan finalizes Nike contract for up to $173.8 million". Detroit Free Press. Archived from the original on September 19, 2016. Retrieved September 15, 2016.
  14. ^ Chengelis, Angelique S. (July 26, 2016). "Michigan players psyched to don Jordan Jumpman uniforms". Detroit News. Archived from the original on September 19, 2016. Retrieved September 15, 2016.
  15. ^ Baumgardner, Nick (August 1, 2016). "Michigan players show off new Jumpman cleats, Jordan Brand gear". MLive.com. Archived from the original on September 16, 2016. Retrieved September 15, 2016.
  16. ^ Dosh, Kristi (August 3, 2016). "Michigan's Jumpman Football Uniforms Unveiled". Forbes. Archived from the original on August 1, 2017. Retrieved September 15, 2016.
  17. ^ "North Carolina partners with Michael Jordan, unveils Jumpman uniforms". www.sportingnews.com. Archived from the original on June 8, 2019. Retrieved June 8, 2019.
  18. ^ "LOOK: Oklahoma football debuts familiar uniform in switch to Jordan Brand apparel". CBSSports.com. Archived from the original on April 2, 2019. Retrieved June 8, 2019.
  19. ^ "LOOK: Florida makes big move joining Jordan Brand's growing college football footprint". CBSSports.com. Archived from the original on August 23, 2019. Retrieved August 23, 2019.
  20. ^ Dator, James (June 26, 2017). "The Hornets will be the only NBA team to have jerseys licensed by Jumpman". SB Nation. Archived from the original on August 1, 2017. Retrieved July 6, 2017.
  21. ^ "How Jordan Brand will bring more eyeballs to UH basketball - HoustonChronicle.com". www.houstonchronicle.com. April 6, 2018. Archived from the original on June 8, 2019. Retrieved June 8, 2019.
  22. ^ McMahon, Bobby (September 13, 2018). "Neymar, Mbappe, Paris Saint-Germain And Jordan Brand Align Beautifully In Ground Breaking Agreement". Forbes. Archived from the original on June 2, 2019. Retrieved June 2, 2019.
  23. ^ Browne, Rembert (September 22, 2015). "A Note on 'Jumpman' by Metro Boomin ft. Drake and Future". Grantland. Archived from the original on September 15, 2019. Retrieved April 14, 2020.