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|Princely State of British India|
among all princely states shown in pink
|•||Indian integration of Junagadh||1948|
|•||1921||8,643 km2 (3,337 sq mi)|
|Density||53.9 /km2 (139.5 /sq mi)|
|Today part of||Gujarat, India|
|This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "article name needed". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.|
However, during the collapse of the Mughal Empire, the Babis became involved in a struggle with the Gaekwad dynasty of the Maratha Empire over control of Gujarat. Muhammad Sher Khan Babi declared independence from the Mughal governor of Gujarat subah, and founded the state of Junagadh in 1730. This allowed the Babi to retain sovereignty of Junagadh and other princely states. Junagadh was then a tributary to the Maratha Empire, until it came under British suzerainty in 1807, following the Second Anglo-Maratha War.
In 1807, the Junagadh State became a British protectorate and The East India Company took control of the state. By 1818, the Saurashtra area, along with other princely states of Kathiawar, were separately administrated under the Kathiawar Agency by British India.
In 1947, upon the independence and partition of India, the last Babi dynasty ruler of the state, Muhammad Mahabat Khanji III, decided to merge Junagadh into the newly formed Pakistan. However, the Hindu citizens, who formed the majority of the population, revolted, leading to several events and also a plebiscite, resulting in the integration of Junagadh into India.
- 1730–1758 : Mohammad Bahadur Khanji I or Mohammad Sher Khan Babai 
- 1758–1774 : Mohammad Mahabat Khanji I
- 1774–1811 : Mohammad Hamid Khanji I
- 1811–1840 : Mohammad Bahadur Khanji II
- 1840–1851 : Mohammad Hamid Khanji II
- 1851–1882 : Mohammad Mahabat Khanji II
- 1882–1892 : Mohammad Bahadur Khanji III
- 1892–1911 : Mohammad Rasul Khanji
- 1911–1948 : Mohammad Mahabat Khanji III (last de facto ruler)
One member of the Junagadh family resides in Ahmedabad, India—descendants of the family of Valid Ahad Shehzada Shri Sherzaman Khanji Rasul Khanji Babai Bahadur, who was the elder brother of last ruling Nawab Sahab Shri HH Nawab Sahab Shri Mahabat Khanji III Rasul khanji. The present head of the family, Darbar Sahab Shri Shamsher Ali Khanji Hayat Khanji Babi Sahab of Devgam, itself an offshoot of Junagadh state, is the great-grandson of Valid Ahad Shehzada Sahab. His representative is his eldest nephew Sahibzada Muzammil Hayat Khanji Anis Mohammad Khanji Babai.
Integration into India
With the independence of India in 1947, the princely states were left by the British to decide whether to accede to one of the newly independent states of India or Pakistan or to remain outside them. The Constitutional Advisor to the Nawab, Nabi Baksh, indicated to Lord Mountbatten that he was recommending that Junagadh should join India. However, upon the advice of Dewan Bhutto, on 15 August 1947, the Nawab announced that Junagadh had acceded to Pakistan. On 13 September, the Government of Pakistan accepted the accession.
The Hindu majority of Junagadh revolted, leading to the near-collapse of the state government, and a December plebiscite which overwhelmingly called for the integration of Junagadh into India. Nawab Muhammad Mahabat Khan III of Junagadh (erstwhile Babi nawab dynasty of Junagadh) left to live in Sindh, Pakistan.
- Annexation of Junagadh
- Manavadar State
- V. P. Menon
- Political integration of India
- Pathans of Gujarat
- Georg Pfeffer and Deepak Kumar Behera, Contemporary Society: Concept of tribal society, p. 198
- Gandhi, Rajmohan (1991). Patel: A Life. India: Navajivan. p. 292.
- Soszynski, Henry. "JUNAGADH".
- Nawabs of Junagadh British Library.
- Menon, V. P. (1956). The Story of Integration of the Indian States (PDF). Orient Longman. pp. 85–87.
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