September 12, 1926|
Sendai, Miyagi Prefecture, Japan
|Alma mater||Tohoku University|
IEEE Edison Medal (2000)|
Order of Culture
Iwate Prefectural University
Tokyo Metropolitan University
Jun-ichi Nishizawa (西澤 潤一 Nishizawa Jun'ichi, born September 12, 1926) is a Japanese engineer and inventor. He is known for his electronic inventions since the 1950s, including the PIN diode, static induction transistor, and static induction thyristor.
He is currently a professor at Sophia University. He is considered the "Father of Japanese Microelectronics".
In 1953, he joined the Research Institute of Electrical Communication at Tohoku University. He became a professor there and was appointed director to two research institutes. From 1990 to 1996, Nishizawa served as the President of Tohoku University.
He became the president of Iwate Prefectural University in 1998.
While working at Tohoku University in the 1960s, Nishizawa invented technologies that contributed to the development of optical fiber communications, such as the graded-index optical fiber as a channel for transmitting light from semiconductor lasers.[verification needed] He patented the graded-index optical fiber in 1964.
Nishizawa is a Life Fellow of the IEEE. He is a Fellow of several other institutions, including the Physical Society, the Russian Academy of Sciences, and the Polish Academy of Sciences. Nishizawa was decorated with Order of Culture by the emperor of Japan in 1989. He also received the Japan Academy Prize (1974), IEEE Jack A. Morton Award (1983), the Honda Prize and the Laudise Prize of the International Organization for Crystal Growth (1989). IEEE conferred the Edison Medal on him in 2000, and introduced the IEEE Jun-ichi Nishizawa Medal in 2002.
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